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What is this thing called Philosophy of Language?
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'This book is an outstanding pedagogical tool, which will be useful to anyone looking to gain a foothold in the subject. The second edition, which features new chapters on key figures, prominent topics, and recent developments in the field, is a substantial and welcome development of the excellent first edition.' Brett Sherman, University of South Carolina, USA. `Will become the standard textbook for survey courses in the philosophy of language'. Ernest Lepore, Rutgers University, USA. Praise for the first edition: 'To my mind this is the best introductory textbook for undergraduates looking to get a feel for the subject, without getting bogged down in advanced technical details. Gary Kemp covers all the traditional topics in the field and presents them in an accessible, engaging, and always rigorous style. Appended to each chapter are useful historical notes, a summary, a few questions, and some bibliographical recommendations for further research - a complete set of study aids that ought to be welcomed by students and teachers alike.' - Stefano Predelli, University of Nottingham, UK 'An easy, step by step journey through the classic themes of twentieth-century philosophy of language.' - Francois Recanati, Institut Jean Nicod, France 'Kemp has written a genuine introduction to the philosophy of language with beginning students in mind. Focusing on the issue of the meaning of natural language, he begins with a naive and, for students, very natural view of linguistic meaning. He then motivates and explains the distinctions, problems, solutions and development of the philosophy of language with the patience and understanding of a master teacher.' - Michael Losonsky, Colorado State University, USA
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Gary Kemp is Senior Lecturer in Philosophy at the University of Glasgow, UK. He has authored or edited various books and articles in the Philosophy of language, including Quine versus Davidson: Truth, Reference and Meaning.
Contents List of figures and tables Preface Introduction 1 eight preparatory notes 2 cognitive meaning and expressive meaning 3 meaning and force 4 context-dependence 5 the roles of propositions 6 compositionality, structure and understanding note 1 Naive semantics and the language of logic 1 naive theory: singular terms, predicates and reference 2 truth and meaning for atomic sentences 3 logical syntax and logical operators historical notes chapter summary study questions primary reading notes 2 Fregean semantics 1 two problems for naive semantics 2 the sense-reference distinction 3 the distinction extended 4 compositionality again; the reference of a sentence 5 applying the theory 6 substitutivity and extensionality 7 the analysis of propositional attitudes 8 the objectivity of sense 9 predicate reference and the concept horse problem 10 further discussion: the context principle historical notes chapter summary study questions primary reading secondary reading notes 3 Russellian semantics 1 the task for russell 2 the theory of definite descriptions 3 Applying the theory of descriptions 4 names as disguised definite descriptions 5 knowledge by acquaintance and knowledge by description historical notes chapter summary study questions primary reading secondary reading notes 4 Russell's Theory of Judgement, The Early Wittgenstein, and Logical Positivism propositions, facts, and russell's theory of judgement The Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus verificationism i: ayer verificationism ii: carnap's logical empiricism the vienna circle and the protocol debate historical notes chapter summary study questions primary reading secondary reading notes 5 Kripke on naming and necessity 1 necessity, possibility and possible worlds: a primer 2 the descriptivist paradigm 3 kripke's objections to the description theory of proper names 4 rigid designation 5 fixing the reference i: causal chains 6 fixing the reference ii: descriptions 7 lingering issues from russell and frege 8 further discussion: intensional semantics historical notes chapter summary study questions primary reading notes 6 Context dependence, indexicality and natural kinds 1 indexicals and demonstratives 2 putnam on natural kind terms and essence 3 is meaning in the head? 4 the actual world as a context 5 two-dimensionalism: context of utterance versus circumstance of evaluation 6 further discussion: rigid designation again 7 the indispensability of indexicals 8 indexicals and fregean sense historical notes chapter summary study questions primary reading note 7 Pragmatics 1 mood and force revisited 2 speech act theory 3 implicature 4 some applications of the concept of implicature 5 presupposition; strawson's and donnellan's objections to russell's theory of descriptions 6 metaphor historical notes chapter summary study questions primary reading secondary reading note 8 The propositional attitudes 1 extensionality revisited 2 referential opacity and frege on the attitudes 3 further discussion: multiple hyper-intensional embedding 4 de re and de dicto necessity 5 de re and de dicto belief 6 ralph's predicament 7 belief attributions and explicit indexicals; belief de se 8 an implicit indexical element 9 direct reference, the attitudes, and the semantic de re historical notes chapter summary study questions primary reading notes 9 Davidson's philosophy of language 1 methodology 2 the general form of a theory of meaning 3 the exact form of a theory of meaning 4 the empirical confirmation of a theory of meaning: radical interpretation 5 the principle of charity and the interdependen