Streetwise (häftad)
Format
Häftad (Paperback)
Språk
Engelska
Antal sidor
256
Utgivningsdatum
2005-04-01
Förlag
Russell Sage Foundation
Medarbetare
Hamill, Heather
Illustrationer
Illustrations
Dimensioner
230 x 152 x 20 mm
Vikt
420 g
Antal komponenter
1
ISBN
9780871543097

Streetwise

How Taxi Drivers Establish Customers' Trustworthiness

Häftad, Engelska, 2005-04-01
243 kr
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A taxi driver's life is dangerous work. Picking up a bad customer can leave the driver in a vulnerable position, and erring even once can prove fatal. To protect themselves, taxi drivers must quickly and accurately assess the trustworthiness of complete strangers. In "Streetwise, Diego Gambetta and Heather Hamill take this predicament as a prototypical example of many trust decisions, where people must act on limited information and judge another person's trustworthiness based on signs that may or may not be honest indicators of that person's character or intent. Gambetta and Hamill analyze the behavior of cabbies in two cities where driving a taxi is especially perilous: New York City, where drivers have been the targets of frequent and violent robberies, and Belfast. Northern Ireland, a divided metropolis where drivers have been swept up in the region's sectarian violence. Based on in-depth ethnographic research, "Streetwise lets drivers describe in their own words how they seek to determine the threat posed by each potential passenger. The drivers' decisions about whom to trust are treated in conjunction with the "sign-mangement" strategies of their prospective passengers--both genuine passengers who try to persuade drivers of their trustworthiness and the villanis who mimic them. As the theory that guides this research suggests, drivers look for signs that correlate closely with trustworthiness but are difficult for an impostor to mimic. A smile, a business suit, or a skullcap alone do not reassure drivers, as any criminal could easily wear them. Only if attached to other signs--a middle-aged woman, a business address, or a synagogue--are they persuasive. Drivers are adept atdeciphering deceitful signals, but trickery is occasionally undetectable, so they must adopt defensive strategies to minimize their exposure to harm. In Belfast, where drivers are locals and often have histories of paramilitary involvement, "macho" posturing often serves to deter
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