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Introduction to Physical Polymer Science1369
An Updated Edition of the Classic "Text Polymers" constitute the basis for the plastics, rubber, adhesives, fiber, and coating industries. "The Fourth Edition" of "Introduction to Physical Polymer Science" acknowledges the industrial success of polymers and the advancements made in the field while continuing to deliver the comprehensive introduction to polymer science that made its predecessors classic texts. "The Fourth Edition" continues its coverage of amorphous and crystalline materials, glass transitions, rubber elasticity, and mechanical behavior, and offers updated discussions of polymer blends, composites, and interfaces, as well as such basics as molecular weight determination. Thus, interrelationships among molecular structure, morphology, and mechanical behavior of polymers continue to provide much of the value of the book. Newly introduced topics include: Nanocomposites, including carbon nanotubes and exfoliated montmorillonite clays The structure, motions, and functions of DNA and proteins, as well as the interfaces of polymeric biomaterials with living organisms; the glass transition behavior of nano-thin plastic films; and in addition, new sections have been included on fire retardancy, friction and wear, optical tweezers, and more. "Introduction to Physical Polymer Science, Fourth Edition" provides both an essential introduction to the field as well as an entry point to the latest research and developments in polymer science and engineering, making it an indispensable text for chemistry, chemical engineering, materials science and engineering, and polymer science and engineering students and professionals.
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Leslie H Sperling, George Odian
Odian's Principles of Polymerization: The new edition of this classic textbook describes the physical and organic chemistry of the reactions that produce polymers. Three primary features distinguish this book from the competition: 1) each topic is...
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"Anyone in need of a basic text on polymer science would find this to be a very good choice, and it is highly recommended." (IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine, January/February 2007)
Trained as a chemist, L. H. SPERLING is Professor Emeritus of both Chemical Engineering and Materials Science and Engineering at Lehigh University in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. He remains active in consulting, speaking, and writing.
Preface to the Fourth Edition. Preface to the First Edition. Symbols and Definitions. 1. Introduction to Polymer Science. 1.1. From Little Molecules to Big Molecules. 1.2. Molecular Weight and Molecular Weight Distributions. 1.2.1. Effect on Tensile Strength. 1.2.2. Molecular Weight Averages. 1.3. Major Polymer Transitions. 1.4. Polymer Synthesis and Structure. 1.4.1. Chain Polymerization. 126.96.36.199. Free Radical Polymerization. 188.8.131.52. Initiation. 184.108.40.206. Propagation. 220.127.116.11. Termination. 18.104.22.168. Structure and Nomenclature. 1.4.2. Step Polymerization. 22.214.171.124. A Polyester Condensation Reaction. 126.96.36.199. Stepwise Nomenclature and Structures. 188.8.131.52. Natural Product Polymers. 1.5. Cross-Linking, Plasticizers, and Fillers. 1.6. The Macromolecular Hypothesis. 1.7. Historical Development of Industrial Polymers. 1.8. Molecular Engineering. References. General Reading. Handbooks, Encyclopedias, and Dictionaries. Web Sites. Study Problems. Appendix 1.1. Names for Polymers. 2. Chain Structure and Configuration. 2.1. Examples of Configurations and Conformations. 2.1.1. Head-to-Head and Head-to-Tail Configurations. 2.1.2. Trans-Gauche Conformations. 2.2. Theory and Instruments. 2.2.1. Chemical Methods of Determining Microstructure. 2.2.2. General Physical Methods. 2.2.3. Infrared and Raman Spectroscopic Characterization. 2.2.4. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Methods. 2.3. Stereochemistry of Repeating Units. 2.3.1. Chiral Centers. 2.3.2. Tacticity in Polymers. 2.3.3. Meso- and Racemic Placements. 2.3.4. Proton Spectra by NMR. 2.4. Repeating Unit Isomerism. 2.4.1. Optical Isomerism. 2.4.2. Geometric Isomerism. 2.4.3. Substitutional Isomerism. 2.4.4. Infrared and Raman Spectroscopic Characterization. 2.5. Common Types of Copolymers. 2.5.1. Unspecified Copolymers. 2.5.2. Statistical Copolymers. 2.5.3. Random copolymers. 2.5.4. Alternating Copolymers. 2.5.5. Periodic Copolymers. 2.6. NMR in Modern Research. 2.6.1. Dilute Solution Studies: Mer Distribution. 2.6.2. High-Resolution NMR in the Solid State. 2.7. Multicomponent Polymers. 2.7.1. Block Copolymers. 2.7.2. Graft Copolymers. 2.7.3. AB-Cross-linked Copolymers. 2.7.4. Interpenetrating Polymer Networks. 2.7.5. Other Polymer-Polymer Combinations. 2.7.6. Separation and Identification of Multicomponent Polymers. 2.8. Conformational States in Polymers. 2.9. Analysis of Polymers during Mechanical Strain. 2.10. Photophysics of Polymers. 2.10.1. Quenching Phenomena. 2.10.2. Excimer Formation. 2.10.3. Experimental Studies. 184.108.40.206. Microstructure of Polystyrene. 220.127.116.11. Excimer Stability. 2.11. Configuration and Conformation. References. General Reading. Study Problems. Appendix 2.1. Assorted Isomeric and Copolymer Macromolecules. 3. Dilute Solution Thermodynamics, Molecular Weights, and Sizes. 3.1. Introduction. 3.1.1. Polymer Size and Shape. 3.1.2. How Does a Polymer Dissolve?. 3.2. The Solubility Parameter. 3.2.1. Solubility Parameter Tables. 3.2.2. Experimental Determination. 3.2.3. Theoretical Calculation: An Example. 3.3. Thermodynamics of Mixing. 3.3.1. Types of Solutions. 18.104.22.168. The Ideal Solution. 22.214.171.124. Statistical Thermodynamics of Mixing. 126.96.36.199. Other Types of Solutions. 3.3.2. Dilute Solutions. 3.3.3. Values of the Flory-Huggins c1 Parameter. 3.3.4. A Worked Example for the Free Energy of Mixing. 3.4. Molecular Weight Averages. 3.5. Determination of the Number-Average Molecular Weight. 3.5.1. End-Group Analyses. 3.5.2 Colligative Properties. 3.5.3. Osmotic Pressure. 188.8.131.52. Thermodynamic Basis. 184.108.40.206. Instrumentation. 220.127.116.11. The Flory q-Temperature. 3.6. Weight-Average Molecular Weights and Radii of Gyration. 3.6.1. Scattering Theory and Formulations. 3.6.2. The Ap