Criminal Behavior (häftad)
Format
Häftad (Paperback)
Språk
Engelska
Antal sidor
672
Utgivningsdatum
2016-02-05
Upplaga
11
Förlag
Pearson
Medarbetare
Bartol, Anne M.
Dimensioner
273 x 209 x 31 mm
Vikt
1202 g
Antal komponenter
1
ISBN
9780134163741
Criminal Behavior (häftad)

Criminal Behavior

A Psychological Approach

Häftad Engelska, 2016-02-05
1949
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A comprehensive psychological approach to criminal and antisocial behavior.

Building on a tradition of excellence, Criminal Behavior: A Psychological Approachis accurate, well-researched, contemporary, and comprehensive. It offers a detailed look at crime, what may lead to it, and how criminal behavior may be prevented all from a psychological perspective. With a focus on serious crimes, particularly those involving violence, this text offers an all-inclusive look at a very complex field through effective and engaging material that has been classroom-tested for more than thirty years.

 

Now in the Eleventh Edition, youll find crucial updates relating to crime definitions and DSM-5 categories, as well as the most current statistics and recently proposed models and theories. Numerous topics such as intimate partner violence, juvenile sex offending, terrorist recruitment, elderly abuse, and sexual burglary now receive more extensive coverage than ever before.
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Övrig information

Curt Bartol earned a PhD in Personality/Social Psychology from Northern Illinois University. He was then a psychology professor for over 30 years, teaching a wide array of both graduate and undergraduate courses, including Criminal Behavior, Biopsychology, Social Psychology, Introduction to Forensic Psychology, Juvenile Delinquency, and Psychology and Law. He was instrumental in creating and launching a Master's Program in Forensic Psychology at Castleton State College (now Castleton University) and served as its director for six years. He is a licensed clinical psychologist who has offered psychological services to local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies and public safety offices for over 35 years. He was editor of the scholarly journal Criminal Justice and Behavior for 17 years. Anne Bartol earned an M.A. in Journalism from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and an M.A. and PhD in Criminal Justice from the State University of New York at Albany. Over a 20-year college teaching career she taught criminal justice, sociology, and journalism courses, including Criminology, Juvenile Justice, Corrections, Women and Criminal Justice, Occupational Crime, and Media Law. She was managing editor of Criminal Justice and Behavior and has worked as a news reporter and a social worker in family and child protective services. In addition to individual published articles in journals and encyclopedias, the Bartols have collaborated on and co-authored five books through multiple editions-with each subsequent edition carefully updated to reflect changes in data, research findings, theories, and law. Besides Criminal Behavior in its Eleventh Edition, they have written: Juvenile Delinquency (Third Edition, 2009); Psychology and Law (Third Edition, 2015); Introduction to Forensic Psychology (Fourth Edition, 2015); and Criminal and Behavioral Profiling (First Edition, 2013). They also have co-edited a book of readings, Current Perspectives in Forensic Psychology and Criminal Behavior (Fourth Edition, 2016).

Innehållsförteckning

Chapter 1 Introduction to Criminal Behavior 1

Chapter Objectives 1

Theories of Crime 2

Theoretical Perspectives on Human Nature 4

Disciplinary Perspectives in Criminology 6

Sociological Criminology 7

Psychological Criminology 8

Box 1-1: Hate or Bias Crimes 8

Psychiatric Criminology 10

Defining and Measuring Crime 12

Uniform Crime Reporting System 12

Box 1-2: The Problem of Internet-Facilitated Crime 17

Self-Report Studies 19

Victimization Surveys 21

Juvenile Delinquency 23

Recap: Defining Crime and Delinquency 24

Summary and Conclusions 26

Key Concepts 27 Review Questions 27

 

Chapter 2 Origins of Criminal Behavior: Developmental Risk Factors 28

Chapter Objectives 28

Cumulative Risk Model 29

Developmental Cascade Model 30

Social Environment Risk Factors 32

Poverty 32

Peer Rejection and Association with Antisocial Peers 33

Preschool Experiences 36

After-School Care 37

Academic Failure 37

Parental and Family Risk Factors 38

Single-Parent Households 38

Parental Styles and Practices 39

Parental Monitoring 42

Box 2-1: Monitoring, Middle School, and Family Relationships 42

Influence of Siblings 44

Parental Psychopathology 44

Psychological Risk Factors 45

Lack of Attachment 45

Lack of Empathy 46

Cognitive and Language Deficiencies 48

Intelligence and Delinquency 49

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder 51

Box 2-2: ADHD: Which Treatment to Use? 52

ADHD and Criminal Behavior 53

Conduct Disorder 54

Oppositional Defiant Disorder 55

Summary and Conclusions 56

Key Concepts 58 Review Questions 58

 

Chapter 3 Origins of Criminal Behavior: Biological Factors 59

Chapter Objectives 59

Genetics and Antisocial Behavior 60

Behavior Genetics 60

Studies of Twins 61

The Twins Early Development Study 63

Twin Study of Child and Adolescent Development 64

Adoption Studies 64

Molecular Genetics 66

Psychophysiological Factors 66

Temperament 67

Environmental Risk Factors 70

Neurotoxins 70

Lead 71

Cadmium 72

Manganese 73

Mercury (Methlymercury) 73

Protective Properties of Micronutrients 74

Prenatal and Postnatal Malnutrition 75

Box 3-1: Malnutrition in Infants 75

Nicotine, Alcohol, and Drug Exposure 76

Traumatic Brain Injury 78

Brain Development Abnormalities 79

Hormones and Neurotransmitters 80

Neuropsychological Factors 80

Summary and Conclusions 81

Key Concepts 82 Review Questions 82

 

Chapter 4 Origins of Criminal Behavior: Learning and Situational Factors 83

Chapter Objectives 83