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Sustainable Practices in Geoenvironmental Engineering1889
In the seven years since the publication of the first edition of Sustainable Practices in Geoenvironmental Engineering, the combination of population growth and increased exploitation of renewable and non-renewable natural resources has added increased stresses on the quality and health of the geoenvironment. This is especially true when viewed in the context of the growing demand for food and shelter, energy and mineral resources, and their resultant effects on the natural capital of the geoenvironment. Completely revised and updated, this second edition of a bestseller introduces and discusses the concept of "stressors" and their impacts on the geoenvironment. See What's New in the Second Edition: Clear definition of the geoenvironment New tools and remediation technologies, new management methods for geohazards, and enhanced coverage of social and economic sustainability Innovative approaches and techniques for reaching geoenvironmental sustainability More detail on treatment technologies, both in situ and ex situ Discussion on the mitigation of geodisasters Additional sections to discuss sustainability assessment protocols Updated information on models for prediction of contaminant behavior The authors explore the technologies that take into account targets, exposure routes (if applicable), future land use, acceptable risks, legislation, and resultant emissions/discharges in establishing the criteria and tools for evaluating technologies and protocols for environmental management of the impacted land. They then discuss how to choose the correct ones to use in different situations to protect the quality and health of natural resource and capital of the geoenvironment and ensure that these geoenvironmental natural resources and capital remain available for future generations and to develop innovative and sustainable techniques to make land more stable and safer.
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Dr. Raymond N. Yong is the William Scott Professor Emeritus at McGill University, Canada, and Emeritus Professor at the University of Wales Cardiff (Cardiff University), UK. He has authored and co-authored eleven other textbooks, over five hundred refereed papers in the various journals in the disciplines of Geoenvironmental Engineering and Earth Science, and holds 52 patents. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society (Canada), and a Chevalier de l'Ordre National du Quebec. He and his students were amongst the early researchers in Geoenvironmental Engineering engaged in research on the physico-chemical properties and behaviour of soils, their use in buffer/barriers for HLW (high-level radioactive waste) and HSW (hazardous solid waste) containment and isolation, and restoration/remediation of contaminated sites. He and his colleagues are currently engaged in research on Geoenvironmental sustainability. Dr. Catherine N. Mulligan holds a Concordia Research Chair in Geoenvironmental Sustainability (Tier I) and is Full Professor and Associate Dean, Research and Graduate Studies of the Faculty of Engineering and Computer Science of Concordia University, Canada. She has authored more than 80 refereed papers in various journals, authored, co-edited or co-authored five other books, holds three patents and has supervised to completion more than 40 graduate students. She is the Director of the new Concordia Institute of Water, Energy and Sustainable Systems. The new Institute trains students in sustainable development practices and performs research into new systems, technologies and solutions for environmental sustainability. Dr. Masaharu Fukue is a Full Professor at Tokai University, Japan. He has studied and taught geoenvironmental engineering and geotechnical engineering for 36 years, since 1978, in Marine Science and Technology, Tokai University. He has co-authored two other textbooks, over one hundred refereed papers in various journals, and holds 6 patents. He has recently established the Japanese Geotechnical Association for Housing Disaster Prevention to apply the theory and practice of innovative microbial cementing process (one of his patented process). In addition, another of his Japanese patents (re-suspension technique for sediment rehabilitation) is currently being applied in Fukushima, Japan, in the aftermath of the March, 2011 East-Japan great earthquake and accompanying tsunami. Both projects demonstrate the interdependencies between geoenvironmental engineering and geotechnical engineering, and the need to apply sustainability principles in the practice of both disciplines.
Geoenvironment Management and Sustainability Introduction Impacts on the Geoenvironment Geoenvironment Impacts from Natural Events and Disasters Anthropogenic Forces and Impacts on Geoenvironment Geoenvironment, Ecosystems, and Resources Ecozones and Ecosystems Natural Resources and Biodiversity in the Geoenvironment Geoenvironment Sustainability Geoenvironment as a Natural Resource Base Impacts on the Geoenvironment Impacts due to Population Growth Impacts from Natural Resource Exploitation Stressors and Sources Natural Stressor Sources and Stressors Anthropogenic Stressor Sources and Stressors Geoenvironment Impacts on Soil and Water Resources Impacts on Land Mass and Soil Soil Functionality and Indicators Impacts on Water and Water Resources Sustainability Renewable and Nonrenewable Geoenvironment Natural Resources Rs and Beyond Concluding Remarks References Stressors and Soil Contamination Introduction Stressors and Impacts Stressor Impacts on Soils Hydraulic Mechanical Thermal Chemical Geochemical Biologically Mediated Soil Contamination from Chemical Stressors Contamination and Geoenvironmental Impacts Reference Frame Characterization of Geoenvironmental Impacts Identifying and Assessing for Impact on the Geoenvironment Stressor Sources Nature of Impacts Man-Made and Natural Combinations Wastes, Contaminants, and Threats Inorganic Contaminants Arsenic (As) Cadmium (Cd) Chromium (Cr) Copper (Cu) Lead (Pb) Nickel (Ni) Zinc (Zn) Organic Chemical Contaminants Persistent Organic Chemical Pollutants Surface and Subsurface Soils Soil as a Resource Material Nature of Soils Soil Composition Primary Minerals Secondary Minerals Soil Organic Matter Oxides and Hydrous Oxides Carbonates and Sulfates Soil Properties Pertinent to Contaminant Transport and Fate Specific Surface Area and Cation Exchange Capacity Surface Properties Contaminant Transport and Land Contamination Mechanisms of Interaction of Heavy Metal Contaminants in Soil Chemically Reactive Groups of Organic Chemical Contaminants Partitioning of Contaminants and Partition Coefficients Predicting Contaminant Transport Geoenvironmental Land Management Concluding Remarks References Sustainable Water Management Introduction Geoenvironment Sustainable Water Management Water Availability and Quality Uses of Water and Its Importance Hydrological Cycle Human Interference on Infiltration and Runoff Harvesting of Groundwater Excessive Groundwater Abstraction and Land Subsidence Uses of Water Water Quality Characterization and Management Classes of Contaminants Characterizing Chemical Stressors Monitoring of Water Quality Remote Sensing Biomonitoring Sustainable Water Treatment and Management Techniques for Soil and Groundwater Treatment Isolation and Containment Extraction Treatment Techniques Electrokinetic Applications Natural Attenuation Biostimulation Bioaugmentation Enhanced Natural Attenuation In Situ Reactive Regions-Treatment Zones Permeable Reactive Barriers Ex Situ Processes Groundwater and Water Management Evaluation of the Sustainability of Remediation Alternatives Concluding Remarks References Industrial Ecology and the Geoenvironment Introduction Concept of Industrial Ecology Geoenvironmental Life Cycle Assessment Geoenvironment Impacts and Sustainability Upstream, Midstream, and Downstream Industries Mineral Mining and Processing Downstream Industries Metallurgical Industries Metal Fabrication and Processing Nonmetal Mineral Resources Processing Land Environment Impacts and Sustainability Indicators Agroprocessing Industries Leather Tanning Industry Pulp and Paper Industry Palm Oil Industries Land Environment Impact and Sustainability Indicators Petrochemical and Chemical Industries Petrochemical Industries Chemical Industries Stressors and Impacts on Geoenvironment Land Environment Impacts and Sustainability Indicators Service Industries Hospital Wastes and the Geoenvironment Energy Production and the Geoenvir