Chemical Process Technology (häftad)
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Format
Häftad (Paperback / softback)
Språk
Engelska
Antal sidor
566
Utgivningsdatum
2013-05-03
Upplaga
2nd Edition
Förlag
Wiley-Blackwell (an imprint of John Wiley & Sons Ltd)
Medarbetare
Makkee, Michiel / Van Diepen, Annelies E.
Illustrationer
black & white illustrations, black & white tables, figures
Dimensioner
241 x 190 x 31 mm
Vikt
952 g
Antal komponenter
1
Komponenter
1650:Standard B&W 7.44 x 9.69 in or 246 x 189 mm (Crown 4vo) Perfect Bound on White w/Gloss Lam
ISBN
9781444320251
Chemical Process Technology (häftad)

Chemical Process Technology

Häftad Engelska, 2013-05-03
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With a focus on actual industrial processes, e.g. the production of light alkenes, synthesis gas, fine chemicals, polyethene, it encourages the reader to think out of the box and invent and develop novel unit operations and processes. Reflecting today s emphasis on sustainability, this edition contains new coverage of biomass as an alternative to fossil fuels, and process intensification. The second edition includes: * New chapters on Process Intensification and Processes for the Conversion of Biomass * Updated and expanded chapters throughout with 35% new material overall * Text boxes containing case studies and examples from various different industries, e.g. synthesis loop designs, Sasol I Plant, Kaminsky catalysts, production of Ibuprofen, click chemistry, ammonia synthesis, fluid catalytic cracking * Questions throughout to stimulate debate and keep students awake! * Richly illustrated chapters with improved figures and flow diagrams Chemical Process Technology, Second Edition is a comprehensive introduction, linking the fundamental theory and concepts to the applied nature of the subject. It will be invaluable to students of chemical engineering, biotechnology and industrial chemistry, as well as practising chemical engineers. From reviews of the first edition: The authors have blended process technology, chemistry and thermodynamics in an elegant manner Overall this is a welcome addition to books on chemical technology. The Chemist Impressively wide-ranging and comprehensive an excellent textbook for students, with a combination of fundamental knowledge and technology. Chemistry in Britain (now Chemistry World)
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In conclusion, this excellent textbook is highly recommended to those readers wishing to have up-to-date knowledge of the chemical industry and its processes. Organic chemists, in particular, will learn the chemical engineer s approach to process design and process development and will appreciate the differences and hopefully understand how the methods used for bulk chemicals can be used for more complex molecules book. (Organic Process Research & Development, 1 September 2014) The book could serve as a valuable text for lower-level chemical engineering students, but it could also be useful to professionals in biotechnology and industrial chemistry. Summing Up: Recommended. All academic, two-year technical program, and professional engineering collections. (Choice, 1 December 2013)

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Övrig information

JACOB A. MOULIJN, MICHIEL MAKKEE and ANNELIES E. VAN DIEPEN Catalysis Engineering, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands

