(Cengage Learning EMEA)
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PART I: INTERPRETING LITERATURE.
1. Strategies for Interpreting Literature.
Why Do People Read Literature? What Is Meaning? What Is Interpretation? How Do We Interpret? Checklist for Interpreting Literature. Work Cited.
2. What is Literature?
Literature Is Language. Literature Is Fictional. Walt Whitman, Cavalry Crossing a Ford. Literature Is True. Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, My Friend, the Things that Do Attain. Literature Is Aesthetic. Literature Is Intertextual. Christopher Marlowe, The Passionate Shepherd to His Love. Sir Walter Raleigh, The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd. Checklist for the Elements of Literature. Works Cited.
3. Interpreting Fiction.
The Elements of Fiction. Theme. Point of View. Plot. Characterization. Setting. Irony. Symbolism. Other Elements. Checklist for Interpreting Fiction. Works Cited.
4. Interpreting Drama.
The Nature of Drama. The Elements of Drama. Length. Audience. Plot. Characterization. Setting. Theme. Irony. Subgenres. Checklist for Interpreting Drama. Works Cited and Consulted.
5. Interpreting Poetry.
What Is Poetry? Emily Bront, The Night Is Darkening Round Me. I. Sense in Poetry: Elements that Convey Meaning. Getting the Facts Straight (Reading a Poem the First Time). Diction. William Wordsworth, "A Slumber Did My Spirit Seal." Syntax. Louise Bogan, "Song for a Lyre." Characterization, Point of View, Plot, and Setting. Jane Kenyon, "In the Nursing Home." Matthew Arnold, "Dover Beach." Robert Browning, "My Last Duchess." Imagery: Descriptive Language. Imagery: Figurative Language. Samuel Daniel, "Love Is a Sickness." Thomas Campion, "There Is a Garden in Her Face." Symbolism. William Blake, "The Sick Rose." II. The Sound of Poetry: Musical Elements. Rhythm. William Shakespeare, "Sonnet 129." Word Sounds. Edgar Allan Poe, "To Helen." III. Structure: Devices that Organize. Lines. Enjambment. Blank Verse. Stanza. Rhyme Scheme. Fixed and Nonce Forms. The Sonnet. William Shakespeare, "Sonnet 116." Edna St. Vincent Millay, "I, Being Born a Woman." The Ballad. Anonymous, "The Daemon Lover." Common Meter. Emily Dickinson, "Because I Could Not Stop for Death." The Haiku. Matsuo Basho, haiku. Taniguchi Buson, haiku. Kobayashi Issa, haiku. Free Verse. Psalm 23. Ezra Pound, "Xenia." Amy Lowell, "Road to the Yoshiwara." Langston Hughes, "Vagabonds." The Villanelle. Elizabeth Bishop, "One Art." IV. Sight: The Visual Qualities of Poetry. Visual Poetry. George Herbert, Easter Wings. Modern Poetry. e. e. cummings,
"l(a." Gwendolyn Brooks, "We Real Cool." Checklist for Interpreting Poetry. Works Cited.
6. Specialized Approaches to Interpreting Literature.
Literary Criticism. Cites of Meaning. Literary Theory. The Work. Anglo-American Criticism. Structuralism. Archetypal Criticism. Poststructuralism. Resources. Applications. The Author. Historical and Biographical Criticism. New Historicist. Criticism. Resources. Applications. The Reader. European Reader-Response Criticism
(Cengage Learning EMEA)