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Exile within Exiles
James N GreenInbunden
Twilight of Democracy
We Cannot Remain Silent
Opposition to the Brazilian Military Dictatorship in the United States289Skickas inom 7-10 vardagar.
Fri frakt inom Sverige för privatpersoner.In 1964, Brazil's democratically elected, left-wing government was ousted in a coup and replaced by a military junta. The Johnson administration quickly recognized the new government. The U.S. press and members of Congress were nearly unanimous in their support of the "revolution" and the coup leaders' anticommunist agenda. Few Americans were aware of the human rights abuses perpetrated by Brazil's new regime. By 1969, a small group of academics, clergy, Brazilian exiles, and political activists had begun to educate the American public about the violent repression in Brazil and mobilize opposition to the dictatorship. By 1974, most informed political activists in the United States associated the Brazilian government with its torture chambers. In We Cannot Remain Silent, James N. Green analyzes the U.S. grassroots activities against torture in Brazil, and the ways those efforts helped to create a new discourse about human-rights violations in Latin America. He explains how the campaign against Brazil's dictatorship laid the groundwork for subsequent U.S. movements against human rights abuses in Chile, Uruguay, Argentina, and Central America.Green interviewed many of the activists who educated journalists, government officials, and the public about the abuses taking place under the Brazilian dictatorship. Drawing on those interviews and archival research from Brazil and the United States, he describes the creation of a network of activists with international connections, the documentation of systematic torture and repression, and the cultivation of Congressional allies and the press. Those efforts helped to expose the terror of the dictatorship and undermine U.S. support for the regime. Against the background of the political and social changes of the 1960s and 1970s, Green tells the story of a decentralized, international grassroots movement that effectively challenged U.S. foreign policy.
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"James N. Green provides a volume that in itself is an exemplar of historical presentation in that he provides multiple perspectives. He also created innovative narrative strategies that carry the reader along with pleasure through a long and richly detailed history." -- Edward L. Cleary * A Contracorriente * "For American audiences who ask why Brazil matters, Brown University history professor James N. Green answers with an extensive study of a country ruled by law absent of habeas corpus and filled with unspeakable torture. Green highlights both the U.S. government's complicity in the 1964 coup that overthrew a reform-minded president and the decades long efforts of American activists and Brazilian exiles to unmask the horror." -- John Pantalone * Providence Journal * "We Cannot Remain Silent is an important contribution to Brazilian scholarship. . . . Yet its value goes well beyond the field of Brazilian history. Green's study reminds Latin Americanists of the importance of looking beyond the geographical boundaries of authoritarian nation-states when analyzing opposition movements. For U.S. scholars, his work provides insight into an oft-overlooked aspect of American responses to military regimes in Latin America. . . . Green's balanced integration of scholarship and resources from both Brazil and the United States provides a useful model for transnational history. . . . Various contributions make Green's work an important and enjoyable study for scholars throughout the Americas." -- Colin Michael Snider * H-LatAm, H-Net Reviews * "We Cannot Remain Silent is an important book that deserves to be read by a wide audience. Human rights activists, Latin American specialists, and students of U.S. foreign relations can learn much from Green's analysis of the campaign to end human rights abuses in Brazil. This book makes a strong case that global social activism can make a difference in ways that are sometimes unpredictable and hard to fathom except in retrospect." -- Stephen M. Streeter * Journal of American History * "We Cannot Remain Silent makes a substantial contribution, both methodologically and theoretically, to understanding the role of aesthetics and emotions in framing and resource mobilization processes. It is also an important example of the use of oral histories in studying the construction of activist identities. In addition, the book provides methodological elements in the analysis of affinity networks and frame convergence that can be used in other social movement case studies." -- Ana Margarida Esteves * Mobilization * "We Cannot Remain Silent provides a new understanding of the development of human rights discourses in Brazil and the Americas. Working with a range of sources, both oral and written, James N. Green shows how a small group of activists in the educational and religious spheres successfully created a transnational space for changing U.S. policy toward Brazil's military dictatorship and, with it, the systematic torture of political activists. This book challenges the traditional understanding of political opposition in Latin America during the sixties and seventies. In doing so, We Cannot Remain Silent opens up new methodological vistas toward all post-World War II dictatorships."-Jeffrey Lesser, author of A Discontented Diaspora: Japanese Brazilians and the Meanings of Ethnic Militancy, 1960-1980 "We Cannot Remain Silent is the most complete and comprehensive analysis ever made of the multiple paths and confluences among the political and cultural resistance in Brazil and the United States after the military coup d'etat in Brazil in 1964. Based on new sources and a broad range of interviews, James N. Green reveals unexpected coalitions, introduces new actors, and tells fascinating human stories. His book is obligatory reading and a tool for reaching the truth about the background of torture and political killings carried out during twe
James N. Green is Professor of Brazilian History and Culture at Brown University and past president of the Brazilian Studies Association. He is the editor of Lina Penna Sattamini's A Mother's Cry: A Memoir of Politics, Prison, and Torture under the Brazilian Military Dictatorship, also published by Duke University Press, and the author of Beyond Carnival: Male Homosexuality in Twentieth-Century Brazil.
About the Series ix Acknowledgments xi Introduction: Tropical Delights and Torture Chambers, or Imagining Brazil in the United States Prologo "Era um pais subdesenvolvido" 13 1. Revolution and Counterrevolution in Brazil 19 Capitulo I "A gente quer ter voz ativa" 49 2. The Birth of a Movement 55 Capitulo II "Caminhando e cantando e seguindo a cancao" 77 3. The World Turned Upside Down 85 Capitulo III "Agora falando serio" 107 4. Defending Artistic and Academic Freedom 115 Capitulo IV "Acorda amor" 137 5. The Campaign against Torture 143 Capitulo V "Vai meu irmao" 167 6. Latin Americanists Take a Stand 177 Capitulo VI "Pode me prender, pode me bater" 197 7. Human Rights and the Organization of American States 201 Capitulo VII "Fado tropical" 225 8. Congressional Questioning 233 Capitulo VIII "While my eyes go looking for flying saucers in the sky" 255 9. Denouncing the Dictatorship 259 Capitulo IX "Navegar e preciso" 291 10. Performing Opposition 293 Capitulo X "Quem e essa mulhar" 315 11. The Slow-Motion Return to Democracy 321 Capitulo XI "Amanha ha de ser outro dia" 355 Conclusions: Making a Difference 359 Notes 367 Bibliography 411 Index 431