Nuclear Forensic Analysis (inbunden)
Format
Inbunden (Hardback)
Språk
Engelska
Antal sidor
524
Utgivningsdatum
2014-12-10
Upplaga
2 New edition
Förlag
CRC Press Inc
Illustratör/Fotograf
489 8 figures for scatter color--colors onP45, 172, 372, 410, 419, 434, 435, 482, 483 490 Ap
Illustrationer
8 figures for scatter color -- colors on p. 45, 172, 372, 410, 419, 434, 435, 482, 483, 489, 490; Ap
Dimensioner
228 x 158 x 31 mm
Vikt
861 g
Antal komponenter
1
ISBN
9781439880616
Nuclear Forensic Analysis (inbunden)

Nuclear Forensic Analysis

Inbunden Engelska, 2014-12-10
1999
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Now in its second edition, Nuclear Forensic Analysis provides a multidisciplinary reference for forensic scientists, analytical and nuclear chemists, and nuclear physicists in one convenient source. The authors focus particularly on the chemical, physical, and nuclear aspects associated with the production or interrogation of a radioactive sample. They consolidate fundamental principles of nuclear forensic analysis, all pertinent protocols and procedures, computer modeling development, interpretational insights, and attribution considerations. The principles and techniques detailed are then demonstrated and discussed in their applications to real-world investigations and casework conducted over the past several years. Highlights of the Second Edition include: A new section on sample analysis considerations and interpretation following a post-detonation nuclear forensic collection New case studies, including the most wide-ranging and multidisciplinary nuclear forensic investigation conducted by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to date Expanded treatments of radiologic dispersal devices (RDDs) and statistical analysis methodologies The material is presented with minimal mathematical formality, using consistent terminology with limited jargon, making it a reliable, accessible reference. The broad-based coverage provides important insight into the multifaceted changes facing this recently developed science.
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Praise for the First Edition "This book by three of the leading authorities in the field outlines a critically important area of forensic science in the modern world. ... should be in the library of every forensic laboratory." -Chemistry Professor W.F. Kinard, College of Charleston, in The Journal of Forensic Sciences

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Övrig information

Kenton J. Moody is with the Nuclear Chemistry Division at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), where he is a technical leader for the application of nuclear and radiochemical techniques to problems in national security and the U.S. nuclear stockpile. He also performs basic research on the heaviest elements. In addition to numerous classified reports detailing the performance of nuclear explosive devices, he has coauthored more than 100 refereed journal publications in the subject areas of the decay properties of the heaviest elements, nuclear reaction mechanisms, fission, and nuclear structure. He has co-discovered six chemical elements and more than four dozen heavy-element isotopes. Patrick M. Grant has been a staff member at Livermore National Laboratory since 1983, serving as the deputy director and special operations and samples manager of the Forensic Science Center. In addition to numerous classified and law enforcement reports, he has authored or coauthored more than 120 refereed publications in the open literature in diverse subject areas. He has been a fellow of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences since 1999 and a member of the editorial board of the Journal of Forensic Sciences since 2003. One of his unclassified investigations, a scientific explanation for the Riverside Hospital Emergency Room "Mystery Fumes" incident, was extensively highlighted in the popular media and is now appearing in fundamental forensic science textbooks. Ian D. Hutcheon is the deputy director of the Glenn Seaborg Institute, the Chemical and Isotopic Signatures group leader in the Nuclear and Chemical Sciences Division, and a Distinguished Member of the Technical Staff at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. He has authored over 180 publications in peer-reviewed journals in the areas of secondary-ion mass spectrometry, the early history of the solar system, and nuclear forensic analysis. He also serves on the review panels of the NASA Cosmochemistry Program and the Sample Return Laboratory Instruments and Data Analysis Program. He is a member of the American Geophysical Union and a fellow of the Meteoritical Society.

