All the Fish in the Sea (inbunden)
Format
Inbunden (Hardback)
Språk
Engelska
Antal sidor
208
Utgivningsdatum
2011-08-19
Förlag
University of Chicago Press
Illustrationer
16 halftones, 3 line drawings
Dimensioner
241 x 154 x 19 mm
Vikt
521 g
Antal komponenter
1
ISBN
9780226249667
All the Fish in the Sea (inbunden)

All the Fish in the Sea

Maximum Sustainable Yield and the Failure of Fisheries Management

Inbunden Engelska, 2011-08-19
379
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Between 1949 and 1955, the State Department pushed for an international fisheries policy grounded in maximum sustainable yield (MSY). The concept is based on a confidence that scientists can predict, theoretically, the largest catch that can be taken from a species' stock over an indefinite period. And while it was modified in 1996 with passage of the Sustained Fisheries Act, MSY is still at the heart of modern American fisheries management. As fish populations continue to crash, however, it is clear that MSY is itself not sustainable. Indeed, the concept has been widely criticized by scientists for ignoring several key factors in fisheries management and has led to the devastating collapse of many fisheries. Carmel Finley reveals that the fallibility of MSY lies at its very inception - as a tool of government rather than science. The foundational doctrine of the MSY emerged at a time when the US government was using science to promote and transfer Western knowledge and technology, and to ensure that American ships and planes would have free passage through the world's seas and skies. Finley charts the history of US fisheries science using MSY as her focus, and in particular its application to halibut, tuna, and salmon fisheries. Fish populations the world over are threatened, and "All the Fish in the Sea" will help sound warnings of the effect of any management policies divested from science itself.
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Fler böcker av Carmel Finley

  • All the Boats on the Ocean

    Carmel Finley

    Most current fishing practices are neither economically nor biologically sustainable. Every year, the world spends $80 billion buying fish that cost $105 billion to catch, even as heavy fishing places growing pressure on stocks that are already st...

Recensioner i media

The decline and collapse of world fisheries is repeatedly cited as exemplary of the tragedy of the commons the dilemma whereby individuals, acting in their own rational, individual self-interest, destroy a common good. Using extensive primary sources, Carmel Finley shows that this view is incorrect, and that the decline of fisheries had little to do with the inadvertent adverse impacts of individual action, and everything to do with deliberate governmental and international policy. Since the end of World War II, the United States has consciously pursued a policy of encouraging more and more and more fishing, a policy that had little to do with the needs or interests of fishermen (much less fish) and everything to do with U.S. strategic and economic interests. Not surprisingly, fishermen and fish suffered the consequences. It was a tragedy, but not of the commons. It was a tragedy of attempted enclosure. This is a very important book, one that no environmentalist can afford to ignore. --Naomi Oreskes, University of California, San Diego"

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Övrig information

Carmel Finley teaches in the Department of History at Oregon State University. She is coeditor of Two Paths toward Sustainable Forests: Public Values in Canada and the United States.