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Aviation Social and Economic Impacts2389
As both an enabler and accelerator of globalisation, aviation has had profound and sometime unintended and unanticipated social and economic impacts. Commercial airports are not only transport nodes that facilitate aerial movement they are also major centres of employment but often sites of political contestation surrounding their planning and development as economic growth imperatives conflict with environmental concerns. Noise is often cited as being one of the most socially contested aspects of airport operations for local communities, particularly when flights are operating during the night. This is a particular challenge for cargo operators whose business model is based on rapid overnight delivery and distribution. Specific factors including night noise curfews and the provision and co-location of freight forwarders are significant determinants of airport choice and this, in turn, leads to freight forwarding firms clustering at major freight facilities. As well as meeting the mobility needs of business travellers and cargo consignors, air travel also facilitates the mass movement of leisure passengers. The benefits, challenges and limits to growth of this market segment are explored together with the social, economic and environmental challenges tourism creates for receiving countries. The role of airlines in planning, developing and marketing tourist destinations is also examined in this Volume. Aviation-led tourist development is particularly pronounced in cities such as Singapore and Dubai where air service deregulation and airport-airline-destination marketing strategies have created not only major international transit hubs but also significant centres of international urban tourism. In addition to serving routes with high levels of passenger and cargo demand, aviation also performs a vital role for geographically remote and/or inaccessible regions that cannot be rapidly accessed by road, sea or rail. Owing to lower levels of demand, the need for small (and sometimes specially equipped aircraft) and the vagaries of the local weather and climate, these services are expensive to operate and may not be economically viable without subsidy. Experiences from the US and European Union examine some of the issues surrounding the operation of these services. The Volume concludes with consideration of aviation's environmental impacts and potential mitigation strategies such as the EU's Emissions Trading System.
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Lucy Budd is Professor of Air Transport Management and Stephen Ison is Professor of Air Transport Policy at De Montfort University, UK.
Volume 5 Aviation Social and Economic Impacts Introduction Part I Airports and Economic Development K. Button and S. Taylor, 'International Air Transportation and Economic Development', Journal of Air Transport Management, 6, 2000, 209-222. R. K. Green, 'Airports and Economic Development', Real Estate Economics, 35, 1, 2007, 91-112. A. R. Goetz and J. S. Szyliowicz, 'Revisiting Transportation Planning and the Decision Making Theory: The Case of Denver International Airport', Transportation Research Part A, 31, 4, 263-280. R. Freestone, 'Planning, Sustainability and Airport-Led Urban Development', International Planning Studies, 14, 2, 2009, 161-176. R. L. Ivy, T. J. Fik and E. J. Malecki, 'Changes in Air Service Connectivity and Employment', Environment and Planning A, 27, 1995, 165-179. D. Gillen and A. Lall, 'Competitive Advantage of Low-cost Carriers: Some Implications for Airports', Journal of Air Transport Management, 10, 2004, 41-50. Part II Airport Logistics and Supply Chains J. Gardiner, S. Ison and I. Humphreys, 'Factors Influencing Cargo Airlines' Choice of Airport: An International Survey', Journal of Air Transport Management, 11, 2005, 393-399. J. Bowen and T. Leinbach, 'Market Concentration in the Air Freight Forwarding Industry', Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografic, 95, 2, 2004, 174-188. A. Zhang and Y. Zhang, 'A Model of Air Cargo Liberalization: Passenger vs. All-cargo Carriers', Transportation Research Part E, 38, 2002, 175-191. Y. Park, J. K. Choi and A. Zhang, 'Evaluating Competitiveness of Air Cargo Express Services', Transportation Research Part E, 45, 2009, 321-334. J. Gardiner and S. Ison, 'The Geography of Non-integrated Cargo Airlines: An International Study', Journal of Transport Geography, 16, 2008, 55-62. Part III Air Transport and Tourism D. T. Duval, 'Critical Issues in Air Transport and Tourism', Tourism Geographies: An International Journal of Tourism Space, Place and Environment, 15, 3, 2013, 494-510. P. Forsyth, 'Martin Kunz Memorial Lecture. Tourism Benefits and Aviation Policy', Journal of Air Transport Management, 12, 2006, 3-13. T. Bieger and A. Wittmer, 'Air Transport and Tourism - Perspectives and Challenges for Destinations, Airlines and Governments', Journal of Air Transport Management, 12, 2006, 40-46. G. Lohmann, S. Albers, B. Koch and K. Pavlovich, 'From Hub to Tourism Destination - An Explorative Study of Singapore and Dubai's Aviation-based Transformation', Journal of Air Transport Management, 15, 2009, 205-211. A. Graham, 'Demand for Leisure Air Travel and Limits to Growth', Journal of Air Transport Management, 6, 2000, 109-118. Part IV Air Transport in Remote Regions S. Brathen and N. Halpern, 'Air Transport Service Provision and Management Strategies to Improve the Economic Benefits for Remote Regions', Research in Transportation Business and Management, 4, 2012, 3-12. M. D. Wittman, F. Allroggen and R. Malina, 'Public Service Obligations for Air Transport in the United States and Europe: Connectivity Effects and Value for Money', Transportation Research Part A, 94, 2016, 112-128. J. Calzada and X. Fageda, 'Competition and Public Service Obligations in European Aviation Markets', Transportation Research Part A, 70, 2014, 104-116. R. Merkert and B. O'Fee, 'Efficient Procurement of Public Air Services - Lessons Learned from European Transport Authorities' Perspectives', Transport Policy, 29, 118-125. T. H. Grubesic, T. C. Matisziw and A. T. Murray, 'Assessing Geographic Coverage of the Essential Air Service Program', Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, 46, 2012, 124-135. Part V Environmental externalities P. Morrell and C. H.-Y. Lu, 'Aircraft Noise Social Cost and Charge Mechanisms - A Case Study of Amsterdam Airport Schiphol', Transportation Research Part D, 5, 2000, 305-320. M. May and S. B. Hill, 'Questioning Airport Expansion -