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- 440 g
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Making Islam Democratic
Social Movements and the Post-Islamist Turn
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"Relying mostly on experiences in Iran and Egypt and using a variety of Persian, Arabic, and Western sources, Bayat has written a masterly and intellectually challenging comparative analysis of social movements, including post-Islamic ones, and their impact on the ongoing debate over democratization in the Muslim Middle East." -- <I>Library Journal</I> "This is an excellent political and sociological comparison between Egypt and Iran based on direct personal observation of both countries, which gives this work a subtlety and authority lacking in many academic accounts of the region . . . Bayat skillfully interweaves social, economic and political change with intellectual debate in both countries. He pays close attention to the idiom of debate on religion and politics, yet he shows successfully that Muslim politics is better understood by how Muslims practice politics than by how they define it." -- <I>Muslim World Book Review</I> "Bayat's approach also abandons the clear dichotomies between state and nonstate actors and between behavioral and ideological moderation. The result is a sharp analysis that accounts for substantial change within a society that continues to hold a strong religious identity, both socially and within the state." -- Jillian Schwedler * <I>World Politics</I> * "Making Islam Democratic is a key acquisition for any college-level collection strong in Middle East studies. It offers . . . a fine analysis of the contemporary Iranian revolution and its evolution." -- <I>California Bookwatch<I> "Asef Bayat's Making Islam Democratic deserves the close attention of social scientists working at the intersection of religion, politics, and society. Bayat's central aim is to challenge the pervasive question of whether or not Islam is compatible with democracy. Through a rich comparative study of social movements in Egypt and Iran, Bayat persuasively argues that the persistent question of Islam and democracy is one that is fundamentally misguided . . . Bayat's rich empirical analysis is among the best of recent work on social movements in the region . . . Bayat's study therefore contributes to a growing body of literature concerned with the various trajectories of Islamist movements and parties throughout the region. While most political scientists examine how political institutions shape the likely political trajectories of Islamist parties, Bayat's focus on the social trajectory of these movements provides a rich addition to the literature." -- Tamir Moustafa * <I>MESA Bulletin</I> * "Asef Bayats lucid and authoritative study sheds much-needed light on the vexed topic of Islam and democracy. Though Bayat sees no necessary hostility between the two, Muslims in the Middle East are in practice caught between authoritarian regimes, authoritarian Islamist oppositions, and foreign military occupation. Nonetheless, focusing on Iran and Egypt, he sees grounds for hope, mainly in post-Islamist social movements which may establish a presence in civil society sufficient to force concessions from the regimes. Since their problems have recently become our problems too, this excellent book should be very widely read." -- Michael Mann * University of California, Los Angeles, author of <I>Sources of Social Power</I> * "Bayat offers a new approach to the study of Islam and democracy by asking how social movements such as students' and women's groups could make Muslim societies (rather than 'Islam' per se) democratic. The author's decades of professional experience in Iran and Egypt assist him in establishing a balanced approach in his comparative study." -- <I>CHOICE</I> "In a commanding and detailed overview of the contemporary Middle East, Asef Bayat provides a unique account of the region today, in terms of ideologies, social movements and state power. Almost alone amongs
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Asef Bayat is Professor of Sociology and Middle Eastern Studies and holds the Chair of Society and Culture of the Modern Middle East at Leiden University, the Netherlands. He is the author of Life as Politics: How Ordinary People Change the Middle East (Stanford, 2009) and Street Politics: Poor People's Movements in Iran (1997).
CONTENTS Abbreviations xxx Chronology xxx Preface xxx 1 Islam and Democracy: Perverse Charm of an Irrelevant Question 1 2 Revolution without Movement, Movement without Revolution: Islamist Activism in Iran and Egypt (1960s-1980s) 000 3 The Making of a Post-Islamist Movement: Social Movements and Socio-Political Change in Iran, 1980-1997 000 4 Post-Islamism in Power: Dilemmas of Reform Project, 1997-2004 000 5 Egypt's 'Passive Revolution': The State and the Fragmentation of Islamism (1992-2005) 000 6 The Politics of Presence: Imagining a Post-Islamist Democracy 000 Reference Matter 000 Persian and Arabic Journals Cited 000 Notes 000 Bibliography 000 Index 000