- Inbunden (Hardback)
- Antal sidor
- John Wiley & Sons Inc
- Mittal, K. L. (ed.), Bahners, Thomas (ed.)
- 229 x 152 x 32 mm
- Antal komponenter
- 14:B&W 6 x 9 in or 229 x 152 mm Case Laminate on White w/Gloss Lam
- 944 g
Du kanske gillar
Particles on Surfaces
K L MittalInbunden
Recent Developments and Future Trends1969Skickas inom 10-15 vardagar.
Fri frakt inom Sverige för privatpersoner.Textiles have been historically and traditionally used to make clothes, but even in ancient times there were technical textiles for making sails, tents, etc. Today, technical textiles are used in various industries for a host of purposes and applications. Recently, there have been exciting developments on various fronts in the textile field to impart novel and innovative functionalities to textiles, e.g., easy-to-clean or dirt-repellent, flame retardancy, anti-bacterial, and fog-harvesting properties, to name a few. Also, textiles for electronics based on graphene, CNTs and other nanomaterials, conductive textiles, textiles for sensor function, textile-fixed catalysts, textiles for batteries and energy storage, textiles as substrates for tissue engineering, and textiles for O/W separation have appeared in the literature. All this has been possible through adopting novel ways for finishing textiles, e.g., by appropriate surface modification techniques, and utilizing biomimetic concepts borrowed from nature. This unique book entitled "Textile Finishing: Recent Developments and Future Trends" is divided into four parts: Part 1: Recent Developments/Current Challenges in Textile Finishing; Part 2: Surface Modification Techniques for Textiles; Part 3: Innovative Functionalities of Textiles; Part 4: Fiber-Reinforced Composites. The topics covered include: Antimicrobial textile finishes; flame retardant textile finishing; "self-cleaning" or easy-to-clean textiles; metallization of textiles; atmospheric pressure plasma, and uv-based photochemical surface modification of textiles; tunable wettability of textiles; 3D textile structures for fog harvesting; textile-fixed catalysts; medical textiles as substrates for tissue engineering; and fiber-reinforced "green" or "greener" biocomposites and the relevance of fiber/matrix adhesion.
KundrecensionerHar du läst boken? Sätt ditt betyg »
Kashmiri Lal Mittal was employed by the IBM Corporation from 1972 through 1993 Currently, he is teaching and consulting worldwide in the broad areas of adhesion as well as surface cleaning. He has received numerous awards and honors including the title of doctor honoris causa from Maria Curie-Sklodowska University, Lublin, Poland. He is the editor of more than 130 books dealing with adhesion measurement, adhesion of polymeric coatings, polymer surfaces, adhesive joints, adhesion promoters, thin films, polyimides, surface modification surface cleaning, and surfactants. Dr. Mittal is also the Founding Editor of the journal Reviews of Adhesion and Adhesives. Thomas Bahners studied physics at the universities of Munster and RWTH Aachen from 1974 to 1981. He has been a research scientist at the Deutsches Textil-orschungszentrum Nord-West (DTNW), Krefeld from November 1982. In 1987 he obtained his PhD in physical chemistry at the University of Duisburg where he is now the Head of Department of Physical Technologies whose research focuses on soft matter material science, polymer physics, and surface design by means of physical technologies. He has supervised about 50 research projects funded by companies or national/European research programs, and published about 200 journal articles and book chapters.
