The Effects of Drug Abuse on the Human Nervous System (inbunden)
Format
Inbunden (Hardback)
Språk
Engelska
Antal sidor
624
Utgivningsdatum
2014-01-20
Förlag
Academic Press
Medarbetare
Kuhar, Michael
Illustrationer
colour illustrations, black & white tables, figures
Dimensioner
276 x 215 x 31 mm
Vikt
1451 g
Antal komponenter
1
ISBN
9780124186798
The Effects of Drug Abuse on the Human Nervous System (inbunden)

The Effects of Drug Abuse on the Human Nervous System

Inbunden Engelska, 2014-01-20
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Drug use and abuse continues to thrive in contemporary society worldwide and the instance and damage caused by addiction increases along with availability. The Effects of Drug Abuse on the Human Nervous System presents objective, state-of-the-art information on the impact of drug abuse on the human nervous system, with each chapter offering a specific focus on nicotine, alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamine, MDMA, sedative-hypnotics, and designer drugs. Other chapters provide a context for drug use, with overviews of use and consequences, epidemiology and risk factors, genetics of use and treatment success, and strategies to screen populations and provide appropriate interventions. The book offers meaningful, relevant and timely information for scientists, health-care professionals and treatment providers.

  • A comprehensive reference on the effects of drug addiction on the human nervous system
  • Focuses on core drug addiction issues from nicotine, cocaine, methamphetamine, alcohol, and other commonly abused drugs
  • Includes foundational science chapters on the biology of addiction
  • Details challenges in diagnosis and treatment options
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Övrig information

Dr. Madras is Professor of Psychobiology at Harvard Medical School (HMS), is cross-appointed at the Massachusetts General Hospital and founded the Division of Neurochemistry at the HMS Primate Center. She served as Deputy Director for Demand Reduction in the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP), a Presidential appointment confirmed unanimously by the Senate. Her discoveries in addiction neurobiology and pharmacology informed her development of candidate medications and brain imaging probes, the latter widely used in clinical research of drug mechanisms, neurotoxicity, Parkinson's disease diagnosis, ADHD, other neuropsychiatric disorders. The Division also developed naturalistic primate genotype/phenotype models of psychiatric disorders. Her current research focuses on molecular adaptations which conceivably alter the trajectory of brain development in adolescent drug users. She has authored numerous scientific manuscripts, co-edited the "The Cell Biology of Addiction, and received 19 patents with collaborators. Her commitment to academic and public education is reflected in her mentorship of students, creation of courses on addiction biology (HMS, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory) and a Boston Museum of Science exhibit and CD (licensed by Disney Corp. in 2006) on how drugs affect the brain. At ONDCP, her public health approach to Demand Reduction featured medicalization of Screening, Brief Intervention, Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) services. She spearheaded approval of SBIRT CPT Medicaid and Medicare billing codes, web-based screening/training, and a UN endorsement of SBIRT. Recognition includes NIH-NIDA MERIT, Public Service and Career Scientist awards, an American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry Founders' Award, Marian Fischman Award, and designation of the imaging agent altropane in "The Better World Report, 2006, as one of "25 technology transfer innovations that changed the world. She has delivered hundreds of presentations on addiction and related topics to various groups nationally and globally. Michael J Kuhar, PhD, is currently Candler Professor in the Emory University School of Medicine, a Georgia Research Alliance Eminent Scholar, and Professor at the Yerkes National Primate Research Center. His general areas of interest have been the structure and function of the brain, mental illness, and the drugs that affect the brain. Addiction has been his major focus for many years, and he is one of the most productive and highly cited scientists worldwide. He has trained a large cadre of students, fellows and visitors, received a number of prestigious awards for his work, and remains involved in many aspects of addiction research and education. In June, he received the Eddy lifetime achievement award from the College on Problems of Drug Dependence.

Innehållsförteckning

Chapter 1: Drug Use and its Consequences - B. Madras Chapter 2: Genetics of Substance Use, Abuse, Cessation, and Addiction: Novel Data Implicate Copy Number Variants - Uhl et al. Chapter 3: Epidemiology of Drug Abuse: Building Blocks for Etiologic Research - Weinberg et al. Chapter 4: Detection Of Populations At Risk Or Addicted: Screening, Brief Intervention And Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) in Clinical Settings - L. Gentilello Chapter 5: Cocaine: Mechanism and Effects in the Human Brain - Trifilieff et al. Chapter 6: Stress, Anxiety, and Cocaine Abuse - Craige et al. Chapter 7: The Neuropathology of Drug Abuse - Buttner et al. Chapter 8: The Pathology of Methamphetamine Use in the Human Brain - S. Kish Chapter 9: The Effects of Alcohol on the Human Nervous System - K. Brady Chapter 10: The Nicotine Hypothesis - Brasic Chapter 11: Smoking Effects in the Human Nervous System - Schuman-Olivier Chapter 12: Cognitive Effects of Nicotine - Sofuoglu et al. Chapter 13: Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids in the Human Nervous System - H. Kalant Chapter 14: Cannabis, Cannabinoids, and the Association with Psychosis - Radhakrishnan et al. Chapter 15: Effects of MDMA on the Human Nervous System - McCann et al. Chapter 16: Sedative Hypnotics - Ciraulo et al. Chapter 17: Hallucinogens - Chan/Mendelson Chapter 18: Inhalants: Addiction and Toxic Effects in Humans - Bowen et al. Chapter 19: Emerging Designer Drugs - Nichols et al.