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A Concise Introduction to Linguistics
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Concise Introduction to Linguistics
Bruce M Rowe, Diane P Levine
Now in its fifth edition, A Concise Introduction to Linguistics provides students with a detailed introduction to the core concepts of language as it relates to culture. The textbook includes a focus on linguistic anthropology, unpacking the main ...
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Bruce M. Rowe is a professor emeritus of anthropology at Los Angeles Pierce College, USA, where he has taught since 1970. Diane P. Levine is a professor emerita of anthropology at Los Angeles Pierce College, USA, where she has taught cultural and physical anthropology, as well as linguistics.
Preface 1. Introduction: The Nature of Communication The Nature of Communication Nonhuman and Human Communication Compared Chimpanzees and Gorillas in Controlled Environments Skepticism over Ape-Language Studies 2. Phonetics: The Sounds Used in Languages Articulatory Phonetics Consonants and Vowels Syllables and Syllabic Consonants Suprasegmentals 3. Phonology: The Sound Patterns Used in Languages The Phoneme and the Concept of Significant Differences in Sounds Distinctive Feature Analysis Phonological Processes The Continuous and Complex Nature of Speech, Revised 4. Morphology: Words and How they are Formed The Morpheme Morphological Typology How New Words Are Formed Lexical Categories (Parts of Speech) 5. Syntax: The Larger Patterns of Language Syntactic Construction The Constituent Structure of Sentences Phrase Structure Rules Transformational Rules Optional and Obligatory Transformations Grammaticality Judgments and Ambiguity 6. Semantics: The Study of Meaning Language is a System of Symbols The Meaning of Words: Lexical Semantics The -nyms Other Kinds of Meaning: Structural Semantics Entailment and Presupposition 7. Pragmatics: How Language is Used and The Effect of Context on Meaning Speech Acts Social Meaning Affective Meaning Politeness Theory Discourse Analysis Greeting Rituals Maxims of Conversation Other Examples of these four Maxims of Conversation Cross-Cultural Maxims of Conversation Difficulty in Processing Pragmatics 8. Sociolinguistics: Language and Society Regional Dialects African American English Hispanic English Contact Languages: Pidgin and Creole Situational Dialects or Registers Gender and Language 9. Linguistic Anthropology: Language and Culture Linguistic Anthropology and Other Subfields of Anthropology Disappearing, Reappearing, and Emerging Languages Language, Culture, Linguistic Relativism, and Linguistic Relativity Habituation Language and Identity Language Enculturation: Three Examples Language and Nationalism 10. Language Acquisition Language and the Brain Ideas about Language Aquisition How Do Children Acquire the Components of Language? Non Verbal Communication Bilingualism 11. Sign Language The Nature of Sign Language What Is ASL? Nicaraguan Sign Language: The Birth of a New Language Social Dimensions of Sign Language 12. Writing Systems Writing Is Secondary to Speech and Sign Language Types of Writing Systems The History of Writing The Printing Press A Few Words about Computers 13. Nonverbal Communication What Does "Nonverbal" Mean? Kinesic Behavior Affect Displays The Eyes Have it Physical Appearance Touching (Tactile) Behavior Paralanguage Proxemics The Physical Environment A Brief Word about Nonverbal -Type Communication in Cyberspace "How-To" Books and Apps: A Word of Caution 14. Historical Linguistics The Relationships among Languages Types of Language Change How Long Does It Take a Language to Change? The Spread of Englishes New Jargons Appendix A: Answers to Reviews of Terms and Concepts Appendix B: Answers to Selected Exercises Appendix C: Fieldwork Exercises Glossary Index