Preface xv Part 1 Recent Developments and Current Challenges in Textile Finishing 1 Recent Concepts of Antimicrobial Textile Finishes 3 Barbara Simon?i? and Brigita Tomsi? 1.1 Introduction 3 1.2 Antimicrobial Agents 5 1.2.1 Mechanisms of Antimicrobial Activity 6 1.2.2 Structures of Antimicrobial Agents 7 126.96.36.199 Leaching Antimicrobial Agents 7 188.8.131.52 Bound Antimicrobial Agents 17 1.3 Low Adhesion Agents 21 1.4 Dual-Action Antimicrobial Agents 24 1.5 Evaluation of Antimicrobial Activity of Functionalized Textiles 29 1.5.1 Standardized Methods for the Determination of Antibacterial Activity 31 1.5.2 Standardized Methods for the Determination of Antifungal Activity 35 1.6 Health and Environmental Issues 39 1.6.1 Health and Environmental Impacts of Antimicrobial Compounds 41 1.7 Future Trends 46 1.8 Summary 46 Acknowledgement 48 References 48 2 Flame Retardant Textile Finishes 69 A Richard Horrocks 2.1 Introduction 70 2.2 Current Commercial, Durable Flame Retardants: Advantages and Disadvantages 71 2.3 Current Challenges 78 2.3.1 Minimisation of Effluents 78 2.3.2 Replacing Formaldehyde Chemistry, Particularly with Respect to Cotton and Blended Fabrics 82 184.108.40.206 Oligomeric Phosphate-Phosphonate 83 220.127.116.11 Multifunctional Carboxylic Acids 83 18.104.22.168 Alkyl Phosphoramidate Adduct 86 22.214.171.124 Phosphonyl Cyanurates 87 126.96.36.199 Cellulose-Phosphoramidate Ester Interchange 88 188.8.131.52 Cellulose-Chloro Triazinyl Derivative Condensation 89 184.108.40.206 Phosphorus Acid Derivatives of Cellulose 90 220.127.116.11 Phosphorus-Nitrogen-Silicon Developments 91 18.104.22.168 Polymer Networks 92 22.214.171.124 Other Finishing Treatments 93 2.3.3 Replacing Bromine, Notably in Coating and Back-Coating Formulations 94 126.96.36.199 Reducing the BrFR Concentrations 95 188.8.131.52 Possible Bromine-Chlorine and Phosphorus-Bromine Synergies 96 184.108.40.206 Effectiveness of Phosphorus 97 220.127.116.11 The Sensitisation of Decomposition or Flame Retarding Efficiency of Phosphorus-Based Systems 99 18.104.22.168 The Introduction of a Volatile and Possible Vapour-Phase Active, Phosphorus-Based Flame Retardant Component 99 2.4 Novel Surface Chemistries 101 2.4.1 Sol-Gel Surface Treatments 103 2.4.2 Layer-by-Layer Treatments 107 2.4.3 Polymer Coating and UV and Plasma Grafting Treatments 111 22.214.171.124 Plasma Treatments 112 126.96.36.199 UV and Other Grafting Treatments 116 2.5 Summary 117 References 117 Bibliography 127 3 Striving for Self-Cleaning Textiles - Critical Thoughts on Current Literature 129 Thomas Bahners and Kash Mittal 3.1 Introduction 130 3.2 Fundamental Principles 133 3.2.1 Self-Cleaning - The Super-Hydrophobic Approach 133 3.2.2 Self-Cleaning - The Super-Hydrophilic Approach 136 3.2.3 Expected Merits of the Concepts 138 3.3 Attempts to Attain Super-Hydrophobic Behavior 140 3.3.1 Minimized Surface Free Energy 140 188.8.131.52 Novel Chemical Finishes of Non-Polar Character 141 184.108.40.206 Deposition of Non-Polar Thin Layers by Plasma and Dielectric Barrier Discharge (DBD) 142 220.127.116.11 Deposition of Non-Polar Thin Layers by Photo-Chemical Surface Modification 145 3.3.2 Enhancing Liquid Repellence by Adding Surface Roughness 147 18.104.22.168 Application of Micro- and Nano-Rough (Hybrid) Coatings 147 22.214.171.124 Incorporation of Micro- and Nanoparticles 149 126.96.36.199 Laser-Based Surface Roughening 151 3.4 Attempts to Attain Super-Hydrophilic Properties 153 3.4.1 Use of Photo-Catalytic TiO2 153 3.4.2 Making Use of Micro-Roughness According to the Wenzel Model 155 3.5 Relevance for Dirt Take-Up, Cleanability, and Self-Cleaning 156 3.6 Summary 160 References 162 4 Metallization of Polymers and Textiles 171 Piotr Rytlewski, Krzysztof Moraczewski and Bart?omiej Jagodzi?ski 4.1 Introduction 171 4.2 Main Methods of Metallization 173 4.2.1 Methods Based on Physical Vapor Deposition 173 4.2.2 Chemical Vapor Deposition Methods 178 4.3 Electroless Metallization 184 4.4 Summary 198 Refer