Public Universities and Regional Growth (häftad)
Format
Häftad (Paperback / softback)
Språk
Engelska
Antal sidor
267
Utgivningsdatum
2014-06-18
Förlag
Stanford University Press
Medarbetare
Kenney, Martin (gen. ed.)/Mowery, David C. (gen. ed.)/Kenney, Martin (gen. ed.)/Mowery, David C. (gen. ed.)
Illustrationer
black & white illustrations
Dimensioner
228 x 127 x 19 mm
Vikt
362 g
Antal komponenter
1
Komponenter
2:B&W 6 x 9 in or 229 x 152 mm Perfect Bound on Creme w/Gloss Lam
ISBN
9780804791359
Public Universities and Regional Growth (häftad)

Public Universities and Regional Growth

Insights from the University of California

Häftad Engelska, 2014-06-18
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Public Universities and Regional Growth examines evolutions in research and innovation at six University of California campuses. Each chapter presents a deep, historical analysis that traces the dynamic interaction between particular campuses and regional firms in industries that range from biotechnology, scientific instruments, and semiconductors, to software, wine, and wireless technologies.The book provides a uniquely comprehensive and cohesive look at the University of California's complex relationships with regional entrepreneurs. As a leading public institution, the UC is an examplar for other institutions of higher education at a time when the potential and value of these universities is under scrutiny. Any yet, by recent accounts, public research universities performed nearly 70% of all academic research and approximately 60% of federally funded R&D in the United States. Thoughtful and distinctive, Public Universities and Regional Growth illustrates the potential for universities to drive knowledge-based growth while revealing the California system as a uniquely powerful engine for innovation across its home state.
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"Through a series of scholarly studies, Kenney and Mowery present an introspective and in-depth study detailing the unique, symbiotic relationship between research and innovation on the California campuses and regional entrepreneurs and global industries. From agricultural developments to wireless technologies, this volume traces the evolutionary dynamism that characterizes the success of the California system in creating and encouraging a unique academic environment-one in which the potential for innovation, both statewide and global, has become an intrinsic part of the campuses' research culture. Each of the book's brief chapters examines one of the system's campuses, detailing comprehensively the historical development and contemporary impact of their transformation into institutions of applied research and powerful technological innovators. For academic researchers and business leaders, this distinctive study is not only an important review of one of America's leading public university systems, but also an excellent example of the ways in which unaffiliated institutions can enhance the value of research initiatives and create their own academic-industry partnerships . . . Highly recommended." -- S. R. Kahn "Very few scholars understand the commercial application of university science as well as Martin Kenney and David Mowery; they were among the first to analyze how critical technology transfer is for economic growth. To have these leaders of the field team up to edit a sterling collection of studies of university-industry relations in the University of California system is not only an intellectual treat, it is also a valuable service for those who want to manage the process more effectively." -- Walter W. Powell * Stanford University * "In sum, the pattern of university-industry interaction depicted in these case studies underscores the diverse and complex channels through which research flows between the two, with the university research community frequently benefiting from key innovations and research funding provided by geographic clusters of local industry . . . Collectively, these chapters caution against relying on static causal theories and explanations of the pattern of university-industry interaction and underline the importance of temporal sequencing and geographic specificity for the way individual campuses in the UC system contributed to the development of regional economic clusters across the state. In so doing, they provide an evolutionary geographic perspective on processes of economic development that is frequently absent from studies of university-industry relations." -- David Wolfe * <i>Economic Georgraphy</i> * "There are many myths about the role modern research universities play in industrial innovation. This is the most detailed and informative study on this subject to date. It illuminates the complex reality at work and is a must-read for anyone interested in this topic." -- Richard R. Nelson, Director, Columbia Earth Institute Program on Science, Technology

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Övrig information

Martin Kenney is Professor of Community and Regional Development at the University of California at Davis and Senior Project Director at the Berkeley Roundtable on the International Economy. He is the Editor of the Stanford University Press Innovation and Technology in the World Economy series.David C. Mowery is William A. & Betty H. Hasler Professor Emeritus of New Enterprise Development at the Walter A. Haas School of Business at UC Berkeley. He is co-author of Ivory Tower and Industrial Innovation.

Innehållsförteckning

Public Universities and Regional Growth: Insights from the University of CaliforniaAuthor(s): Edited by Martin Kenney and David C. Mowery book abstractThis volume examines the evolution of university-industry relationships in research and innovation at six campuses of the University of California system, ranging from viticulture to computer science. This collection of studies enriches our understanding of the dynamics of university-industry relationships and regional economic development. Each chapter contains a historical analysis of the evolution of academic and industrial research, innovation, and regional development in specific research fields. The chapters provide a richer characterization of the bidirectional flow of individuals, ideas, and resources between industrial and academic research and innovation than appears in empirical analyses that rely on patenting, article citations, and licensing. The book's discussion of university-industry interactions at a leading public U.S. research university system adds to the literature on such private U.S. universities as Stanford and MIT and illustrates the heterogeneous relationships that have evolved at different UC campuses. The coverage of research fields is broader than recent historical studies, many of which have concentrated primarily on biotechnology or the life sciences generally. 1Introduction chapter abstractThis volume examines the evolution of university-industry relationships in research and innovation at six campuses of the University of California system, ranging from viticulture to computer science. This collection of studies enriches our understanding of the dynamics of university-industry relationships and regional economic development in several ways. First, each chapter relies on historical analysis of the evolution of academic and industrial research, innovation, and regional development in specific fields of research. This provides a richer characterization of the interactive relationship between industrial and academic research and innovation than appears in many empirical analyses that focus mainly on patenting, article citations, and licensing. Second, the coverage of research fields is broader than recent historical studies, many of which have concentrated primarily on biotechnology or the life sciences generally. The cases illustrate the bidirectional nature of much technology transfer. 2Semiconductor Innovation and Entrepreneurship at Three University of California Campuses chapter abstractUC Berkeley, UCLA, and UC Santa Barbara developed close relations with California-based semiconductor corporations. The solid state electronics program at UC Berkeley grew in close contact with semiconductor firms in Silicon Valley and contributed new and often successful start-ups, as well as a considerable amount of technology, know-how, and engineering talent to this high-tech cluster. Engineers working on semiconductors at UCLA drew on the resources offered by large defense corporations located in Southern California and established a major fabless firm, Broadcom, specializing in broadband microchips. Finally, the compound semiconductor specialists at UC Santa Barbara benefited from the presence of Hughes in the area. They later established innovative start-ups focusing on lasers and light-emitting diodes in their region and in Silicon Valley. 3The University of California and the Evolution of the Biotechnology Industry in San Diego and the San Francisco Bay Area chapter abstractBiotechnology has emerged as a leading high-technology industry within the state of California. The origins and growth of biotechnology in California are strongly tied to the University of California (UC). This chapter examines the early history of biotechnology in the San Francisco and San Diego regions, exploring commercialization processes linking UC San Francisco and UC San Diego to an early company in each cluster, Genentech and Hybritech, respectively. The chap