The Observation of Human Systems (inbunden)
Format
Inbunden (Hardback)
Språk
Engelska
Antal sidor
190
Utgivningsdatum
2009-01-15
Förlag
AldineTransaction
Dimensioner
234 x 160 x 20 mm
Vikt
431 g
Antal komponenter
1
ISBN
9781412808385
The Observation of Human Systems (inbunden)

The Observation of Human Systems

Lessons from the History of Anti-reductionistic Empirical Psychology

Inbunden Engelska, 2009-01-15
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Contemporary mainstream psychology has moved toward methodological specificity bounded by instrumental experimentalism. However, this institutional reduction of sanctioned methods has not been fully embraced by all social scientists, nor even by all experimental psychologists. The social sciences are rife with examples of practicing empirical scientists disaffected with the reductionism and atomism of traditional experimentalism. The empirical theory and practice of four of these disaffected social scientists--Lev Vygotsky, James Baldwin, James Gibson, and Kurt Lewin--is explored in this volume. Each of the scientists considered here argued for a rigorously empirical method while still maintaining a clear anti-reductionist stance. They justified their disaffection with the dominant psychological paradigms of their respective eras in terms of a fidelity to their phenomena of study, a fidelity they believed would be compromised by radical reductionism and ontological atomism. The authors in this collection explore the theory and practice of these eminent researchers and from it find inspiration for contemporary social science. The primary argument running through these analyses is that the social sciences should take seriously the notion of holistic empirical investigation. This means, among other things, re-establishing the indissoluble ties between theory, method and procedure and resisting the manualization of research procedures. It also means developing theories of relations and not simply of elemental properties. Such theories would concern particular units, fields, or systems of relations and not be reduced to, or interpreted in the terms of, other systems. Finally, a holistic social science requires integration of the active agent into theory, method, and procedure, an integration that points toward both participatory and emancipatory methods.
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Övrig information

Joshua W. Clegg is a professor of psychology at John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York. His published work focuses on research methodology and philosophy of science, emphasizing the contributions of continental philosophers, and also includes empirical work on social alienation. This is the first volume in the series edited by Jaan Valsiner, From Past to Future.