Hybrid Actors (häftad)
Häftad (Paperback / softback)
Antal sidor
The Century Foundation
Mansour, Renad (förf)
226 x 150 x 13 mm
295 g
Antal komponenter

Hybrid Actors

Armed Groups and State Fragmentation in the Middle East

Häftad,  Engelska, 2019-12-30
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Influential armed groups continue to confound policymakers, diplomats, and analysts decades after their transformational arrival on the scene in the Middle East and North Africa. The most effective of these militias can most usefully be understood as hybrid actors, which simultaneously work through, with, and against the state.This joint report from The Century Foundation identifies the factors that make some hybrid actors persistent and successful, as measured by longevity, influence, and ability to project power militarily as well as politically. It finds that three factors correlate most closely with impact: constituent loyalty, resilient state relationships, and coherent ideology. The authors of this report examined cases in Lebanon, Syria, and Iraq, drawing on years of fieldwork, to distinguish hybrid actors, classic nonstate proxies, and aspirants to statehood all of which merit different analytical and policy treatment. The report demonstrates the ways that groups can shift along a spectrum as they adapt to changing conditions.
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Övrig information

Thanassis Cambanis is a senior fellow at The Century Foundation who specializes in the Middle East and U.S. foreign policy. His most recent book, Once Upon A Revolution: An Egyptian Story (Simon and Schuster: 2015), chronicles Egyptian efforts to create a new political order.Michael Wahid Hanna is a senior fellow at The Century Foundation and an adjunct senior fellow at the Center of Law and Security at New York University School of Law. He works on issues of international security, international law, and U.S. foreign policy in the Middle East and South Asia.