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"Kim's book is the best general survey of metaphysics of mind. It brims with arresting arguments and lucid points of exposition. Kim's own philosophical judgment is not suppressed, but he gives sympathetic accounts of opposing views. Perhaps no other text accessible to undergraduates is so often consulted by professional philosophers. Most chapters have been augmented in this third edition, but its most distinctive feature is its expanded discussion of consciousness." -Bernard W. Kobes, Arizona State University Praise for Previous Editions: "Like the highly acclaimed earlier edition, this book provides an extremely useful, state-of-the-art introduction to the philosophy of mind. Thanks to his incomparably lucid style, the author is able to discuss the issues at greater depth than is generally attempted in an introductory text, thus also providing a very accessible introduction to his own challenging and influential views on the mind-body problem. Really a wonderful book, useful to students and researchers alike." -Ausonio Marras, University of Western Ontario "An introductory survey to philosophy of mind, this work is impressive equally for its clarity and depth as an overview and its forcefulness as an original contribution to its subject." -Choice
Jaegwon Kim is William Perry Faunce Professor of Philosophy at Brown University. He is the author of Supervenience and Mind; Mind in a Physical World; Physicalism, or Something Near Enough; Essays in the Metaphysics of Mind; and many important papers on the philosophy of mind, metaphysics, epistemology, and the philosophy of science.
Preface 1. Introduction What Is Philosophy of Mind? Metaphysical Preliminaries Mind-Body Supervenience Materialism and Physicalism Varieties of Mental Phenomena Is There a "Mark of the Mental"? For Further Reading Notes 2. Mind as Immaterial Substance: Descartes's Dualism Descartes's Interactionist Substance Dualism Why Minds and Bodies Are Distinct: Some Arguments Princess Elisabeth Against Descartes The "Pairing Problem": Another Causal Argument Immaterial Minds in Space? Substance Dualism and Property Dualism For Further Reading Notes 3. Mind and Behavior: Behaviorism The Cartesian Theater and the "Beetle in the Box" What Is Behavior? Logical Behaviorism: A Positivist Argument A Behavioral Translation of "Paul Has a Toothache" Difficulties with Behavioral Definitions Do Pains Entail Pain Behavior? Ontological Behaviorism The Real Relationship Between Pain and Pain Behavior Behaviorism in Psychology Why Behavior Matters to Mind For Further Reading Notes 4. Mind as the Brain: The Psychoneural Identity Theory Mind-Brain Correlations Making Sense of Mind-Brain Correlations The Argument from Simplicity Explanatory Arguments for Psychoneural Identity An Argument from Mental Causation Against Psychoneural Identity Theory Reductive and Nonreductive Physicalism For Further Reading Notes 5. Mind as a Computing Machine: Machine Functionalism Multiple Realizability and the Functional Conception of Mind Functional Properties and Their Realizers: Definitions Functionalism and Behaviorism Turing Machines Physical Realizers of Turing Machines Machine Functionalism: Motivations and Claims Machine Functionalism: Further Issues Can Machines Think? The Turing Test Computationalism and the "Chinese Room" For Further Reading Notes 6. Mind as a Causal System: Causal-Theoretical Functionalism The Ramsey-Lewis Method Choosing an Underlying Psychology Functionalism as Physicalism: Psychological Reality Objections and Difficulties Roles Versus Realizers: The Status of Cognitive Science For Further Reading Notes 7. Mental Causation Agency and Mental Causation Mental Causation, Mental Realism, and Epiphenomenalism Psychophysical Laws and "Anomalous Monism" Is Anomalous Monism a Form of Epiphenomenalism? Counterfactuals to the Rescue? Physical Causal Closure and the "Exclusion Argument" The "Supervenience Argument" and Epiphenomenalism Further Issues: The Extrinsicness of Mental States For Further Reading Notes 8. Mental Content Interpretation Theory The Causal-Correlational Approach: Informational Semantics Misrepresentation and the Teleological Approach Narrow Content and Wide Content: Content Externalism The Metaphysics of Wide Content States Is Narrow Content Possible? Two Problems for Content Externalism For Further Reading Notes 9. What Is Consciousness? Some Views on Consciousness Nagel and His Inscrutable Bats Phenomenal Consciousness and Access Consciousness Consciousness and Subjectivity Does Consciousness Involve Higher-Order Perception or Thought? Transparency of Experience and Qualia Representationalism For Further Reading Notes 10. Consciousness and the Mind-Body Problem The "Explanatory Gap" and the "Hard Problem" Does Consciousness Supervene on Physical Properties? Closing the Explanatory Gap: Reduction and Reductive Explanation Functional Analysis and Reductive Explanation Consciousness and Brain Science What Mary, the Super Vision Scientist, Didn't Know The Limits of Physicalism For Further Reading Notes References Index