Innehållsförteckning

Preface xiii 1 Introduction 1 References 6 General Literature 6 2 The Chemical Industry 7 2.1 A Brief History 7 2.1.1 Inorganic Chemicals 7 2.1.2 Organic Chemicals 10 2.1.3 The Oil Era 11 2.1.4 The Age of Sustainability 12 2.2 Structure of the Chemical Industry 13 2.3 Raw Materials and Energy 16 2.3.1 Fossil Fuel Consumption and Reserves 16 2.3.2 Biomass as an Alternative for Fossil Fuels 19 2.3.3 Energy and the Chemical Industry 21 2.3.4 Composition of Fossil Fuels and Biomass 23 2.4 Base Chemicals 35 2.5 Global Trends in the Chemical Industry 37 References 39 General Literature 40 3 Processes in the Oil Refinery 41 3.1 The Oil Refinery An Overview 41 3.2 Physical Processes 42 3.2.1 Desalting and Dehydration 42 3.2.2 Crude Distillation 43 3.2.3 Propane Deasphalting 45 3.3 Thermal Processes 46 3.3.1 Visbreaking 46 3.3.2 Delayed Coking 47 3.3.3 Flexicoking 48 3.4 Catalytic Processes 49 3.4.1 Octane and Cetane Numbers 49 3.4.2 Catalytic Cracking 51 3.4.3 Catalytic Reforming 63 3.4.4 Alkylation 69 3.4.5 Hydroprocessing 76 3.5 Current and Future Trends in Oil Refining 91 3.5.1 Stricter Environmental Regulations 92 3.5.2 Refinery Configurations 94 References 96 4 Production of Light Alkenes 99 4.1 Introduction 99 4.2 Cracking Reactions 100 4.2.1 Thermodynamics 100 4.2.2 Mechanism 101 4.2.3 Kinetics 102 4.3 The Industrial Process 103 4.3.1 Influence of Feedstock on Steam Cracker Operation and Products 103 4.3.2 Cracking Furnace 106 4.3.3 Heat Exchanger 109 4.3.4 Coke Formation 110 4.4 Product Processing 111 4.5 Novel Developments 113 4.5.1 Selective Dehydrogenation of Light Alkanes 114 4.5.2 Metathesis of Alkenes 116 4.5.3 Production of Light Alkenes from Synthesis Gas 118 4.5.4 Dehydration of Bioethanol 121 4.5.5 Direct Conversion of Methane 122 References 123 5 Production of Synthesis Gas 127 5.1 Introduction 127 5.2 Synthesis Gas from Natural Gas 129 5.2.1 Reactions and Thermodynamics 129 5.2.2 Steam Reforming Process 131 5.2.3 Autothermal Reforming Process 137 5.2.4 Novel Developments 139 5.3 Coal Gasification 142 5.3.1 Gasification Reactions 142 5.3.2 Thermodynamics 143 5.3.3 Gasification Technologies 146 5.3.4 Recent Developments in Gasification Technology 151 5.3.5 Applications of Coal Gasification 154 5.3.6 Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle 156 5.3.7 Why Gasify, Not Burn for Electricity Generation? 158 5.3.8 Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) 159 5.4 Cleaning and Conditioning of Synthesis Gas 161 5.4.1 Acid Gas Removal 161 5.4.2 Water Gas Shift Reaction 163 5.4.3 Methanation 166 References 168 6 Bulk Chemicals and Synthetic Fuels Derived from Synthesis Gas 171 6.1 Ammonia 171 6.1.1 Background Information 171 6.1.2 Thermodynamics 173 6.1.3 Commercial Ammonia Synthesis Reactors 175 6.1.4 Ammonia Synthesis Loop 178 6.1.5 Integrated Ammonia Plant 180 6.1.6 Hydrogen Recovery 182 6.1.7 Production of Urea 185 6.2 Methanol 191 6.2.1 Background Information 191 6.2.2 Reactions, Thermodynamics, and Catalysts 192 6.2.3 Synthesis Gas for Methanol Production 195 6.2.4 Methanol Synthesis 196 6.2.5 Production of Formaldehyde 199 6.3 Synthetic Fuels and Fuel Additives 201 6.3.1 Fischer Tropsch Process 202 6.3.2 Methanol-to-Gasoline (MTG) Process 212 6.3.3 Recent Developments in the Production of Synthetic Fuels 214 6.3.4 Fuel Additives Methyl Tert-Butyl Ether 215 References 218 7 Processes for the Conversion of Biomass 221 7.1 Introduction 221 7.2 Production of Biofuels 223 7.2.1 Bioethanol and Biobutanol 224 7.2.2 Diesel-Type Biofuels 226 7.3 Production of Bio-based Chemicals 231 7.3.1 Ethanol 232 7.3.2 Glycerol 233 7.3.3 Succinic Acid 234 7.3.4 Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) 236 7.4 The Biorefinery 236