Parties and Party Systems (häftad)
Häftad (Paperback / softback)
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2 Revised edition
ECPR Press
Mair, Peter
1, black & white illustrations
235 x 155 x 30 mm
690 g
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Parties and Party Systems (häftad)

Parties and Party Systems

A Framework for Analysis

Häftad Engelska, 2005-04-01
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In this rich and broad-ranging volume, Giovanni Sartori outlines what is now recognised to be the most comprehensive and authoritative approach to the classification of party systems. He also offers an extensive review of the concept and rationale of the political party, and develops a sharp critique of various spatial models of party competition. This is political science at its best - combining the intelligent use of theory with sophisticated analytic arguments, and grounding all of this on a substantial cross-national empirical base. Parties and Party Systems is one of the classics of postwar political science, and is now established as the foremost work in its field.
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Sartori particularly strong on conceptualisation, is insistent on the need for precision and consistency in the use of terms, and carefully distinguishes parties from factions, movements, and pressure groups.... The pay-off from the framework is seen in the brilliant exposition where the number of parties, moderated by ideology, is related to a wide array of characteristics of political systems... Sartori's book is a major contribution to the studies of comparative politics and political concepts, written with a remarkable feel for the English language. -- Dennis Kavanagh

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Giovanni Sartori was born in Florence, Italy, in 1924, and was appointed Professor of Political Science at the University of Florence in 1963. He has been a visiting Professor at Harvard and Yale, and in 1976 he succeeded Gabriel Almond as Professor of Political Science at Stanford. In 1979 he was appointed Albert Schweitzer Professor in the Humanities at Columbia University, New York, where he is now Professor Emeritus. Sartori is the author of numerous books across a range of fields in political theory and comparative politics, including Parties and Party Systems (1976), The Theory of Democracy Revisited (2 volumes, 1990), and Comparative Constitutional Engineering (2nd ed, 1997). His most recent books are Homo Videns (2nd ed, 2000), Pluralismo, Multiculturalismo, Estranei (2nd ed, 2002), and Mala Tempora (2004), which has been a bestseller in Italy. In 2005, Parties and Party Systems was also published in a Chinese translation.


contents Tables and Figures vii Abbreviations ix New preface by the author xi Introduction by Peter Mair xiii Preface xxi PART ONE: THE RATIONALE: WHY PARTIES? 1 Chapter one: The party as part 3 1. From faction to party 3 2. Pluralism 12 3. Responsible and responsive government 16 4. A rationalisation 21 Chapter two: The party as whole 35 1. No-party versus one-party 35 2. The party-state system 38 3. One-party pluralism 42 Chapter three: The preliminary framework 50 1. Channelment, communication, expression 50 2. The minimal definition 52 3. An overview 57 Chapter four: The party from within 63 1. Fractions, factions, and tendencies 63 2. A scheme of analysis 66 3. Southern politics: `Factions' without parties? 72 4. Italy and Japan: Fractions within parties 78 5. The structure of opportunities 82 6. From party to faction 92 PART TWO: PARTY SYSTEMS Chapter five: The numerical criterion 105 1. The issue 105 2. Rules for counting 107 3. A two-dimensional mapping 110 Chapter six: Competitive systems 116 1. Polarised pluralism 116 2. Testing the cases 128 3. Moderate pluralism and segmented societies 154 4. Twoparty systems 164 5. Predominant-party systems 171 Chapter seven: Non-competitive systems 193 1. Where competition ends 193 2. Single party 197 3. Hegemonic party 204 Chapter eight: Fluid polities and quasi-parties 217 1. Methodological cautions 217 2. The African labyrinth 221 3. Ad hoc categorising 226 4. The boomerang effect 236 Chapter nine: The overall framework 243 1. System change, continuum, and discontinuities 243 2. Mapping function and explanatory power 251 3. From classification to measurement 261 4. Measuring relevance 267 5. Numbers and size: The index of fractionalisation 271 6. Combining the nominal and mathematical routes 281 Chapter ten: Spatial competition 289 1. The Downsian theory revisited 289 2. Issues, identification, images, and positions 292 3. Multidimensional, unidimensional, and ideological space 297 4. The direction of competition 305 Index 319