Just War and Jihad (inbunden)
Format
Inbunden (Hardback)
Språk
Engelska
Antal sidor
272
Utgivningsdatum
1991-05-01
Förlag
Praeger Publishers Inc
Medarbetare
Kelsay, John
Illustratör/Fotograf
index bibliography
Illustrationer
bibliography, index
Dimensioner
235 x 155 x 25 mm
Vikt
500 g
Antal komponenter
1
Komponenter
1 Hardback
ISSN
0196-7053
ISBN
9780313273476
Just War and Jihad (inbunden)

Just War and Jihad

Historical and Theoretical Perspectives on War and Peace in Western and Islamic Traditions

Inbunden Engelska, 1991-05-01
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In this collaborative examination two diverse groups of scholars look at Western and Islamic approaches to war, peace, and statecraft from their own perspectives in an effort to bridge the gap of knowledge and understanding between the two traditions. Established scholars in religious ethics and international law--James Turner Johnson, John Langan, David Little, and William V. O'Brien--examine the substantial body of literature on the just war tradition that has been produced over time by historians, theologians, ethicists, and international lawyers. The Islamic tradition, which in both its classical and contemporary forms presents a rich variety of materials for discussions of statecraft, including issues connected with the justification, conduct, and ultimate aims of war, is then assessed by a group of leading Islamicists including Fred Donner, Richard C. Martin, Bruce Lawrence, and Ann Mayer. The two major themes stressed by the contributors are the historical and theoretical approaches to war and peace in the two great religious and cultural traditions. In every case, the chapters are broadly historical and comparative in nature. Kelsay and Johnson's Just War and Jihad, together with their companion volume, Cross-Crescent and Sword: The Justification and Limitation of War in Western and Islamic Tradition (Greenwood Press, 1990), represent the outcome of interdisciplinary and cross-cultural dialogues. An introduction takes up the various themes present in the chapters and reflects their significance for comparative studies of cultural attitudes on war and peace. In the book's first major division four chapters deal with foundational concerns. Here the authors identify sources and basic themes of religious thought that influence Western and Islamic approaches to war and peace. The two chapters of Part II take up particular questions connected with the phenomenon of holy war. In the final section two contributors assess the status of the international law on war and peace. For students and scholars of comparative religion, ethics, and international relations this comparative study, which establishes the persistence of certain human concerns across the boundaries of particular cultures, makes timely and important reading.
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"This collection of papers on the roots of just or holy' war in Western (Christian) and Islamic cultures, along with its companion volume, Cross, Crescent, and Sword: The Justification and Limitation of War in Western and Islamic Tradition (Greenwood, 1990), emanated from conferences held at Rutgers University in the winter and spring of 1988-89. Scholars in the fields of Western thought and the just war tradition as well as scholars from the area of Islamic studies were brought together to develop theoretical issues and further cross-discipline understanding. The chapters emphasize the historical and comparative approach to the study of the foundations, justifications, conduct, and aims of war in the two traditions. Intended for the scholarly or well-informed audience, this is recommended for research libraries."-Library Journal "This collection raises an interesting issue in comparing the Islamic jihad with the concept of a just war in Christendom. The Koran considers aggression unjust. That is, a jihad is not to be aggressive, but defensive, in protecting the holy places from the aggressor. In both Christian society and Islamic society it is proper to defend the faith against the infidel. The Christian Crusades and many Islamic jihads are considered as just, holy wars. In a comprehensive study these essays bring the just war concept to the modern period in a discussion of the Iran-Iraq War, 1980-1988. Neither country in this recent war wanted to be considered an aggressor that would violate teachings of the Koran. The select bibliography in this volume is extensive and impressive. New issues are covered. For every good undergraduate library."-Choice ?This collection raises an interesting issue in comparing the Islamic jihad with the concept of a just war in Christendom. The Koran considers aggression unjust. That is, a jihad is not to be aggressive, but defensive, in protecting the holy places from the aggressor. In both Christian society and Islamic society it is proper to defend the faith against the infidel. The Christian Crusades and many Islamic jihads are considered as just, holy wars. In a comprehensive study these essays bring the just war concept to the modern period in a discussion of the Iran-Iraq War, 1980-1988. Neither country in this recent war wanted to be considered an aggressor that would violate teachings of the Koran. The select bibliography in this volume is extensive and impressive. New issues are covered. For every good undergraduate library.?-Choice ?This collection of papers on the roots of just or holy' war in Western (Christian) and Islamic cultures, along with its companion volume, Cross, Crescent, and Sword: The Justification and Limitation of War in Western and Islamic Tradition (Greenwood, 1990), emanated from conferences held at Rutgers University in the winter and spring of 1988-89. Scholars in the fields of Western thought and the just war tradition as well as scholars from the area of Islamic studies were brought together to develop theoretical issues and further cross-discipline understanding. The chapters emphasize the historical and comparative approach to the study of the foundations, justifications, conduct, and aims of war in the two traditions. Intended for the scholarly or well-informed audience, this is recommended for research libraries.?-Library Journal

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Övrig information

JOHN KELSAY is Associate Professor, Department of Religion, Florida State University, Tallahassee. He was coauthor of Human Rights and the Conflict of Culture and coeditor with James Turner Johnson of Cross, Crescent, and Sword (Greenwood, 1990). His articles, Religion, Morality, and the Governance of War and Divine Commands and Social Order are forthcoming. He is currently writing several essays on ethics in Islam. JAMES TURNER JOHNSON is Professor of Religion, University Director of International Programs, and a member of the graduate faculty in political science at Rutgers University. A former Goggenheim Fellow and Rockefeller Foundation Humanities Fellow, his previous books include Ideology, Reason, and the Limitation of War, Just War Tradition and the Restraint of War, Can Modern War Be Just? and The Quest for Peace: Three Moral Traditions in Western Cultural History. Johnson has also published over forty articles in various American and European scholarly journals.

Innehållsförteckning

Foreword by Henry Warner Borden Introduction by John Kelsay Foundational Issues Historical Roots and Sources of the Just War Tradition in Western Culture by James Turner Johnson The Sources of Islamic Conceptions of War by Fred M. Donner The Western Moral Tradition on War: Christian Theology and Warfare by John Langan, S.J. The Religious Foundations of War, Peace, and Statecraft in Islam by Richard C. Martin Holy War "Holy War" Appeals and Western Christianity: A Reconsideration of Bainton's Approach by David Little Holy War (jihad) in Islamic Religion and Nation-State Ideologies by Bruce Lawrence International Law The International Law of War as Related to the Western Just War Tradition by William V. O'Brien War and Peace in the Islamic Tradition and International Law by Ann Elizabeth Mayer Select Bibliography Index