Aquaculture in China (inbunden)
Inbunden (Hardback)
Antal sidor
208 x 256 x 36 mm
1894 g
Aquaculture in China (inbunden)

Aquaculture in China

Success Stories and Modern Trends

Inbunden Engelska, 2018-05-11
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Fish have been a major component of our diet and it has been suggested that fish/seafood consumption contributed to the development of the human brain, and this together with the acquisition of bipedalism, perhaps made us what we are. In the modern context global fish consumption is increasing. However, unlike our other staples, until a few years back the greater proportion of our fish supplies were of a hunted origin. This scenario is changing and a greater proportion of fish we consume now is of farmed origin. Aquaculture, the farming of waters, is thought to have originated in China, many millennia ago. Nevertheless, it transformed into a major food sector only since the second half of the last century, and continues to forge ahead, primarily in the developing world. China leads the global aquaculture production in volume, in the number of species that are farmed, and have contributed immensely to transforming the practices from an art to a science. This book attempts to capture some of the key elements and practices that have contributed to the success of Chinese aquaculture. The book entails contributions from over 100 leading experts in China, and provides insights into some aquaculture practices that are little known to the rest of the world. This book will be essential reading for aquaculturists, practitioners, researchers and students, and planners and developers.
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Jian-Fang Gui, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, Hubei Province, China Qisheng Tang, Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Shandong, China Zhongjie Li, State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Institute of Hydrobiology, Wuhan, Hubei Province, China Jiashou Liu, State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Institute of Hydrobiology, Wuhan, Hubei Province, China Sena S. De Silva, School of Life & Environmental Science, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia


List of Contributors xxix Foreword xxxvii Preface xxxix Acknowledgments xli Section 1 Notable Developments in Chinese Aquaculture in the Past Few Decades 1 1.1 Contribution of Chinese Aquaculture to the Sector, Globally, and to Overall Food Security 3 Jiansan Jia, Weiming Miao, Junning Cai, and Xinhua Yuan 1.2 Inland Aquaculture: Trends and Prospects 25 Zhongjie Li, Jiashou Liu, Qidong Wang, and Sena S. De Silva 1.3 Mariculture: Developments, Present Status and Prospects 38 Qingyin Wang, Hui Liu, and Juan Sui 1.4 Chinese Aquaculture: Its Contribution to Rural Development and the Economy 55 Ningsheng Yang 1.5 Species Composition in Chinese Aquaculture with Reference to Trophic Level of Cultured Species 70 Qisheng Tang, Dong Han, Xiujuan Shan, Wenbing Zhang, and Yuze Mao Section 2 Traditionally Farmed Species/Species Groups and Farming Practices 93 2.1 Grass Carp: The Fish that Feeds Half of China 95 Congxin Xie, Jiale Li, Dapeng Li, Yubang Shen, Yu Gao, and Zhimin Zhang 2.2 Typical Cases of Silver Carp Culture 116 Guiwei Zou, Dan Wang, and Xiangzhong Luo 2.3 Developments in Common Carp Culture and Selective Breeding of New Varieties 125 Xuesong Hu, Yanlong Ge, Chitao Li, Zhiying Jia, Mei Shang, Shihui Wang, and Lianyu Shi 2.4 Crucian Carp and Gibel Carp Culture 149 Zhou Li, Zhong ]Wei Wang, Yang Wang, and Jian ]Fang Gui 2.5 Recent Developments in Bream Culture: Culture Systems and Genetic Improvement 158 Weimin Wang and Zexia Gao 2.6 Integrated Rice ]Field Aquaculture in China, A Long ]Standing Practice, with Recent Leapfrog Developments 174 Jiashou Liu, Qidong Wang, Jing Yuan, Tanglin Zhang, Shaowen Ye, Wei Li, Zhongjie Li, and Jian ]Fang Gui Section 3 Emerging Cultured Species/Species Groups 185 3.1 Freshwater Pearl Culture 187 Jiale Li, Xiaoping Wu, and Zhiyi Bai 3.2 Chinese mitten Crab Culture: Current Status and Recent Progress Towards Sustainable Development 197 Yongxu Cheng, Xugan Wu, and Jiayao Li 3.3 Culture of the Oriental River Prawn (Macrobrachium nipponense) 218 Fu Hongtuo and Shubo Jin 3.4 Mud Crab, Scylla paramamosain China's Leading Maricultured Crab 226 Yuanyou Li, Chunxiang Ai, and Lijie Liu 3.5 Sturgeon Culture: Status and Practices 234 Deguo Yang, Guojun Ma, and Dajiang Sun 3.6 Snakehead Culture 246 Xiuqi Li, Qinglei Meng, and Nan Xie 3.7 Mandarin Fish Culture: Status and Development Prospects 256 Guocheng Yao, and Wei Li 3.8 The Success of Yellow Catfish Aquaculture in China: From Rare Wild Fish to Popular Farmed Fish 270 Dapeng Li, Congxin Xie, Xugang He, Rong Tan, Xing Tian, Zhimin Zhang, and Yu Gao 3.9 Aquaculture of the Paddy Eel, Monopterus albus 283 Daiqin Yang, Fang Chen, and Guoliang Ruan 3.10 Aquaculture of the Large Yellow Croaker 297 Shixi Chen, Yongquan Su, and Wanshu Hong 3.11 Flatfish Farming 309 Changtao Guan, Yuxia Ding, Aijun Ma, Yufen Wang, Jun Li, Qi Ni, Xuezhou Liu, Qiyao Wang, Kangsen Mai, Hong Lin, Bin Huang, and Zhengyong Yang 3.12 Rabbitfish - an Emerging Herbivorous Marine Aquaculture Species 329 Yuanyou Li, Qinghao Zhang, and Yang Liu 3.13 Soft ]Shelled Turtle Culture 335 Zhong Yang He, and Haiqi Zhang 3.14 Hard ]Shelled Turtle Culture 353 Xinping Zhu and Jian Zhao Section 4 Alien Species in Chinese Aquaculture 363 4.1 Crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) Cultivation in China: A Decade of Unprecedented Development 365 Qidong Wang, Huaiyu Ding, Zhonghu Tao, and Dawen Ma 4.2 Development of the Culture of the White ]Legged Shrimp, Penaeus vannamei 378 Xiaohan Chen and Jianhua Xiong 4.3 Channel Catfish Culture 393 Dapeng Li, Congxin Xie, Xugang He, Chenglong Qi, Yu Gao, and Xiao Liang 4.4 Status and Trends of the Tilapia Farming Industry Development 404 Pao Xu and Junchao Ming 4.5 Development of Largemouth Bass (Micropterus salmoides) Culture 421 Junjie Bai and Shengjie Li Section 5 Developments in Feeds in Chinese Aquaculture 431 5.1 Feed Developments in Freshwater Aquaculture 433 Shouqi Xie, Dong Han, Yong Yang,