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The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness
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Susan Schneider is Associate Professor of Philosophy and Cognitive Science at the University of Connecticut, a faculty member in the technology and ethics group at Yale's Interdisciplinary Center for Bioethics and a member at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, NJ. Her work is on the nature of the self and mind, which she examines through issues in philosophy of mind, artificial intelligence (A.I.), metaphysics, astrobiology, epistemology, and neuroscience. She is the author of The Language of Thought: a New Philosophical Direction (2011) and Science Fiction and Philosophy, Second Edition (Wiley Blackwell, 2016), and was responsible for the volume's philosophical content. Max Velmans is Emeritus Professor of Psychology, Goldsmiths, University of London, and has been involved in consciousness studies for over 40 years. He has over 100 publications on this topic including Understanding Consciousness (2000/2009) and Towards a Deeper Understanding of Consciousness (2017). He is a co-founder and former Chair of the Consciousness and Experiential Psychology Section of the British Psychological Society, and was responsible for the volume's scientific content.
Notes on Contributors x Introduction xix Part I The Problems of Consciousness 1 1 A Brief History of the Scientific Approach to the Study of Consciousness 3 Chris D. Frith and Geraint Rees 2 Philosophical Problems of Consciousness 17 Michael Tye 3 The Hard Problem of Consciousness 32 David Chalmers Part II The Origins and Distribution of Consciousness 43 4 Consciousness in Infants 45 Colwyn Trevarthen and Vasudevi Reddy 5 Animal Consciousness 63 Colin Allen and Michael Trestman 6 Rethinking the Evolution of Consciousness 77 Thomas W. Polger 7 Machine Consciousness 93 Igor Aleksander 8 Panpsychism 106 Philip Goff Part III Some Varieties of Conscious Experience 125 9 States of Consciousness: Waking, Sleeping, and Dreaming 127 J. Allan Hobson 10 Affective Consciousness 141 Jaak Panksepp 11 Clinical Pathologies and Unusual Experiences 157 Richard P. Bentall 12 Altered States of Consciousness: Drug ]Induced States 171 David E. Presti 13 Anomalous Experiences 187 Etzel Cardena 14 Mindfulness 203 Peter Malinowski 15 Altered States: Mysticism 217 David Fontana Part IV Some Contemporary Theories of Consciousness 227 16 The Global Workspace Theory of Consciousness: Predictions and Results 229 Bernard J. Baars 17 The Integrated Information Theory of Consciousness: An Outline 243 Giulio Tononi 18 The Intermediate Level Theory of Consciousness 257 Jesse Prinz 19 Representationalism about Consciousness 272 William Seager and David Bourget 20 Higher ]Order Theories of Consciousness 288 Peter Carruthers 21 Quantum Approaches to Brain and Mind: An Overview with Representative Examples 298 Harald Atmanspacher 22 Daniel Dennett on the Nature of Consciousness 314 Susan Schneider 23 Biological Naturalism 327 John Searle 24 Emergentism 337 Gerald Vision 25 Dualism, Reductionism, and Reflexive Monism 349 Max Velmans 26 Naturalistic Dualism 363 David Chalmers 27 Physicalist Panpsychism 374 Galen Strawson Part V Some Major Topics in the Philosophy of Consciousness 391 28 Anti ]materialist Arguments and Influential Replies 393 Joe Levine 29 Physicalism and the Knowledge Argument 404 Torin Alter 30 Type Materialism for Phenomenal Consciousness 415 Brian P. Mclaughlin 31 Functionalism and Qualia 430 Robert Van Gulick 32 The Causal Efficacy of Consciousness 445 Jaegwon Kim 33 The Neurophilosophy of Consciousness 458 Pete Mandik 34 Self ]Consciousness 472 Jose Luis Bermudez 35 Philosophical Psychopathology and Self ]Consciousness 484 G. Lynn Stephens and George Graham 36 Coming Together: The Unity of Consciousness 500 Barry Dainton 37 Consciousness and Intentionality 519 George Graham, Terence Horgan, and John Tienson Part VI Major Topics in the Science of Consciousness 537 Topics in the Cognitive Psychology of Consciousness 38 Studying Consciousness Through Inattentional Blindness, Change Blindness, and the Attentional Blink 539 Michael A. Cohen and Marvin M. Chun 39 Conscious and Unconscious Perception 551 Sid Kouider and Nathan Faivre 40 Conscious and Unconscious Memory 562 John F. Kihlstrom, Jennifer Dorfman, and Lillian Park 41 Consciousness of Action 576 Marc Jeannerod Topics in the Neuroscience of Consciousness 589 42 Methodologies for Identifying the Neural Correlates of Consciousness 591 Geraint Rees and Chris D. Frith 43 Conscious Processing: Unity in Time Rather Than in Space 607 Wolf Singer 44 Integrated Information Theory of Consciousness: Some Ontological Considerations 621 Giulio Tononi 45 Split ]brain Cases 634 Mary (Molly) Colvin, Nicole L. Marinsek, Michael B. Miller, and Michael S. Gazzaniga 46 Duplex Vision: Separate Cortical Pathways for Conscious Perception and the Control of Action 648 Melvyn A. Goodale 47 Altered States of Consciousness after Brain Injury 662 Johan Stender, Steven Laureys, and Olivia Gosseries 48 Anesthesia and Consciousness 682 John F. Kihls