Mercantilism in a Japanese Domain (inbunden)
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Cambridge University Press
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Mercantilism in a Japanese Domain (inbunden)

Mercantilism in a Japanese Domain

The Merchant Origins of Economic Nationalism in 18th-Century Tosa

Inbunden Engelska, 1998-09-01
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This book explores the historical roots of economic nationalism within Japan. By examining how mercantilist thought developed in the eighteenth-century domain of Tosa, the author shows how economic ideas were generated within the domains. During the Edo period (1600-1867), Japan was divided into over 230 realms, many of which developed into competitive states that struggled to reduce the dominance of the shogun's economy. The seventeenth-century Japanese economy was based on samurai notions of service and a rhetoric of political economy which centred on the lord and the samurai class. This 'economy of service', however, led to crises of deforestation and land degradation, government fiscal insolvency and increasingly corrupt tax levies, and finally a loss of faith in government. Commoners led the response with a mercantilist strategy of protection and development of the commercial economy. They resisted the economy of service by creating a new economic rhetoric which decentred the lord, imagined the domain as an economic country, and gave merchants a public worth and identity unknown in Confucian economic thought.
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  • Performing the Great Peace

    Luke S Roberts

    This volume offers a cultural approach to understanding the politics of the Tokugawa period, at the same time deconstructing some of the assumptions of modern national historiographies. Deploying the political terms uchi (inside), omote (ritual in...

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"This book greatly contributes toward an improved analysis and understanding of the real socio-economic conditions of later Tokugawa Japan, the polity of which differed from that of China and Korea. It clarifies the non-Confucian characteristics of economic thought, revealing the comparability between Japan and European countries. Anyone interested in economic nationalism could learn much from this definitive and brilliant work." Teiichiro Fujita, Doshisha University, Kyoto

"This book presents a very attractive description of the historical roots of economic nationalism, and is also the most original and comprehensive description of the petition box in Japan that I have ever read. I believe this book will have a big influence on the research of Japanese scholars in the fields of the political, economic and legal history of premodern Japan." Yuichi Ohira, Ritsumeikan University

"Drawing on a conception of the Tokugawa political economy as a "multi-state'system, Luke Roberts investigates the origins of the mercantilist notion of production and export for "the profit of the country" (kokueki) that pervaded many domains of Tokugawa Japan by the early nineteenth century. Focusing on the important and perhaps pivotal domain of Tosa, he shows that mercantilist ideas originated not with samurai policy after the mid-eighteenth century as Japanese scholars have consistently argued, but in "bottom-up" initiatives from the merchant class that began decades earlier. These original and persuasive arguments are woven lucidly into a larger picture that both synthesizes and epitomizes the best of a new wave of innovative scholarship on the political and economic history of Japan from Tokugawa to Meiji." Henry D. Smith,II, Columbia University

"Luke Roberts' research is at the cutting edge of scholarship on Tokugawa Japan. His analysis of the formation of economic policy in an eighteenth-century domain has important consequences for consideration of class dynamics, political consciousness, and proto-nationalism in early modern Japan." Marius Jansen, Princeton University

"This book traces the relationship between the polity and the economy in Tokugawa Japan by focusing on Tosa, a large domain on the island of Shikoku fronting the Pacific Ocean. It demonstrates that the rhetoric of national prosperity, as well as specific proposals for implementing it, were the result of bottom-up initiatives more than top-down directive. This restoring the commoner voice to debates on economic and political policy is an important contribution to our understanding of early modern Japan and a highly significant achievement." Anne Walthall, University of California at Irvine

"In particular, this book sees an important mechanism of communication in the petition box, an institution that has been completely ignored in English-language scholarship and often slighted in Japanese. its analysis of the role it played, not just in Tosa, but across Ja...

Bloggat om Mercantilism in a Japanese Domain


1. Introduction; 2. The geography and politics of seventeenth-century Tosa; 3. Creating a crisis in Tosa; 4. The decline and restoration of domain finances; 5. Voices from the 1750s: Tosa's petition box; 6. Imagined economies: merchants and samurais; 7. Declining service; 8. Cooking up a country: sugar, eggs, and gunpowder, 1759-1868; 9. Conclusion.