Philosophy of Nature (häftad)
Häftad (Paperback / softback)
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Polity Press
228 x 158 x 25 mm
444 g
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Philosophy of Nature (häftad)

Philosophy of Nature

Häftad Engelska, 2018-09-07
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Philosopher, physicist, and anarchist Paul Feyerabend was one of the most unconventional scholars of his time. His book Against Method has become a modern classic. Yet it is not well known that Feyerabend spent many years working on a philosophy of nature that was intended to comprise three volumes covering the period from the earliest traces of stone age cave paintings to the atomic physics of the 20th century - a project that, as he conveyed in a letter to Imre Lakatos, almost drove him nuts: "Damn the, Naturphilosophie." The book's manuscript was long believed to have been lost. Recently, however, a typescript constituting the first volume of the project was unexpectedly discovered at the University of Konstanz. In this volume Feyerabend explores the significance of myths for the early period of natural philosophy, as well as the transition from Homer's "aggregate universe" to Parmenides' uniform ontology. He focuses on the rise of rationalism in Greek antiquity, which he considers a disastrous development, and the associated separation of man from nature. Thus Feyerabend explores the prehistory of science in his familiar polemical and extraordinarily learned manner. The volume contains numerous pictures and drawings by Feyerabend himself. It also contains hitherto unpublished biographical material that will help to round up our overall image of one of the most influential radical philosophers of the twentieth century.
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'Feyerabend was definitely one of the great thinkers of twentieth century philosophy.' Philosophy Now "Feyerabend famously quipped that the only rule of method is that anything goes. Philosophy of Nature sheds light on his transition from critical rationalist to epistemological anarchist. Ranging from Stonehenge and Homer to Bohr and Einstein, the book creatively explores the relations of mythological thought to philosophy and science."Howard Sankey, University of Melbourne"In this book, we can see another side of this multi-faceted figure: Feyerabend as a historical philosopher of nature and as an analyst of the development of ancient Greek philosophy. This puts some of his apparently outrageous positions into perspective and reveals their sometimes quite sophisticated background."Paul Hoyningen-Huene, Leibniz Universitat Hannover

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Övrig information

Paul Feyerabend (1924-1994) was Professor of Philosophy at the University of California, Berkeley.


Paul Feyerabend, an Historical Philosopher of Nature vii Editorial Notes xxviii Paul Feyerabend: Philosophy of Nature 1 Preliminary Note 3 1. Presuppositions of Myths, and the Knowledge of their Inventors 5 1.1. Stone Age Art and Knowledge of Nature 9 1.2. Megalithic Astronomy (Stonehenge) 15 1.3. Critique of Primitivist Interpretations of the Prehistoric Era 22 1.4. The Dynamic Worldview of Stone Age Humans 26 2. The Structure and Function of Myths 34 2.1. Theories of Myth 36 2.2. The Theory of Nature Myths and Structuralism 46 3. Homer's Aggregate Universe 50 3.1. The Paratactic World of Archaic Art 51 3.2. Worldview and Knowledge in Homer's Epics 65 3.3. Views of Reality and the Language of Science: Some Basic Considerations 77 4. Transition to an Explicitly Conceptual Approach to Nature 87 4.1. The New World of the Philosophers: Advantages and Disadvantages 91 4.2. Historical Factors for the Emergence of Philosophy 96 4.3. Predecessors in Hesiod's and Oriental Cosmogonies 104 5. Philosophy of Nature through Parmenides 113 5.1. Hesiod and Anaximander: Changing Worldviews 114 5.2. Xenophanes: Critic of Religion and Epistemologist 134 5.3. Parmenides: The Origins of Western Philosophy of Nature 147 6. Western Philosophy of Nature from Aristotle to Bohr 158 6.1. Aristotle's Research Program 159 6.2. Descartes: The Mathematical Approach to Nature 169 6.3. Galileo, Bacon, Agrippa: Empiricism without Foundations 173 6.4. Hegel: The Dynamics of Concepts 185 6.5. Newton, Leibniz, Mach: Problems of Mechanism 192 6.6. Einstein, Bohr, Bohm: Signs of a New Era 197 7. Conclusion 205 Paul Feyerabend: Previously Unpublished Documents 209 Letter to Jack J. C. Smart, December 1963 211 Preparation (Request for a Sabbatical, 1977) 220 Report on 1980 Sabbatical 232 Bibliography 235 Index 250