A Primer of Human Behavioral Pharmacology (häftad)
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Häftad (Paperback / softback)
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Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1986
Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
XVI, 246 p.
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1 Paperback / softback
A Primer of Human Behavioral Pharmacology (häftad)

A Primer of Human Behavioral Pharmacology

Häftad Engelska, 2012-03-18
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vii Drugs and sex are two topics about which most people have strong opinions and weak understanding. Knowledge of each can be gained in many ways, all with associated rewards and risks. Like all textbooks, this one was written in the belief that reading can foster learning. The book is intended to introduce principles of behavioral pharmacology to readers with little or no knowledge of the discipline but with an interest in how drugs affect human behavior. Gleaning anything of value from the text requires two things from the reader. The first is a willingness to accept an analysis of drug effects that shares little with folklore or common sense no tions of drug action. The second is a willingness to accept the fact that the behavioral effects of drugs are complex and depend upon a sizable number of pharmacological and behavioral variables. Unless one is aware of these factors and how they determine a drug's actions, the behavioral effects of drugs can be neither pre dicted nor meaningfully explained. If it does nothing else, this volume will make it obvious that the behavioral effects of drugs are lawful and can be predicted and understood on the basis of well-established relations between empirical phenomena. De scribing these relations and exploring how they allow behavioral ix x PREFACE pharmacologists to make sense of drug effects that are otherwise incomprehensible was a major goal in preparing the text.
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Bloggat om A Primer of Human Behavioral Pharmacology


1 Historical Origins of Behavioral Pharmacology.- What Is Behavioral Pharmacology?.- Drugs and Psychiatry.- Drug Abuse, LSD, and Behavioral Pharmacology.- Behavioral Toxicology.- Pharmacology and Behavioral Pharmacology.- Milestones in Behavioral Pharmacology.- Concluding Comments.- 2 Basic Principles of Pharmacology.- Labeling and Classification of Drugs.- Physical Properties of Drugs.- The Fate of a Drug.- Absorption and Route of Administration.- Distribution of Drugs.- Biotransformation and Elimination.- Drug Kinetics and Dose-Dependent Drug Effects.- Time Course of Drug Action.- Tolerance and Physical Dependence.- Drugs, Receptors, and Neuronal Activity.- Drug Interactions.- Individual Differences.- Concluding Comments.- 3 Overview of Behavioral Psychology.- Science and Behavioral Psychology.- Respondent Conditioning.- Operant Conditioning.- Nonhuman Research, Human Research, and Meaningful Inference.- Concluding Comments.- 4 Stimulus Properties of Drugs.- Drugs as Unconditional and Conditional Stimuli.- Distinguishing Discriminative Stimulus Functions of Drugs.- Drugs as Positively Reinforcing Stimuli.- Drugs as Negatively Reinforcing Stimuli.- Patient Noncompliance.- Determinants of Negative Reinforcement.- Concluding Comments.- 5 Drug-Behavior Interactions.- Drug Effects on Learning.- Drug Effects on Stimulus-Controlled Behavior.- Rate-Dependent Drug Effects.- Consequence-Dependent Drug Effects.- Concluding Comments.- 6 Clinical Drug Assessment.- Psychiatric Diagnosis.- Target Behaviors and Their Assessment.- Experimental Designs and Strategies.- Concluding Comments.- 7 Drug Abuse.- Drugs as Positive Reinforcers.- Drug Abuse as an Operant Response.- Treating Drug Abuse.- Concluding Comments.- 8 The Future.- References.