Reason & Argument (häftad)
Format
Häftad (Paperback)
Språk
Engelska
Antal sidor
462
Utgivningsdatum
1998-06-01
Upplaga
2
Förlag
Pearson
Dimensioner
235 x 177 x 24 mm
Vikt
700 g
Antal komponenter
1
Komponenter
PUZZLE
ISBN
9780136246022

Reason & Argument

Häftad, Engelska, 1998-06-01
1660 kr
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This text presents a clear and philosophically sound method for identifying, interpreting, and evaluating arguments as they appear in non-technical sources. It focuses on a more functional, real-world goal of argument analysis as a tool for figuring out what is reasonable to believe rather than as an instrument of persuasion. Methods are illustrated by applying them to arguments about different topics as they appear in a variety of contexts e.g., newspaper editorials and columns, short essays, informal reports of scientific results, etc.
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Innehållsförteckning

(NOTE: Each chapter concludes with a Summary.)

I. CONCEPTUAL FOUNDATIONS.

1. Introduction.

 

Arguments. Reason, Rhetoric, and Argument Analysis. The Ways People Deal with Arguments. Impediments to Good Reasoning.

 

2. Truth and Rationality.

 

Uses of Language. Truth and Correspondence to the Facts. Rational Belief.

 

3. Well-Formed Arguments.

 

Argument Analysis. Well-Formed Arguments. Validity, Cogency, and the Truth Value of Premises.

 

4. Strong Arguments.

 

Deductive Strength. Inductive Strength.

 

II. THE METHOD OF ARGUMENT ANALYSIS.

5. Reconstructing Arguments.

 

Argument Reconstruction and the Principle of Charity. Distinguishing Arguments from Non-Arguments. Identifying Premises and Conclusions. General and Specific Premises. Adding Implicit Premises.

 

6. Details of Argument Reconstruction.

 

Improper Wording. Missing Premises. Including Unnecessary Premises.

 

7. Evaluating Arguments.

 

Basic Rules of Argument Evaluation. Evaluating Specific Types of Premises. Argument, Analysis and Problems of Meaning.

 

III. APPLICATIONS.

8. Arguments and Testimony.

 

The Role of Testimony. Testimonial Arguments. Premises and Testimony.

 

9. Statistical Arguments and Predictions.

 

Past to Future Arguments. Simple Statistical Statements. The Standard Pattern for Survey Arguments. Evaluating Survey Arguments. Correlations.

 

10. Causal Arguments.

 

Causal Statements. The Meaning of General Causal Statements. Knowledge of General Causal Statements. Analyzing Causal Arguments. Common Errors in Causal Reasoning.

 

11. Moral Arguments.

 

Moral Propositions. Morality, Rationality, and Truth. Analyzing Moral Arguments. Common Problems in Moral Reasoning.