Innehållsförteckning

Introduction Nuclear Materials Nuclear Power and Pu Production Nuclear Weapons and the Cold War Nuclear Treaties and Nonproliferation Programs SNM Disposition Nuclear Proliferation and Terrorism Nuclear Smuggling Forensic Goals Physical Basis of Nuclear Forensic Science Background Types of Radioactive Decay Rate Laws in Radioactive Decay Atoms, Binding Energy, and Chart of the Nuclides Nuclear Structure, Isomerism, and Selection Rules Nuclear Reactions Natural Radioactivity Fission, Barrier Penetration, and Energy Production Engineering Issues Natural versus Synthetic Materials Recovery of Actinides from the Earth Separation and Enrichment of U Isotopes Electromagnetic Isotope Separation Gaseous Diffusion Thermal Diffusion Gas Centrifugation Aerodynamic Enrichment Laser Isotope Separation Isotope Enrichment Through Chemical Exchange Nuclear Reactors, Power, and the Production of Pu and 233U Recovery and Purification of Heavy Elements from Reactor Products Heavy-Element Metals and Alloys Chemistry and Nuclear Forensic Science Tracers in Inorganic Analysis Relevant Chemical Properties Principles of Nuclear Explosive Devices One-Stage Fission Explosive (Atomic Bomb) Boosting Two-Stage Nuclear Explosive (Hydrogen Bomb) Forensic Analysis of Nuclear-Explosive Debris Chronometry Heavy Elements and Fission-Product Chronometers Granddaughters and Spoof Detection Detection of Incomplete Fuel Reprocessing Techniques for Small Signatures Chemical Separations and Reduction of Background Radiochemical Milking Mass Spectrometry and Microanalysis Radiation Detection Interaction of Radiation with Matter Decay Characteristics Gas-Phase Detectors Solid-State Detectors Scintillation Detectors Empirical Application and Spectra Collateral Forensic Indicators Stable Isotopes Lead Oxygen Inorganic Elements Organic Analyses High Explosives Hairs and Fibers Inks and Papers Fingerprints Other Sample Matrices and Collection Soil/Sediment Matrices Vegetation Matrices Water Matrix Fauna Matrices Other Matrices Collection Tactics Radiochemical Procedures Dissolution Redox Separations MS Analysis and Reagent Purity Inorganic/Isotopic Sample Preparation Alpha Counting Beta Counting Gamma Counting Inorganic Techniques Organic Sample Preparation Extraction Solid-Phase Microextraction Derivatization Extraordinary Sample Issues Field Collection Kits NDA Field Radioactivity Detection Laboratory Analyses Radiation Counting Systems Counting Lab Counter Shielding and Systems Particle Detection Chemistry Lab Application Tritium Analysis Imaging and Microscopy Optical Microscopy Scanning Electron Microscopy Transmission Electron Microscopy Electron Microprobe Analysis X-Ray Microanalysis Infrared Spectroscopy Isotope MS Isotope-Ratio MS Element MS MS and Microanalysis Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Capillary Electrophoresis Inferred Production Estimates Uranium Plutonium SNM Stocks Analysis Materials Fingerprinting Criminalistics Comparisons Material Compositions Calculations Source and Route Attribution Introduction Source Attribution Questions Route Attribution Questions Forensic Analysis of Interdicted Nuclear Materials Laboratory Characterization of Nuclear Materials for Source Data Laboratory Characterization of Nuclear Materials for Route Data Prioritization of Forensic Tools for Route Attribution Analytic Techniques for Nuclear Forensic Interrogation Isotopes Elemental Composition/Major and Trace Elements Organic Species DNA Physical and Structural Characteristics Geolocation and Route Attribution: Real-World Examples Pb-Isotope Fingerprinting O-Isotope Fingerprinting Other Isotopic Ratios Reference Data for Enhanced Interpretation Forensic Investigation of a Highly Enriched Uranium Sample Interdicted In Bulgaria Analyses of Uranium Oxide Analyses of Collateral Evidence Lead Container Yellow Wax P