Mechanical Properties of Ceramics (inbunden)
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Format
Inbunden (Hardback)
Språk
Engelska
Antal sidor
496
Utgivningsdatum
2007-07-01
Upplaga
2nd Edition
Förlag
John Wiley & Sons Inc
Medarbetare
Cannon, W.Roger
Illustrationer
Illustrations
Dimensioner
236 x 157 x 28 mm
Vikt
772 g
Antal komponenter
1
Komponenter
52:B&W 6.14 x 9.21in or 234 x 156mm (Royal 8vo) Case Laminate on White w/Gloss Lam
ISBN
9780471735816
Mechanical Properties of Ceramics (inbunden)

Mechanical Properties of Ceramics

Inbunden Engelska, 2007-07-01
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A Comprehensive and Self-Contained Treatment of the Theory and Practical Applications of Ceramic Materials When failure occurs in ceramic materials, it is often catastrophic, instantaneous, and total. Now in its Second Edition , this important book arms readers with a thorough and accurate understanding of the causes of these failures and how to design ceramics for failure avoidance. It systematically covers: Stress and strain Types of mechanical behavior Strength of defect-free solids Linear elastic fracture mechanics Measurements of elasticity, strength, and fracture toughness Subcritical crack propagation Toughening mechanisms in ceramics Effects of microstructure on toughness and strength Cyclic fatigue of ceramics Thermal stress and thermal shock in ceramics Fractography Dislocation and plastic deformation in ceramics Creep and superplasticity of ceramics Creep rupture at high temperatures and safe life design Hardness and wear And more While maintaining the first edition's reputation for being an indispensable professional resource, this new edition has been updated with sketches, explanations, figures, tables, summaries, and problem sets to make it more student-friendly as a textbook in undergraduate and graduate courses on the mechanical properties of ceramics.
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Övrig information

John B. Wachtman, PHD, was Sosman Professor of Ceramics at Rutgers University in New Jersey. Since he received his degree from the University of Maryland in 1961, he has worked as a research scientist, division chief, and director of the Center for Materials Research at the National Bureau of Standards. Dr. Wachtman is the author of several books and holds many awards, honors, and offices in various scientific societies. W. Roger Cannon, PHD, is Professor Emeritus of Materials Science and Engineering at Rutgers University. He was previously on the research staff of MIT's Ceramic Processing Laboratory after receiving his PhD from Stanford University. His interests include mechanical properties, especially creep, sintering, and tape casting. M. John Matthewson, PHD, is Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at Rutgers University. His research interests include the mechanical properties and reliability of materials and, in particular, of optical fiber and fiber components. He also works on computational modeling of various materials-related issues, including processing, sintering, and lifetime calculations.

Innehållsförteckning

Preface. Acknowledgments. 1 Stress and Strain. 1.1 Introduction. 1.2 Tensor Notation for Stress. 1.3 Stress in Rotated Coordinate System. 1.4 Principal Stress. 1.4.1 Principal Stresses in Three Dimensions. 1.5 Stress Invariants. 1.6 Stress Deviator. 1.7 Strain. 1.8 True Stress and True Strain. 1.8.1 True Strain. 1.8.2 True Stress. Problems. 2 Types of Mechanical Behavior. 2.1 Introduction. 2.2 Elasticity and Brittle Fracture. 2.3 Permanent Deformation. 3 Elasticity. 3.1 Introduction. 3.2 Elasticity of Isotropic Bodies. 3.3 Reduced Notation for Stresses, Strains, and Elastic Constants. 3.4 Effect of Symmetry on Elastic Constants. 3.5 Orientation Dependence of Elastic Moduli in Single Crystals and Composites. 3.6 Values of Polycrystalline Moduli in Terms of Single-Crystal Constants. 3.7 Variation of Elastic Constants with Lattice Parameter. 3.8 Variation of Elastic Constants with Temperature. 3.9 Elastic Properties of Porous Ceramics. 3.10 Stored Elastic Energy. Problems. 4 Strength of Defect-Free Solids. 4.1 Introduction. 4.2 Theoretical Strength in Tension. 4.3 Theoretical Strength in Shear. Problems. 5 Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics. 5.1 Introduction. 5.2 Stress Concentrations. 5.3 Griffith Theory of Fracture of a Brittle Solid. 5.4 Stress at Crack Tip: An Estimate. 5.5 Crack Shape in Brittle Solids. 5.6 Irwin Formulation of Fracture Mechanics: Stress Intensity Factor. 5.7 Irwin Formulation of Fracture Mechanics: Energy Release Rate. 5.8 Some Useful Stress Intensity Factors. 5.9 The J Integral. 5.10 Cracks with Internal Loading. 5.11 Failure under Multiaxial Stress. Problems. 6 Measurements of Elasticity, Strength, and Fracture Toughness. 6.1 Introduction. 6.2 Tensile Tests. 6.3 Flexure Tests. 6.4 Double-Cantilever-Beam Test. 6.5 Double-Torsion Test. 6.6 Indentation Test. 6.7 Biaxial Flexure Testing. 6.8 Elastic Constant Determination Using Vibrational and Ultrasonic Methods. Problems. 7 Statistical Treatment of Strength. 7.1 Introduction. 7.2 Statistical Distributions. 7.3 Strength Distribution Functions. 7.4 Weakest Link Theory. 7.5 Determining Weibull Parameters. 7.6 Effect of Specimen Size. 7.7 Adaptation to Bend Testing. 7.8 Safety Factors. 7.9 Example of Safe Stress Calculation. 7.10 Proof Testing. 7.11 Use of Pooled Fracture Data in Linear Regression Determination of Weibull Parameters. 7.12 Method of Maximum Likelihood in Weibull Parameter Estimation. 7.13 Statistics of Failure under Multiaxial Stress. 7.14 Effects of Slow Crack Propagation and R-Curve Behavior on Statistical Distributions of Strength. 7.15 Surface Flaw Distributions and Multiple Flaw Distributions. Problems. 8 Subcritical Crack Propagation. 8.1 Introduction. 8.2 Observed Subcritical Crack Propagation. 8.3 Crack Velocity Theory and Molecular Mechanism. 8.4 Time to Failure under Constant Stress. 8.5 Failure under Constant Stress Rate. 8.6 Comparison of Times to Failure under Constant Stress and Constant Stress Rate. 8.7 Relation of Weibull Statistical Parameters with and without Subcritical Crack Growth. 8.8 Construction of Strength-Probability-Time Diagrams. 8.9 Proof Testing to Guarantee Minimum Life. 8.10 Subcritical Crack Growth and Failure from Flaws Originating from Residual Stress Concentrations. 8.11 Slow Crack Propagation at High Temperature. Problems. 9 Stable Crack Propagation and R -Curve Behavior. 9.1 Introduction. 9.2 R-Curve (T-Curve) Concept. 9.3 R-Curve Effects of Strength Distributions. 9.4 Effect of R Curve on Subcritical Crack Growth. Problems. 10 Overview of Toughening Mechanisms in Ceramics. 10.1 Introduction. 10.2 Toughening by Crack Deflection. 10.3 Toughening by Crack Bowing. 10.4 General Remarks on Crack Tip Shielding. 11 Effect of Microstructure on Toughness and Strength. 11.1 Introduction. 11.2 Fracture Modes in Polycrystalline Ceramics. 11.3 Crystalline Anisotropy in Polycrystalline Ceramics. 11.4 Effect of Grain Size on Toughness. 11.5 Natural Flaws in Polycrystalline Ceramics. 11.6 Effect of