Biomaterials Science and Engineering (häftad)
Häftad (Paperback / softback)
Antal sidor
1984 ed.
Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
183 Illustrations, black and white; XV, 459 p. 183 illus.
229 x 152 x 25 mm
636 g
Antal komponenter
1 Paperback / softback
Biomaterials Science and Engineering (häftad)

Biomaterials Science and Engineering

Häftad Engelska, 2013-08-28
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This book is written for those who would like to advance their knowledge beyond an introductory level of biomaterials or materials science and engineering. This requires one to understand more fully the science of materials, which is, of course, the foundation of biomaterials. The subject matter of this book may be divided into three parts: (1) fundamental structure-property relationships of man-made materials (Chapters 2-5) and natural biological materials, including biocompatibility (Chapters 6 and 7); (2) metallic, ceramic, and polymeric implant materials (Chapters 8-10); and (3) actual prostheses (Chapters 11 and 12). This manuscript was initially organized at Clemson University as classnotes for an introductory graduate course on biomaterials. Since then it has been revised and corrected many times based on experience with graduate students at Clemson and at Tulane University, where I taught for two years, 1981-1983, before joining the University of Iowa. I would like to thank the many people who helped me to finish this book; my son Y oon Ho, who typed all of the manuscript into the Apple Pie word processor; my former graduate students, M. Ackley Loony, W. Barb, D. N. Bingham, D. R. Clarke, J. P. Davies, M. F. DeMane, B. J. Kelly, K. W. Markgraf, N. N. Salman, W. J. Whatley, and S. o. Young; and my colleagues, Drs. W. Cooke, D. D. Moyle (Clemson G. H. Kenner (University of Utah), F. University), W. C. Van Buskirk (Tulane University), and Y.
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  • Biomaterials

    Joon B Park, Joseph D Bronzino

    Biomaterials: Principles and Applications offers a comprehensive review of all the major biomaterials in this rapidly growing field. In recent years, the role of biomaterials has been influenced considerably by advances in many areas of biotechnol...


1 Introduction.- 1.1. Definition of Biomaterials.- 1.2. Brief Historical Background.- Problems.- References.- 2 Characterization of Materials.- 2.1. Mechanical Properties.- 2.1.1. Atomic Bonding and Elasticity (Hooke's Law).- 2.1.2. Mechanical Property Measurements.- 2.2. Viscoelasticity.- 2.3. Viscoelasticity in Dynamics Tests.- 2.4. Elasticity of Non-Hookean Materials.- Problems.- References.- 3 Structure of Solids.- 3.1. Atomic and Molecular Bonding.- 3.1.1. Primary Bonding.- 3.1.2. Secondary Bonding.- 3.2. Crystal Structure of Solids.- 3.3. Crystal Imperfections.- 3.3.1. Point Defects.- 3.3.2. Line Defects (Dislocations).- 3.3.3. Grain Boundaries.- 3.4. Noncrystalline Solids.- 3.4.1. Long-Chain Molecular Compounds.- 3.4.2. Network Structures.- Problems.- References.- 4 Thermodynamics of Structural Changes.- 4.1. Thermodynamic Relationships.- 4.1.1. Energy, Enthalpy, and the First Law of Thermodynamics.- 4.1.2. Entropy and the Second Law of Thermodynamics.- 4.1.3. Free Energies: The Thermodynamic Potentials.- 4.2. Rates of Reactions.- 4.3. Phase Changes.- 4.3.1. Single-Component Systems: Allotropy.- 4.3.2. Composition and Phase Stability.- 4.3.3. Mechanism of Phase Changes.- 4.3.4. Time-Temperature Transformation of Steel.- 4.4. Diffusion.- 4.5. Surface Properties.- 4.5.1. Surface Tension.- 4.5.2. Surface Tension Measurements of Solids.- Problems.- References.- 5 Strength and Strengthening Mechanisms.- 5.1. Strengths of Perfect and Real Materials.- 5.2. Strength and Strengthening of Metals and Simple Ionic Solids.- 5.2.1. Deformation of Crystalline Solids.- 5.2.2. Energetics of Dislocations.- 5.2.3. Dislocation Movement.- 5.2.4. Strengthening of Metals and Simple Ionic Solids.- 5.3. Strength and Strengthening of Ceramics and Glasses.- 5.3.1. Griffith Theory of Brittle Fracture.- 5.3.2. Strengthening of Ceramics and Glasses.- 5.4. Strength and Strengthening of Polymers.- 5.4.1. Strength of Polymers.- 5.4.2. Strengthening of Polymers.- 5.5. Properties of Composites.- Problems.- References.- 6 Structure-Property Relationships Of Biological Materials.- 6.1. Structure of Proteins and Polysaccharides.- 6.1.1. Proteins.- 6.1.2. Polysaccharides.- 6.2. Structure-Property Relationship of Tissues.- 6.2.1. Mineralized Tissue (Bone and Teeth).- 6.2.2. Collagen-Rich Tissues.- 6.3. Elastic Tissues.- 6.3.1. Composition and Structure.- 6.3.2. Properties of Elastic Tissues.- 6.4. Constitutive Equations Describing Mechanical Properties of Soft Tissues.- 6.4.1. Stress-Strain Relationship in Loading and Unloading.- 6.4.2. Strain Energy Function.- 6.4.3. Contribution of Collagen, Elastin, and Mucopolysaccharide to the Mechanical Properties of Soft Tissues.- Problems.- References.- 7 Tissue Response to Implants (Biocompatibility).- 7.1. Wound-Healing Process.- 7.1.1. Inflammation.- 7.1.2. Cellular Response to Repair.- 7.2. Body Response to Implants.- 7.2.1. Cellular Response to Implants.- 7.2.2. Systemic Effects of Implants.- 7.3. Blood Compatibility.- 7.3.1. Factors Affecting Blood Compatibility.- 7.3.2. Nonthrombogenic Surfaces.- Problems.- References.- 8 Metallic Implant Materials.- 8.1. Stainless Steels.- 8.1.1. Types of Composition of Stainless Steels.- 8.1.2. Properties of Stainless Steels.- 8.1.3. Manufacturing of Implants Using Stainless Steels.- 8.2. Co-Based Alloys.- 8.2.1. Types and Composition of Co-Based Alloys.- 8.2.2. Properties of Co-Based Alloys.- 8.2.3. Manufacturing of Implants Using Co-Based Alloys.- 8.3. Ti and Ti-Based Alloys.- 8.3.1. Composition of Ti and Ti-Based Alloys.- 8.3.2. Structure and Properties of Ti and Ti-Based Alloys.- 8.3.3. Manufacturing of Implants Using Ti-Based Alloys.- 8.4. Other Metals.- 8.5. Deterioration of Metallic Implant Materials.- 8.5.1. Electrochemical Principles of Corrosion.- 8.5.2. Rates and Passivity of Corrosion.- 8.5.3. Corrosion Fatigue.- Problems.- References.- 9 Ceramic Implant Materials.- 9.1. Aluminum Oxides.- 9.2. Hydroxyapatite.- 9.2.1. Structure of Hydroxyapatite.- 9.2.2. Properties