Organic Mechanochemistry and Its Practical Applications (inbunden)
Inbunden (Hardback)
Antal sidor
illustrated ed
CRC Press Inc
44 Illustrations, black and white
236 x 162 x 17 mm
413 g
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Organic Mechanochemistry and Its Practical Applications (inbunden)

Organic Mechanochemistry and Its Practical Applications

Inbunden Engelska, 2006-03-01
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Organic Mechanochemistry and Its Practical Applications gathers physical and organic chemistry-based molecular principles, evolving interpretations of scientific data, and real world applications to demonstrate the synthetic advantages of mechanically initiated organic reactions. This book considers transformations of organic substances upon mechanical actions and explains how mechanical energy is transformed into chemical driving force. The author, a renowned expert in physical and organic chemistry, carefully examines the concurrent chemical and physical processes-particularly polymerization and dynamic shearing-that involve organic substances and inorganic surfaces during lubrication. Dr. Todres discusses the various factors that affect boundary lubrication, such as material properties, chemical reactivity, pressure, and temperature. The book describes conformational transformations and structural phase transitions of organic molecules and working materials that take place under mechanical forces, such as drilling, grinding, friction, and shearing, and shock-waves. Other key topics include mechanochromism, tribopolymerization, mechanical activation of organic reactions, and the peculiarities of catalytic effects in organic mechanochemistry. Throughout the text, the author highlights novel technical applications of mechanochemical phenomena in a variety of fields, including lubrication, biomedical engineering, pharmaceutical drug formulation, environmental protection, and practical economy. Organic Mechanochemistry and Its Practical Applications reveals how mechanochemistry was inspired by principles in various disciplines to create innovative approaches for current challenges in these fields.
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SPECIFICITY OF ORGANIC REACTIVITY ON MECHANICAL ACTIVATION Introduction Subatomic Results of Mechanical Activation General Grounds of Mechanically-Induced Organic Reactions Relations between Organic Material Properties and Mechanical Effects Conclusion References MECHANOCHROMISM OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS Introduction Mechanically-Induced Luminescence Coloration as a Result of Radical Ion Generation on Milling Bond-Breaking Mechanochromism Spectral Changes as a Result of Mechanically-Induced Reorganization of Crystal Packing Spectral Changes as a Result of Mechanically-Induced Structural Phase Transition Conclusion References ORGANIC REACTIONS WITHIN LUBRICATING LAYERS Introduction Reactions of Lubricating Materials with Triboemitted Electrons Boundary Lubrication and Chemisorption Warming Effect on Lubricants upon Friction "Solvency" and Reactivity of Base Oils Chemical Origins of Additive Synergism-Antagonism Molecular Mechanisms of Dry-Sliding Lubrication Conclusion References MECHANICALLY-INDUCED ORGANIC REACTIONS Introduction Mechanochemically-Initiated Polymerization, Depolymerization, and Mechanolysis Representative Examples of Mechanically-Induced Organic Reactions Mechanochemical Approaches to Fullerene Reactivity Mechanically-Induced Reactions of Peptides and Proteins Formation of Molecular Complexes Mechanical Initiation of Intermolecular Electron Transfer and Intramolecular Electron Redistribution Mechanically-Induced Conformational Transition of Organic Compounds Conclusion References MECHANICALLY-INDUCED PHASE TRANSITION AND LAYER ARRANGEMENT Introduction Liquid Crystals Polymers Pressure-Induced Phase Transition Conclusion References NANO- AND BIOLUBRICATION Introduction Antifriction and Antiwear Nanolayers Biotribology Conclusion References CONCLUDING REMARKS AND HORIZONS Introduction Mechanochromism and Information Recording Lubricity Mechanism and Lubricant Design Specific Synthetic Opportunities of Solvent-Free Reactions Regularities in Mechanical Activation of Organic Reactions Organic Mechanochemistry and Bioengineering Examples of Innovations at the Border of Organic Mechanochemistry References