Commemorating the Nation (inbunden)
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University of Chicago, Middle East Documentation Center
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Commemorating the Nation (inbunden)

Commemorating the Nation

Collective Memory, Public Commemoration, and National Identity in Twentieth-century Egypt

Inbunden Engelska, 2004-12-01
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Includes 18 illustrations. Commemorating the Nation is a study of the relationship between public commemoration and national identity in Egypt over the course of the twentieth century. Appropriating insights from recent theoretical discussions of collective memory and public commemoration, it examines the modes by which different Egyptian communities of memorythe state under successive regimes; rival political forces and movements; elite and non-elite groups within civil societyremembered and commemorated the Egyptian national struggle, its defining moments and heroic figures, in specific sites of national memory. The book's analysis ranges across the twentieth century, tracing the changing place of selected sites of national memory from the pre-World-War-I years through the decades of the parliamentary monarchy to the era of the Egyptian Republic. Each of its three main sections is devoted to a different form of commemoration. The first is the nationalist art of Egypt's "national sculptor" Mahmud Mukhtar (1891-1934) and how his monumental icons expressing the nationalist ethos, specifically his sculpture Nahdat Misr and his statues of the leader of the 1919 Revolution, Sa`d Zaghlul, have been represented and re-represented by successive generations of Egyptians. The second section analyzes the modalities through which the historic figures of Egypt's Nationalist Party, Mustafa Kamil (1874-1908) and Muhammad Farid (1868-1919), have been preserved and commemorated through the remainder of the twentieth century. The third section considers national holiday celebrations as sites of Egyptian collective memory, particularly the celebration of the July 1952 Revolution during the reign of Gamal Abdel Nasser and the commemoration of the 1973 Crossing of the Suez Canal under his successor Anwar al-Sadat. The book is the product of fieldwork in Egypt as well as of extensive research in Egyptian publications. By analyzing nationalism through the prism of public commemoration, the work extends our understanding of the shaping of national identity and the evolution of national imagining in modern Egypt. Although it focuses on Egypt, its findings have implications for the study of collective memory and public commemoration in general.
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Israel Gershoni is Professor of History at Tel Aviv University. James Jankowski is Professor Emeritus of History at the University of Colorado. They are the co-authors of Egypt, Islam, and the Arabs: The Search for Egyptian Nationhood, 1900-1930 (1986) and Redefining the Egyptian Nation, 1930-1945 (1995), and are co-editors of Rethinking Nationalism in the Arab Middle East (1997).


List of Illustrations Acknowledgements List of Abbreviations Introduction Part I Sculpting the Nation: Mahmud Mukhtar and National Commemoration in Visual Art 1. Prologue: "The First Egyptian Sculptor since the Age of the Pharaohs" 2. Mahmud Mukhtar: an Egyptian Childhood, a Parisian Education 3. Nahdat Misr: Inspiration and Influences 4. Neo-{haraonism and the Fine Arts in Independent Egypt 5. Politics and Commemoration: the Construction of Nahdat Misr as a National Monument 6. The Heroic Moment: the Unveiling of Nahdat Misr 7. Commemoration and Partisan Politics: Mahmud Mukhtar's Statues of Sacd Zaghlul 8. Mahmud Mukhtar after Nahdat Misr, 1928 - 1934 9. Contested Memories: Mahmud Mukhtar and Nahdat Misr in an Era of Transistion, 1934-1952 10. Revolutionizing Mukhtar: The July 1952 Revolution and New Meanings for Mukhtar's Commemorative Works in the Egyptian Republic 11. Epilogue Part II Death and Memory: Commemorating the National Heroes Mustafa Kamil and Muhammad Farid 12. Prologue: Mustafa Kamil and Muhammad Farid in Contemporary Egyptian Memory 13. The Burial of a National Hero: the Civic Funeral of Mustafa Kamil, 1908 14. Martyrdom and Memory: the Death and Funeral of Muhammad Farid, 1919-1920 15. National Forgetting: Mustafa Kamil and Muhammad Farid in Eclipse, 1920-1937 16. Recovery of Memory: Rehabilitating Mustafa Kamil and Muhammad Farid, 1937-1952 17. Revolutionary Appropriation: Mustafa Kamil, Muhammad Farid and the Revolution of July 1952 18. Epilogue Part III Commemorating the Revolution in Egypt 19. Prologue: The July Revolution after Fifty Years 20. National Holidays as Sites of Memory 21. National Holiday Commemoration under the Egyptian Parliamentary Monarchy 22. Celebrating the Revolution of July 1952 23. Appropriation and Obliteration: Celebrating the Crossing of October 1973 24. Epilogue: July 23 and October 6, 2000 Conclusion Bibliography Index