An Introduction to Particle Physics and the Standard Model (inbunden)
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Inbunden (Hardback)
Antal sidor
CRC Press Inc
black and white 187 Illustrations 50 Tables black and white
50 Tables, black and white; 187 Illustrations, black and white
241 x 165 x 31 mm
975 g
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An Introduction to Particle Physics and the Standard Model (inbunden)

An Introduction to Particle Physics and the Standard Model

Inbunden Engelska, 2009-08-26
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An Introduction to the Standard Model of Particle Physics familiarizes readers with what is considered tested and accepted and in so doing, gives them a grounding in particle physics in general. Whenever possible, Dr. Mann takes an historical approach showing how the model is linked to the physics that most of us have learned in less challenging areas. Dr. Mann reviews special relativity and classical mechanics, symmetries, conservation laws, and particle classification; then working from the tested paradigm of the model itself, he: Describes the Standard Model in terms of its electromagnetic, strong, and weak components Explores the experimental tools and methods of particle physics Introduces Feynman diagrams, wave equations, and gauge invariance, building up to the theory of Quantum Electrodynamics Describes the theories of the Strong and Electroweak interactions Uncovers frontier areas and explores what might lie beyond our current concepts of the subatomic world Those who work through the material will develop a solid command of the basics of particle physics. The book does require a knowledge of special relativity, quantum mechanics, and electromagnetism, but most importantly it requires a hunger to understand at the most fundamental level: why things exist and how it is that anything happens. This book will prepare students and others for further study, but most importantly it will prepare them to open their minds to the mysteries that lie ahead. Ultimately, the Large Hadron Collider may prove the model correct, helping so many realize their greatest dreams ... or it might poke holes in the model, leaving us to wonder an even more exciting possibility: that the answers lie in possibilities so unique that we have not even dreamt of them.
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... thoroughly recommended for a final-year specialist or first-year postgraduate study level especially for those engaged in experimental high energy physics research. The author has performed an excellent service in making accessible the language and results of field theory applied to elementary particle physics. -John J. Quenby, Contemporary Physics, 52, 2011 The first chapter shows how clearly the author can write and even though the subject matter gets more complex through the book, the clarity continues. ... giv[es] readers greater insights into how the maths and the reality match (or don't match!) and hopefully exciting them into further consideration of what may be 'hidden behind the curtain'. ... while most of the book is limited to final year and postgraduate students, the first and last chapters of the book should be accessible to any interested reader wanting to understand the present knowledge and future directions of particle physics. The author has intended the book to be used as a course of study ... he has used the material himself in this way with success for two decades. ... Every chapter ends with ... well thought out, relevant questions ... -Jack McArdle, Reviews, Volume 11, Issue 1, 2010

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Övrig information

University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada


Preface Acknowledgements Further Reading Introduction and Overview Methods of Study Overview The Standard Model Questions A Review of Special Relativity Basic Review of Relativity Spacetime Structure Momentum and Energy Collisions Questions Symmetries Groups Lie Groups Algebras The Rotation Group SO(3) Appendix: Lie Algebras from Lie Groups Questions Conservation Laws The Action Principle Noether's Theorem Spacetime Symmetries and their Noether currents Symmetries and Quantum Mechanics Summary Questions Particle Classfication General Considerations Basic Classfication Spectroscopic Notation Adding Angular Momenta Questions Discrete Symmetries Parity Time-reversal Charge Conjugation Positronium The CPT Theorem Questions Accelerators DC Voltage Machines Linacs Synchrotrons Colliders The Future of Accelerators Questions Detectors Energy Transfer and Deposition Detector Types Modern Collider Detectors Questions Scattering Lifetimes Resonances Cross Sections Matrix Elements 2-body Formulae Detailed Balance Revisited Questions A Toy Theory Feynman Rules A-Decay Scattering in the Toy Theory Higher-order Diagrams Appendix: n-dimensional integration Questions Wave Equations for Elementary Particles Klein-Gordon Equation Dirac Equation Physical Interpretation Antiparticles Appendix: The Lorentz Group and its Representations Questions Gauge Invariance Solutions to the Dirac Equation Conserved Current The Gauge Principle The Maxwell-Dirac Equations The Wavefunction of the Photon Questions Quantum Electrodynamics Feynman Rules for QED Examples Obtaining Cross Sections Appendix: Mathematical Tools for QED Questions Testing QED Basic Features of QED Scattering Major Tests of QED Questions From Nuclei to Quarks Range of the Nuclear Force Isospin Strangeness Flavor Color Questions The Quark Model Baryons Mesons Mass Relations Magnetic Moments Questions Testing the Quark Model Vector-Meson Decay Hadron Production Elastic Scattering of Electrons and Protons Deep Inelastic Scattering Quark Model Predictions Quark Structure Functions Questions Heavy Quarks and QCD Charm Bottom Top QCD Appendix: QCD and Yang-Mills Theory Questions From Beta Decay to Weak Interactions Fermi's Theory of Beta-Decay Neutrino Properties Kaon Oscillation Questions Charged Leptonic Weak Interactions Neutrino-Electron Scattering Muon Decay Appendix: Mathematical Tools for Weak Interactions Appendix: 3-body phase space decay Questions Charged Weak Interactions of Quarks and Leptons Neutron Decay Pion Decay Quark and Lepton Vertices The GIM Mechanism The CKM Matrix Questions Electroweak Unfication Neutral Currents Electroweak Neutral Scattering Processes The SU(2) _ U(1) Model Questions Electroweak Symmetry Breaking The Higgs Mechanism Breaking the SU(2) Symmetry Fermion Masses Appendix: Feynman Rules for Electroweak Theory Questions Testing Electroweak Theory Discovery of the W and Z bosons Lepton Universality and Running Coupling The Search for the Higgs Questions Beyond the Standard Model Neutrino Oscillation Neutrino Experiments Neutrino Masses and Mixing Angles Axions and the Neutron Electric Dipole Moment Frontiers Summing Up Questions Notation and Conventions Natural Units Relativistic Notation Greek Alphabet Kronecker Delta and Levi-Civita Symbols Kronecker Delta Levi-Civita Symbol Dirac Delta-Functions Pauli and Dirac Matrices Pauli Matrices Dirac Matrices Identities and Trace Theorems Cross-Sections and Decay Rates Decays Cross-Sections Clebsch-Gordon Coef