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Routledge Handbook on Tourism in the Middle East and North Africa2069
The Routledge Handbook on Tourism in the Middle East and North Africa examines the importance of tourism as a historical, economic, social, environmental, religious and political force in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). It highlights the ecological and resource challenges related to water, desert environments, climate change and oil. It provides an in-depth analysis of the geopolitical conditions that have long determined the patterns of tourism demand and supply throughout the region and how these play out in the everyday lives of residents and destinations as they attempt to grow tourism or ignore it entirely. While cultural heritage remains the primary tourism asset for the region as a whole, many new types of tourisms are emerging, especially in the Arabian Gulf region, where hyper-development is closely associated with the increasingly prominent role of luxury real estate and shopping, retail, medical tourism, cruises and transit tourism. The growing phenomenon of an expatriate workforce, and how its segregation from the citizenry creates a dual socio-economic system in several countries, is unmatched by other regions of the world. Many indigenous people of MENA keep themselves apart from other dominant groups in the region, although these social boundaries are becoming increasingly blurred as tourism, being one socio-economic force for change, has inspired many nomadic peoples to settle into towns and villages and rely more on tourists for their livelihoods. All of these issues and more shape the foundations of this book. This Handbook is the first of its kind to examine tourism from a broad regional and inclusive perspective, surveying a broad range of social, cultural, heritage, ecological and political matters in a single volume. With a wide range of contributors, many of whom are natives of the Middle East and North Africa, this Handbook is a vital resource for students and scholars interested in Tourism, Middle East Studies and Geography.
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Fler böcker av Dallen J Timothy
Dallen J. Timothy is Professor of Community Resources and Development and Senior Sustainability Scientist at Arizona State University. He also holds visiting professorships and research associateships in China, Spain and South Africa. His research interests include cultural heritage-based tourism, religious tourism, peripheral regions, heritage cuisines and geopolitics.
Part I: The Space and Place of MENA Chapter 1. Introduction: Understanding the Middle East and North Africa Dallen J. Timothy Chapter 2. The Physical Geography of the Middle East in the Anthropocene C. Michael Hall Chapter 3. The Middle East and North Africa: A Dynamic Cultural Realm Dallen J. Timothy Chapter 4. Tourism Trends and Patterns in MENA: A Resource Perspective Dallen J. Timothy Part II: Heritage, Culture and Urban Space Chapter 5. Intangible Heritage and Cultural Protection in the Middle East Mairna H. Mustafa Chapter 6. Deciphering 'Arab Hospitality': Identifying Key Characteristics and Concerns Marcus L. Stephenson and Nazia Ali Chapter 7. Tourism and Indigenous Communities: Linking Reterritorialization and Decolonization in North Africa Christine N. Buzinde Chapter 8. Urban Heritage in the Middle East: Heritage, Tourism and the Shaping of New Identities Aylin Orbasli Part III: Religion and Tourism Chapter 9. Religion, Pilgrimage and Tourism in the Middle East Daniel H. Olsen Chapter 10. Islamic Tourism in the Middle East Hamira Zamani-Farahani, Michele Carboni, Carlo Perelli and Neda Torabi Farsani Chapter 11. Contemporary Jewish Tourism: Pilgrimage, Religious Heritage and Educational Tourism Noga Collins-Kreiner Chapter 12. Christian Tourism in the Middle East: Holy Land and Mediterranean Perspectives Dallen J. Timothy and Amos S. Ron Part IV: Natural and Environmental Challenges Chapter 13. MENA as a Critical Meeting Point between Tourism and Water Resources Nurit Kliot Chapter 14. Oil in the Middle East: A Critical Resource for Tourism Susanne Becken and Harald A. Friedl Chapter 15. Desert Landscapes and Tourism in the Middle East and North Africa Alan S. Weber Chapter 16. Tourism and Climate Change in the Middle East C. Michael Hall Part V: Tourism and Geopolitics Chapter 17. Tourism as a Tool for Colonization, Segregation, Displacement and Dispossession: The Case of East Jerusalem, Palestine Rami K. Isaac Chapter 18. Tourism and Conflict in the Middle East Richard W. Butler Chapter 19. Image Repair Strategies Adopted by MENA National Tourism Boards during and Following Crises Eli Avraham Part VI: Transportation Chapter 20. Cruise Tourism in the Middle East Magdalena Karolak Chapter 21. Local Transportation and Tourism in the MENA Region Ammar O. Abulibdeh Chapter 22. Air route development and transit tourism in the Middle East Bojana Spasojevic and Gui Lohmann Part VII: Contemporary Trends Chapter 23. Halal Tourism: A Growing Market on a Global Stage Asad Mohsin and Chris Ryan Chapter 24. Much Ado about Halal Tourism: Religion, Religiosity or None of the Above? Omar Moufakkir, Yvette Reisinger and Dhoha AlSaleh Chapter 25. Tourism, Migration and an Expatriate Workforce in the Middle East Kevin Hannam and Cody Morris Paris Chapter 26. Business Travel and the MICE Industry in the Middle East Joan C. Henderson Chapter 27. Medical Tourism: In Search of an Economic Niche John Connell Chapter 28. Shopping, Tourism and Hyper-Development in the Middle East and North Africa Esmat Zaidan Chapter 29. Conclusion: Future Research Directions Dallen J. Timothy