Thomas Bernhard was born in the Netherlands to Austrian parents in 1931. He was raised in Austria and studied dramatic arts at Mozarteum University in Salzburg. His writing first appeared in newspapers in the early 1950s, and he published his first book, a poetry collection, in 1957. His first novel, Frost, was published in 1963, and his first full-length play, A Party for Boris, premiered in 1970. In total he published nine novels, five autobiographical stories, around ten short story collections, eighteen plays and five volumes of poetry. His works were awarded numerous German and European literary prizes. He died in Austria in 1989. Bernhard is one of the most widely translated and admired European writers. Anne Enright (b. 1962) is an Irish author who has published novels, short stories, essays, and one work of non-fiction. A Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature, her novel The Gathering won the 2007 Man Booker Prize, and she has also been awarded the Rooney Prize for Irish Literature, the Encore Award, and Irish Novel of the Year. Her most recent novel is The Green Road which won the Irish Novel of the Year 2015, was shortlisted for the Bailey's Women's Prize for Fiction 2016 and the Costa Novel Award 2015, and was longlisted for the 2015 Man Booker Prize.