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Essays on the Evolutionary-Synthetic Theory of Language
On the Crisis in Theoretical Linguistics Basic Meaning and the Language of Thought the Unity of Lexical and Grammatical Polysemy1212
This book implements a multidisciplinary approach in describing language both in its ontogenetic development and in its close interrelationship with other human subsystems such as thought, memory, and activity, with a focus on the semantic component of the evolutionary-synthetic theory. The volume analyzes, among others, the mechanisms for grammatical polysemy, and brings to light the structural unity of artefact and natural concepts (such as CHAIR, ROAD, LAKE, RIVER, TREE). Additionally, object and motor concepts are defined in terms of the language of thought, and their representation in neurobiological memory codes is discussed; finally, the hierarchic structure of basic meanings of concrete nouns is shown to arise as a result of their step-by-step development in ontogeny.
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Fler böcker av Alexey Koshelev
In On the Genesis of Thought and Language, linguist Alexey Koshelev explores fundamental questions of how human concepts arise in a child, why concepts appear in a child before words, the genesis of language, and why there are so many languages. C...
Alexey Koshelev is the author of two books, Cognitive Analysis of Universal Human Concepts (Moscow, 2015) and Essays on the Evolutionary-Synthetic Theory of Language (Moscow, 2017), and over fifty papers on cognitive semantics, theoretical linguistics, lexical and grammatical polysemy, history of linguistic theories, general theory of development and related subjects.
Acknowledgements Preface 1. The place of the evolutionary-synthetic theory of language among the ranks of linguistic theories 2. Peer reviews of the evolutionary-synthetic theory 3. About the book contents Chapter 1 On the contradictory nature of contemporary linguistic theories and how to change it for the better 1. Introduction 2. A compendium of incompatible linguistic frameworks 3. Contrastive analysis of some mutually contradicting linguistic theories 1. Introduction 2. On the role of language in thought 3. Is language an autonomous module ("cognitive organ")? 4. Other opposing assumptions in the theories under discussion 4. Contradictory descriptions of particular linguistic problems 1. The incompatibility of theories of lexical polysemy 2. Contradictory descriptions of the syntax-lexicon interface 3. Theories of language origin and evolution 5. The futility of attempts to reach a consensus 1. Unproductiveness of scholarly polemics 2. Inefficiency of interdisciplinary approaches 6. Is linguistics a natural science? 7. The crisis and its causes 1. Is "multiparadigmality" typical of linguistics? 2. The status of linguistics as a science 3. The root of trouble 8. Principles of an evolutionary-synthetic theory of language 9. Crisis in the cognitive sciences 1. Contradictory frameworks in cognitive sciences 2. The cause of the crisis 3. Towards a unified cognitive paradigm Chapter 2 A reference-based approach to describing notional words 1. A reference-based approach to lexical semantics 1. The dual structure of lexical meaning 2. Basic meanings of the words chair and armchair 2. An analysis of basic meanings of the action verbs udarit' 'hit-PF', tolknut' 'push-PF', padat' 'fall-IMP', brat' 'take-IMP' and vzbirat'sja 'climb-IMP' 1. Introductory remarks 2. Contact verbs: udarit' 'hit-PF', kosnut'sja 'touch-PF', tolknut' 'push-PF' 3. The verb padat' 'fall-IMP' 4. The verb brat' 'take-IMP' / vzjat' 'take-PF' 5. The verb vzbirat'sja 'climb' 3. Verbs of spatial orientation:... stojat' 'stand', sidet' 'sit', lezat' 'lie', and viset' 'hang' 1. The verb viset' 'hang' 2. The verbs stojat' stand', lezat' 'lie', and sidet' 'sit' 4. The motion verbs...idti 'walk', bezat' 'run', polzti 'crawl', sagat' 'step/stride', prygat' 'jump', and exat' 'go/ride/drive' 1. The motion verbs idti 'walk' and bezat' 'run' 2. A comparative description of the verbs idti 'walk', bezat' 'run', polzti 'crawl', prygat' 'jump' and sagat' 'step/stride' 3. Basic meaning of the verb exat' 'go/ride/drive' 5. The structure of lexical polysemy 1. Reference in lexicology 2. Lexical polysemy 3. Supplement. Three contemporary approaches to lexical polysemy 6. Appendix 1. Excerpts from the email correspondence between A. D. Koshelev and I. A. Mel'cuk (February-March 1995) 7. Appendix 2. An infant's early acquisition of the laws of nature 1. An infant's view of the physical world 2. Formation of causal relationships Chapter 3 Basic-level concepts as the neurobiological codes for memory 1. Concrete concepts and motor concepts 1. Introduction. Two interpretations of basic-level concrete concepts 2. Functional schema of basic-level concepts 3. The function of an object and a linguistic explanation of this function 4. A linguistic explanation of the concept functional schema 5. Neurobiological grounds for the basic concept schema 6. Motor concepts 7. Concrete concepts TropInKA 'FooTpATh', DorozKA 'TrAcK', dOROgA 'ROAd' 8. Concepts OzERO 'LAkE' and REkA 'RIVER' 9. The concept dEREVO 'TREE' 10. Appendix. On the dual nature of human categories 2. On the psychophysical state and the neurobiology of human actions 1. Events and their storage in memo