Therapeutic Use of Medicinal Plants and Their Extracts: Volume 1 (inbunden)
Inbunden (Hardback)
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1st ed. 2017
Springer International Publishing AG
Bibliographie 25 schwarz-weiße und 30 farbige Abbildungen
30 Tables, color; 101 Illustrations, color; XV, 546 p. 101 illus. in color.
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Therapeutic Use of Medicinal Plants and Their Extracts: Volume 1 (inbunden)

Therapeutic Use of Medicinal Plants and Their Extracts: Volume 1


Inbunden Engelska, 2017-09-21
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This volume focuses on the importance of therapeutically active compounds of natural origin. Natural materials from plants, microbes, animals, marine organisms and minerals are important sources of modern drugs. Beginning with two chapters on the development and definition of the interdisciplinary field of pharmacognosy, the volume offers up-to-date information on natural and biosynthetic sources of drugs, classification of crude drugs, pharmacognosical botany, examples of medical application, WHOs guidelines and intellectual property rights for herbal products.
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Prof. Alamgir has been working as professor in the Department of Botany, University of Chittagong, Bangladesh, for the last 30 years. He teaches plant physiology, biochemistry and pharmacognosy at undergraduate and postgraduate levels.


CHAPTER I Introduction a. Pharmacognosy- a multidisciplinary science of crude drugs b. Traditional and modern pharmacognosy c. Modern trends in pharmacognosy CHAPTER II Defination, scope, importance and history of development of pharmacognosy a. Defination, origin and scope of pharmacognosy b. Subject matter of pharmacognosy c. Importance of pharmacognosy in pharmacy d. History of development of pharmacognosy e. Pharmacognosist, epithecar, pharmacology, pharmacologist, pharmacy and pharmacist f. Drug literature and publication CHAPTER III Medicinal, nonmedicinal, biopesticidic, colors and dye yielding plants; secondary metabolites and drug principles; medicinal plants in the systems of traditional medicine a. Medicinal plants and their characteristics, secondary metabolites and drug principles b. Factors affecting the production of secondary metabolites in medicinal plants c. Contribution of medicinal plants to modern medicine d. Nonmedicinal or poisonous, hallucinogenic, allergenic, teratogenic and other toxic plants e. Biopesticides f. Natural colors and dyes g. Importance of drugs from natural sources h. Use of herbal preparations in indigenous traditional systems of medicine and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM): Ayurveda, Unani, Homeopathy, Aromatherapy, Siddha, Yoga, Naturopathy, Folk medicine, Native North American medicine, Western herbal medicine i. Use of medicinal plants in the traditional and complementary systems for treatment of some common ailments j. Scientific basis of herbal medicine and its merits and demerits CHAPTER IV Drugs, their natural, synthetic and biosynthetic sources 1. Drugs and crude drugs 2. Sources of drugs a. Biological sources of drugs i. Plant, animal and microbial sources ii. Marine sources (metallic and non-metallic) b. Mineral source- metallic, nonmetallic and miscellaneous sources c. Geographical or habitat sources d. New drug from microbiological conversion, aberrant synthesis in higher plants, cell, tissue and organ culture e. Synthetic and biosynthetic sources CHAPTER V Classification of drugs, nutraceuticals, functional food and cosmeceuticals; proteins, peptides and enzymes as drugs 1.Classification of crude drugs a. Alphabetical classification b. Morphological classification- organized and unorganized drugs c. Taxonomic classification d. Pharmacological or therapeutic classification e. Chemical or biogenetic classification and f. Chemotaxonomical classification 2. Classification of modern drugs 3. Nutraceuticals, functional food and cosmeceuticals 4. Proteins, peptides and enzymes as drugs 5.Pharmacological and synergistic activities of herbal products CHAPTER VI Pharmacognosical botany- taxonomy, morphology and anatomy of drug plants a. Taxonomy of drug plants and their families i. Systems of plant classification- artificial, natural and phylogenetic ii.Plant taxa- Species, Genus, Family, Order, Class, Subdivision, Division and Kingdom iii.Taxonomic divisions of the plant Kingdom- Thallophyta, Bryophyta, Pteridophyta, Gymnospermophyta and Magnoliophyta; pharmacognostical importance the taxonomic groups iv. Animal phyla and their useful products in traditional medicine b.Morphology of different parts of medicinal plants- morphology of roots, stems, woods, barks, leaves, flowers and fruits c. Structural organization of plants i. The plant cell and cell contents- cell wall, cell membrane, cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, endomembrane system, cell organelles ii. The plant tissues and tissue systems- meristematic and permanent tissue, simple and complex tissue iii. Secretory tissues and cell- glandular tissue, laticiferous tissue (latex cells and latex vessels) d. Was