Viking-Age Trade (inbunden)
Inbunden (Hardback)
Antal sidor
Jankowiak, Marek / Shepard, Jonathan
black and white 97 Illustrations 60 Halftones, black and white 22 Tables black and white
60 Halftones, black and white; 22 Tables, black and white; 97 Illustrations, black and white
236 x 157 x 30 mm
772 g
Antal komponenter
52:B&W 6.14 x 9.21in or 234 x 156mm (Royal 8vo) Case Laminate on White w/Gloss Lam
Viking-Age Trade (inbunden)

Viking-Age Trade

Silver, Slaves and Gotland

Inbunden Engelska, 2020-10-07
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That there was an influx of silver dirhams from the Muslim world into eastern and northern Europe in the ninth and tenth centuries is well known, as is the fact that the largest concentration of hoards is on the Baltic island of Gotland. Recent discoveries have shown that dirhams were reaching the British Isles, too. What brought the dirhams to northern Europe in such large numbers? The fur trade has been proposed as one driver for transactions, but the slave trade offers another - complementary - explanation. This volume does not offer a comprehensive delineation of the hoard finds, or a full answer to the question of what brought the silver north. But it highlights the trade in slaves as driving exchanges on a trans-continental scale. By their very nature, the nexuses were complex, mutable and unclear even to contemporaries, and they have eluded modern scholarship. Contributions to this volume shed light on processes and key places: the mints of Central Asia; the chronology of the inflows of dirhams to Rus and northern Europe; the reasons why silver was deposited in the ground and why so much ended up on Gotland; the functioning of networks - perhaps comparable to the twenty-first-century drug trade; slave-trading in the British Isles; and the stimulus and additional networks that the Vikings brought into play. This combination of general surveys, presentations of fresh evidence and regional case studies sets Gotland and the early medieval slave trade in a firmer framework than has been available before.
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Jacek Gruszczynski was a Research Associate at the Khalili Research Centre, University of Oxford and now works as an archaeology and heritage consultant. Marek Jankowiak is Associate Professor of Byzantine History at the University of Oxford. Jonathan Shepard was University Lecturer in Russian History at the University of Cambridge.


1. Why Gotland? Jonathan Shepard PART I: COGS AND DRIVERS 2. Reading between the lines: Tracking slaves and slavery in the early middle ages David Wyatt 3. Slavery in medieval Scandinavia: Some points of departure Stefan Brink 4. The fur trade in the early middle ages James Howard-Johnston 5. The dynamics of the drugs trade: A model for the study of the medieval trade in slaves? Andrew P. Roach and Alex Marshall PART II: FLOWS FROM ISLAM 6. Dirham flows into northern and eastern Europe and the rhythms of the slave trade with the Islamic world Marek Jankowiak 7. Trading networks, warlords and hoarders: Islamic coin flows into Poland in the Viking Age Dariusz Adamczyk 8. Coin circulation in early Rus and the dynamics of the druzhinas Viacheslav S. Kuleshov PART III: GOTLAND 9. Hoards, silver, context and the Gotlandic alternative Jacek Gruszczynski 10. Hoards and their archaeological context: Three case studies from Gotland Majvor OEstergren 11. Gotland: Silver island Dan Carlsson 12. Silver hoards and society on Viking-Age Gotland: Some thoughts on the relationship between silver, long-distance trade and local communities Christoph Kilger 13. From the foreign to the familiar: The arrival and circulation of silver in Gotlandic society Ny Bjoern Gustafsson 14. Was there life before death? The Viking settlements on Gotland Per Widerstroem 15. Social structures and landscape: Gotland's silver hoards in the context of settlements Gustaf Svedjemo PART IV: COMPARISONS 16. Gotland viewed from the Swedish mainland Ingmar Jansson 17. Silver hoarding on Bornholm and Gotland: Hoards as windows onto Viking-Age life Gitte Tarnow Ingvardson 18. Coins as an indicator of communications between the British Isles and Scandinavia in the Viking Age Elina Screen 19. Viking economies and the Great Army: Interpreting the precious metal finds from Torksey, Lincolnshire Andrew R. Woods 20. Viking-Age bullion from southern Scandinavia and the Baltic region in Ireland John Sheehan PART V: CONCLUSIONS 21. Some reflections on Gotland: Slavery, slave-traders, and slave-takers Dagfinn Skre