Safety Analysis : Principles and Practice in Occupational Safety (inbunden)
Inbunden (Hardback)
Antal sidor
1993 ed.
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Antal komponenter
1 Hardback
Safety Analysis : Principles and Practice in Occupational Safety (inbunden)

Safety Analysis : Principles and Practice in Occupational Safety

Inbunden Engelska, 1993-01-01
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Safety analysis has become a methodology that is applied to a growing extent in technologically advanced fields such as chemicals processing and nuclear industries. There it has become an important tool for obtaining safer production, but in terms of the number of people killed and injured, occupational accidents constitute a much greater problem area. There is also a need to apply systematic, tested approaches in this field. The aim of this book is to show how safety analysis can be practically applied in the field of occupational safety. Its emphasis lies on explaining how different methods work and it gives step-by-step instructions. The main focus is on qualitative (and rather simple) methods. Safety analysis has three main elements: identification of hazards; assessment of the risks that arise; and the generation of measures that can increase the level of safety. Experiences from its application are favourable. With a suitable design, an analysis that takes just a few hours or a few days can give good results. One theme concerns the analytical procedure - that is, the various stages that make up an analysis and how these are related to one another. Safety work and safety management represents a further theme, and one section fo the book is devoted to economic appraisals of safety analysis. A number of examples are provided as demonstrations of applications and of results. They also show that the methodology tends to be profiable for companies to use. The book has been written primarily with safety engineers and the Labour Inspectorate in mind, but it should also be of interest to anyone involved in occupational injury prevention.
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Part 1 Accidents and safety: on terminology; the problem of accidents; occupational accidents. Part 2 Features of systems and accidents: elementary reliability theory; on human error; on systems and safety; system accidents. Part 3 Safety analysis: what is safety analysis?; components of a safety analysis; a short methodological overview. Part 4 Energy analysis: principles; energy analysis procedure; example; comments. Part 5 Job safety analysis: principles; job safety analysis procedure; example; comments. Part 6 Deviation analysis: on deviations; principles; deviation analysis procedure; examples; accident investigation; comments. Part 7 Hazard and operability studies (HAZOP): principles; HAZOP procedure; example; comments. Part 8 Fault tree analysis: introduction; principles and symbols; fault tree analysis procedure; more on fault tree analysis; example; comments. Part 9 Some further methods: introduction; management oversight and risk tree (MORT); brief descriptions of some other methods; quick analyses. Part 10 Methodological overview: comparison between methods; some advice on choice of method. Part 11 Risk assessment: introduction; consequence and probability; practical risk evaluation. Part 12 Safety analysis - planning and implementation: introduction; preconditions and preparations; analytical procedure; information and analysis; safety measures and results. Part 13 Safety management: on the components of safety management; safety work; safety management at the planning and design stage; economic aspects; integrated approaches. Part 14 Sources of error, problems and quality in safety analysis: introduction; examining the analytical procedure; accidents - despite safety analysis; some experiences. Part 15 Examples of safety analysis: introduction; an analysis at the planning and design stage; purchase of packaging equipment for paper rolls; examination of a computer-controlled materials handling system; examination of a section for the mixing of chemicals; control of a line of sheet-metal presses; integrated analysis of a chemicals plant; accident investigation; development of safety rounds. Part 16 Concluding remarks.