The Origins of the Modern World (häftad)
Häftad (Paperback / softback)
Antal sidor
Fourth Edition
Rowman & Littlefield
black and white 6 Maps 8 Illustrations
6 Maps; 8 Illustrations, black and white
226 x 152 x 18 mm
431 g
Antal komponenter
2:B&W 6 x 9 in or 229 x 152 mm Perfect Bound on Creme w/Gloss Lam
The Origins of the Modern World (häftad)

The Origins of the Modern World

A Global and Environmental Narrative from the Fifteenth to the Twenty-First Century

Häftad Engelska, 2019-07-05
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This clearly written and engrossing book presents a global narrative of the origins of the modern world from 1400 to the present. Unlike most studies, which assume that the "rise of the West" is the story of the coming of the modern world, this history, drawing upon new scholarship on Asia, Africa, and the New World and upon the maturing field of environmental history, constructs a story in which those parts of the world play major roles, including their impacts on the environment. Robert B. Marks defines the modern world as one marked by industry, the nation state, interstate warfare, a large and growing gap between the wealthiest and poorest parts of the world, increasing inequality within the wealthiest industrialized countries, and an escape from the environmental constraints of the "biological old regime." He explains its origins by emphasizing contingencies (such as the conquest of the New World); the broad comparability of the most advanced regions in China, India, and Europe; the reasons why England was able to escape from common ecological constraints facing all of those regions by the eighteenth century; a conjuncture of human and natural forces that solidified a gap between the industrialized and non-industrialized parts of the world; and the mounting environmental crisis that defines the modern world. Now in a new edition that brings the saga of the modern world to the present in an environmental context, the book considers how and why the United States emerged as a world power in the twentieth century and became the sole superpower by the twenty-first century, and why the changed relationship of humans to the environmental likely will be the hallmark of the modern era-the Anthopocene. Once again arguing that the US rise to global hegemon was contingent, not inevitable, Marks also points to the resurgence of Asia and the vastly changed relationship of humans to the environment that may in the long run overshadow any political and economic milestones of the past hundred years.
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By far the best of the current world history books on the market. Its main strengths lie in its non-Eurocentric viewpoint, its clear narrative, and its brevity. I would (and have) unreservedly recommended the book to colleagues teaching in the field as well as to others seeking a quick introduction to the history of the world.--Sarah Kovner, University of Florida Splendid, fresh, forceful, and efficient. Marks has a clear focus on the Eurocentrism of most of the textbooks on world history, and he has developed an effective, solidly grounded strategy to counter the problem. The ideas are challenging, and the prose is readable and engaging. Ideal for introductory surveys of world history.--Edward L. Farmer, University of Minnesota Always the favorite when it comes to incisive world history agenda-setting, The Origins of the Modern World has a fully developed overview, one that is big on humans and the history of the environment and encourages critical thinking on a global scale.--Edmund Burke III, University of California at Santa Cruz I love this book--and more important, students do as well. Nothing beats it for putting global perspectives on the table in a readable and intelligent way.--Thomas Saylor, Concordia University In accessible prose, Robert Marks distills world history of the past six centuries to its essence. Truly global in scope, and fully attentive to environmental contexts, this book is ideal for the classroom: it will provoke both thought and discussion--and occasional disagreement.--John R. McNeill, Georgetown University Terrific! It's far and away the best of its type I've found in over thirty years of teaching. It's clear, succinct, and yet wonderfully comprehensive. It brings together all the current thinking in world history in about as nice a package as can be imagined.--Paul Solon, Macalester College This new edition accentuates the book's strengths while remaining compact, highly readable, and easy to connect with contemporary concerns. Fair-minded but not bland, it has the potential to spark classroom discussion that conventional textbooks rarely have, while providing a helpful basic narrative around which to organize an appealing world history class.--Kenneth Pomeranz, University of Chicago

Övrig information

Robert B. Marks is Richard and Billie Deihl Professor of History at Whittier College. His books include China: Its Environment and History (Rowman & Littlefield). He is the recipient of Whittier College's Harry W. Nerhood Teaching Excellence Award.


List of Figures and Maps Preface and Acknowledgments Introduction: The Rise of the West? The Rise of the West "The Gap" and Its Explanations Eurocentrism Stories and Historical Narratives The Elements of an Environmentally Grounded Non-Eurocentric Narrative Notes Chapter One: The Material and Trading World, circa 1400 The Biological Old Regime The Weight of Numbers Climate Change Population Density and Civilization The Agricultural Revolution Towns and Cities in 1400 Nomadic Pastoralists Wildlife Population Growth and Land Famine The Nitrogen Cycle and World History Epidemic Disease The World and Its Trading System circa 1400 The Black Death: A Mid-Fourteenth-Century Conjuncture Conclusion: The Biological Old Regime Notes Chapter Two: Starting with China China The Voyages of Zheng He, 1405-1433 India and the Indian Ocean Dar al-Islam, "The Abode of Islam" Africa Slavery Europe and the Gunpowder Epic Armed Trading on the Mediterranean Portuguese Explorations of the Atlantic Armed Trading in the Indian Ocean Conclusion Notes Chapter Three: Empires, States, and the New World, 1500-1775 Empire Builders and Conquerors Russia and China Mughal, Safavid, and Ottoman Expansion The Dynamics of Empire The Americas The Aztecs The Inca The Conquest of the Americas and the Spanish Empire The Columbian Exchange The Great Dying Labor Supply Problems Silver The Spanish Empire and Its Collapse China's Demand for Silver The New World Economy Human Migration and the Early Modern World The Global Crisis of the Seventeenth Century and the European State System State Building Mercantilism The Seven Years' War, 1756-1763 Notes Chapter Four: The Industrial Revolution and Its Consequences, 1750-1850 Cotton Textiles India The New World as a Peculiar Periphery New Sources of Energy and Power China Markets Exhausting the Earth England, Redux Coal, Iron, and Steam Recap: Without Colonies, Coal, or State Support Science and Technology Tea, Silver, Opium, Iron, and Steam Tea Silver Opium Iron and Steam Conclusion: Into the Anthropocene Notes Chapter Five: The Gap The Gap Opium and Global Capitalism India Industrialization Elsewhere France The United States Germany Russia Japan New Dynamics in the Industrial World The Environmental Consequences of Industrialization Sources of Global Warming Gases in the Nineteenth Century The Social Consequences of Industrialization Factories and Work Women and Families Resistance and Revolution Industrialization and Migration Nations and Nationalism The Scrambles for Africa and China Africa China El Nino Famines and the Making of the Third World Social Darwinism and Self-Congratulatory Eurocentrism Conclusion Notes Chapter Six: The Great Departure Introduction to the Twentieth Century and Beyond Part I: Nitrogen, Wars, and the First Deglobalization, 1900-1945 World War I and the Beginning of the Thirty-Year Crisis (1914-1945) Revolutions Colonial Independence Movements Normalcy? The Great Depression of the 1930s World War II Part II: The Post-War and Cold War Worlds, 1945-1991 Decolonization Asian Revolutions Development and Underdevelopment Consumerism versus Productionism Consumerism Third World Developmentalism Migration, Refugees, and States Global Inequality Inequality within Rich Countries Part III: Globalization and Its Opponents, 1991-Present The End of the Cold War The End of History? A Clash of Civilizations? Global Free Trade Energy, Oil, and War Deterritorialization Does History Repeat Itself? Part IV: The Great Departure: Into the Anthropocene Conclusion Notes Conclusion: Changes, Continuities, and the Shape of the Future The Story Summarized Globalization Into the Future Notes