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- 3rd Edition
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Managing Research, Development and Innovation
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Fri frakt inom Sverige för privatpersoner.As with the first two editions, this book covers most aspects of the research, development, and innovation process. Adding two more chapters to an already impressive volume, this new Third Edition expands on challenging issues related to diversity in science and technology organizations, along with insight on how diversity enhance creativity. Also discussed are the interrelationships of R&D personnel and organizations with other players in this process. As informative as it is innovative, Management of Research, Development, and Innovation employs sound principles to drive economic development.
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RAVI K. JAIN, PhD, PE, is Dean of the School of Engineering and Computer Science at the University of the Pacific in Stockton, California. He has been a Littauer Fellow at Harvard University and a Fellow of Churchill College, Cambridge University. He has published fourteen books, over 150 scholarly papers and technical reports, and has received national recognition for his teaching and scholarly activities. HARRY C. TRIANDIS is Professor Emeritus of Psychology at the University of Illinois. He is the author of eight books, including Culture and Social Behavior, Individualism and Collectivism, and Fooling Ourselves: Self-Deception in Politics, Religion, and Terrorism. CYNTHIA W. WEICK is Professor of Management in the Eberhardt School of Business and the School of Engineering and Computer Science at University of the Pacific. Weick was named the Neven C. Hulsey Chair of Business Excellence in 2006, and in 2005, she earned Pacific's Distinguished Faculty Award, which is the University's highest faculty honor.
Preface. 1 R&D Organizations and Research Categories. 1.1 How Information can be Used. 1.2 A Perspective on R&D Management. 1.3 What Is Research and Development? 1.4 Research Categories. 1.5 What to Research. 1.6 Emphasis on Basic Versus Applied Research. 1.7 What is Unique About Managing R&D Organizations? 1.8 Summary. 1.9 Questions for Class Discussion. 2 Elements Needed for an R&D Organization. 2.1 People. 2.2 Specialization. 2.3 Staffing. 2.4 Ideas. 2.5 Defects in Human Information Processing. 2.6 Fads in Science. 2.7 Communication Networks. 2.8 The Innovation Process. 2.9 Funds. 2.10 A Culture for R&D Organizations. 2.11 Not-Invented-Here Syndrome. 2.12 Fit of Person and Job. 2.13 Creative Tensions: Managing Antithesis and Ambiguity. 2.14 Develop a Climate of Participation. 2.15 Summary. 2.16 Questions for Class Discussion. 3 Creating a Productive and Effective R&D Organization. 3.1 Organization Effectiveness. 3.2 Who are the Inventors and Innovators? 3.3 Odd Characteristics of Inventors and Innovators. 3.4 Researcher's Relationship with Management and Peers. 3.5 Formation of Teams. 3.6 Generating New Ideas. 3.7 Emphases on Aspects of Organizational Culture. 3.8 Ethos of A Scientific Community. 3.9 Summary. 3.10 Questions for Class Discussion. 4 Job Design and Organizational Effectiveness. 4.1 Job Attributes. 4.2 Physical Location and Communication. 4.3 Career Paths. 4.4 Dual and Triple Hierarchies. 4.5 Centralization and Decentralization. 4.6 Keeping the Researcher at the Innovation Stage. 4.7 Job Design and Conflict. 4.8 Summary. 4.9 Questions for Class Discussion. 5 Influencing People. 5.1 Attitude, Altitude Change. 5.2 Findings from Attitude Research. 5.3 Behavioral Science Division Case. 5.4 Case Analysis. 5.5 Communication Alternatives and Outcomes. 5.6 Summary. 5.7 Questions for Class Discussion. 6 Motivation in R&D Organizations. 6.1 A Model of Human Behavior. 6.2 Changing the Reward System to Support Technical Careers. 6.3 Structuring the Organization for Optimal Communication. 6.4 Rewards and Motivation. 6.5 Reward System Discussion. 6.6 Sense of Control and Community. 6.7 A Federal R&D Laboratory Case. 6.8 Summary. 6.9 Questions for Class Discussion. 7 Dealing with Diversity in R&D Organizations. 7.1 Assimilation and Multiculturalism. 7.2 Understanding Culture. 7.3 Cultural Differences. 7.4 What Happens When People from Different Cultures Work Together? 7.5 Cultural Distance. 7.6 Cultural Intelligence and Related Concepts. 7.7 A Model for Diversity in Groups. 7.8 The Status of Minorities in Work Groups. 7.9 Dealing with People from Different Disciplines, Organizational Levels, and Functions. 7.10 Intercultural Training. 7.11 Summary. 7.12 Questions for a Class Discussion. 8 Leadership in R&D Organizations. 8.1 Identifying Your Leadership Style. 8.2 Theories of Leadership and Leadership Styles. 8.3 Leadership in R&D Organizations. 8.4 R&D Leadership: A Process of Mutual Influence. 8.5 A Leadership-Style Case. 8.6 Leadership in a Creative Research Environment. 8.7 Summary. 8.8 Questions for Class Discussion. 9 Managing Conflict in R&D Organizations. 9.1 Conflict Within Individuals. 9.2 Conflict Between Individuals. 9.3 Conflict Between Groups. 9.4 Intercultural Conflict. 9.5 Personal Styles of Conflict Resolution. 9.6 Unique Issues of Conflict in R&D Organizations. 9.7 Ethics. 9.8 Summary. 9.9 Questions for Class Discussion. 10 Performance Appraisal-Employee Contribution-In R&D Organizations. 10.1 Some Negative Connotations of Performance Appraisal. 10.2 Difficulties with Employee Appraisal. 10.3 Performance Appraisal and the Management System. 10.4 Performance Appraisal and Organizational Stages. 10.5 Performance Appraisal and Organization Productivity. 10.6 Goals of Engineers Versus Scientists. 10.7 Performance Appraisal and Monetary Rewards. 10.8