Introduction to Microwave Remote Sensing (inbunden)
Inbunden (Hardback)
Antal sidor
CRC Press
black and white 87 Illustrations 1 Tables black and white
1 Tables, black and white; 87 Illustrations, black and white
254 x 177 x 25 mm
884 g
Antal komponenter
68:B&W 7 x 10 in or 254 x 178 mm Case Laminate on White w/Gloss Lam
Introduction to Microwave Remote Sensing (inbunden)

Introduction to Microwave Remote Sensing

Inbunden Engelska, 2005-11-01
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Introduction to Microwave Remote Sensing offers an extensive overview of this versatile and extremely precise technology for technically oriented undergraduates and graduate students. This textbook emphasizes an important shift in conceptualization and directs it toward students with prior knowledge of optical remote sensing: the author dispels any linkage between microwave and optical remote sensing. Instead, he constructs the concept of microwave remote sensing by comparing it to the process of audio perception, explaining the workings of the ear as a metaphor for microwave instrumentation. This volume takes an "application-driven" approach. Instead of describing the technology and then its uses, this textbook justifies the need for measurement then explains how microwave technology addresses this need. Following a brief summary of the field and a history of the use of microwaves, the book explores the physical properties of microwaves and the polarimetric properties of electromagnetic waves. It examines the interaction of microwaves with matter, analyzes passive atmospheric and passive surface measurements, and describes the operation of altimeters and scatterometers. The textbook concludes by explaining how high resolution images are created using radars, and how techniques of interferometry can be applied to both passive and active sensors.
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WHY MICROWAVES? Overview of Microwave Systems Information from Passive Microwave Imagers Information from Passive Microwave Sounders Information from Active Microwave Instruments How Can This Information be Used? A BRIEF HISTORY OF MICROWAVES In the Beginning Out of the Darkness: Maxwell and Hertz Radios, Death Rays and Radar The Venus Ruler and Little Green Men Imaging Radar Microwave Remote Sensing from Space Further Reading PHYSICAL FUNDAMENTALS Physical Properties of EM Waves Electromagnetic Radiation as Waves Complex Wave Description Energy and Power of Waves Polarisation Combination of Waves Coherence The Most Important Section in This Book Phase as a (Relative) Distance Measure Combining Two Waves in 2-D Quantifying the Interference Pattern Passive Case Multiple Source Interference Pattern Beamwidth and Angular Resolution Huygens' Wavelets More on Coherence Propagation of Microwaves Through Lossy Media Moving Sources Where Do Microwaves Come From? How Are They Produced in Nature? Radiation Laws How Are Microwaves Produced Artificially? Further Reading POLARIMETRY Describing Polarised Waves Summary of Linear Basis Superposition of Polarised Waves Representing Polarisation Poincare sphere Mathematical Description Stokes Vector Brightness Stokes Vector Partially Polarised Waves The Stokes Scattering Matrix The Scattering Matrix Target Vector Covariance Matrix Passive Polarimetry Polarimetry in Radar Radar Polarimeters Polarimetric Synthesis and Response Curves Important Polarimetric Properties Unpolarised Power Degree of Polarisation and Coefficient of Variation Polarimetric Ratios Coherent Parameters Polarimetric Decomposition Further Reading MICROWAVES IN THE REAL WORLD Continuous Media and the Atmosphere Radiative Transfer Theory Microwave Brightness Temperature Spectral Lines Line Broadening Faraday Rotation Interaction With Discrete Objects Diffraction Importance of Diffraction Scattering Radar Cross-section Importance of Scattering Theory Scattering and Emission from Volumes Transmission Through Volumes Emission Scattering Reflection and Emission from Smooth Surfaces Scattering from Smooth Boundaries Emission from Smooth Boundaries Summary Scattering and Emission from Rough Surfaces Definition of "Rough" Effects of Roughness Summary Non-Random (Periodic) Surfaces Scattering and Emission from Natural Surfaces Oceans and Lakes Hydrometeors Ice and Snow Freshwater Ice Glacial Ice Sea Ice Bare Rock and Deserts Soils Vegetation Special Scatterers Corner Reflectors Moving Targets Mixed Targets Further Reading DETECTING MICROWAVES General Approach Conceptual Approach to Microwave Systems A Word of Warning Basic Microwave Radiometer The Antenna Parabolic Antennas The Dipole Antenna Array Antennas Antenna Properties The Receiver Detector Coherent Systems Active Systems System Performance Noise and Sensitivity Sensitivity Considerations for Receivers Other Sources of Uncertainty Calibration Antenna Calibration Verification and Validation Types of Calibration Strategies for Calibrating Receivers Final Remarks on Calibration Further Reading ATMOSPHERIC SOUNDING Atmospheric Sounding The Need for Measurements The Earth's Atmosphere Water Vapour and Oxygen Clouds and Precipitation Ozone Chlorine Monoxide Other Relevant Measurements Principles of Measurement Theoretical Basis of Sounding The Forward Model Simple Formulation of the Forward Model The Inverse Model Solving the Inverse Problem The Influence Functions Viewing Geometries Nadir Sounding Limb Sounding Passive Rainfall Mapping The Need for Measurements Principles of Measurement