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Alexander M SidorkinPaperback / Softback
Jesus and Purity Halakhah
Was Jesus Indifferent to Impurity?av Thomas Kazen569
What did Jesus think about Jewish practice regarding impurity? How did he relate to the inner-Jewish debates of his day concerning ritual purity and impurity? Did he discard the impurity concept altogether, or was it an obvious and natural part of his Jewish faith and life? Did he advocate another or different type of purity? Ritual or cultic purity was paramount in Jewish society and life during the Second Temple period, and differences in purity halakhah were one of the factors that distinguished various movements. Therefore, considering purity is crucial in any attempt to interpret the historical Jesus within his contemporary context. In the latest or "third" phase of historical Jesus study, researchers have given prominence to Jesus' social and cultural context. In keeping with this goal, Thomas Kazen discusses the historical Jesus alongside what we know of Jewish purity halakhah of his time and explains Jesus' attitude toward impurity. Kazen balances the work of New Testament scholars on Judaism and legal matters by incorporating the historical Jesus studies of Jewish scholars, seeking to engage students of the historical Jesus with the primary materials relating to legal matters.
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Fler böcker av Thomas Kazen
PART ONE: INITIAL POSITIONS I. Jesus and purity: an introduction I.1 The idea of impurity The Jewish impurity system Purity laws during the Second Temple period I.2 Jesus' attitude The problem Sources Contents and structure II. Jesus and history: problems and possibilities II.1 The historical Jesus and purity Trends and tendencies in the "quests" A Jewish Jesus Jesus and purity issues II.2 Continuity and authentic traditions More than a problem of criteria Words are not enough Tradition is redaction too Constraints and plausibility II.3 The limits of historical reconstruction History is more than facts Causation, intention, and "thick description" Getting down to what?-authenticity, reality, and retrodiction Summary: A case for the historical Jesus as conscious reconstruction PART TWO: LAW, PURITY AND BODY III. Jesus and the law: much debated conflict stories III.1 Evaluating legal issues Identifying Jesus' adversaries Identifying points of conflict Identifying contemporary legal material The Sabbath as a test case III.2 Mark 7, hand-washing, and the impurity system Structure and content Tradition, redaction, and authenticity Hand-washing and eating at the time of Jesus An expansionist purity practice in Second Temple Judaism Degrees of impurity and contamination chains Liquids, stone vessels, and the impurity of hands Summary: A case for purity as a wide-spread concern in Second Temple Judaism IV. Jesus and defilement through contact: a neglected issue IV.1 An alternative approach Beginning with non-conflict traditions Dealing with miracle stories Tracing historical reminiscences IV.2 Skin disease / "leprosy" "Lepers" in gospel traditions The Markan non-conflict tradition Jesus' gestures Biblical legislation concerning "leprosy" The exclusion of "lepers" in the Second Temple period The contamination of "lepers" "Leprosy" as punishment The Lukan tradition Papyrus Egerton 2 Jesus and "leprosy" IV.3 Bodily discharges The major dischargers The bleeding woman and Markan sandwich construction A purity issue in the Markan tradition Dischargers in Lukan traditions? Interpreting the purity issue: biblical legislation Expulsion or isolation of dischargers during the biblical period Equalization and strictness in the Second Temple period Equalization and leniency in rabbinic interpretation Exclusion and isolation at the time of Jesus The bleeding woman and contamination by touch Jesus and discharges IV.4 The corpse The nature of corpse-impurity A purity issue in resurrection stories? The Markan tradition about Jairus' daughter The widow's son in Lukan tradition The impurity of graves and Jesus' attitude Was corpse-contamination avoided? Purification and the first-day ablution The good Samaritan and a presumptive corpse Priestly purity and priority Jesus and corpse-impurity Summary: A case for Jesus' attitude as seemingly indifferent PART THREE: EXPLANATORY MODELS V. Purity and morality V.1 Immorality and bodily defilement in ancient Judaism Sin and impurity Ritual and moral in biblical legislation A moral trajectory Alternative categories: inner and outer V.2 Jesus: inner and outer impurity Traditions and sources Inner and outer impurity in Q and the Gospel of Thomas Mark 7 revisited V.3 John and Jesus: inner and outer purification John the Baptizer The Baptizer and Qumran Jesus and baptisms in gospel traditions Jesus and purification rites Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 840 and inner purification Summary: A case for Jesus as part of a moral trajectory in Judaism VI. Purity and diversity VI.1 Common Judaisms Generalizing tendencies and the necessity to differentiate