Challenges of a Changing Earth (inbunden)
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Inbunden (Hardback)
Antal sidor
2002 ed.
Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg GmbH & Co. K
Igbp International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (red.)
1 farb Abb
7 Tables, black and white; XVI, 216 p.
272 x 196 x 20 mm
794 g
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Challenges of a Changing Earth (inbunden)

Challenges of a Changing Earth

Proceedings of the Global Change Open Science Conference, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 10-13 July 2001

Inbunden Engelska, 2002-10-01
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This volume is based on plenary presentations from Challenges of a Changing Earth, a Global Change Open Science Conference held in Amsterdam, The Neth- lands, in July 2001. The meeting brought together about 1400 scientists from 105 co- tries around the world to describe, discuss and debate the latest scientific - derstanding of natural and human-driven changes to our planet. It examined the effects of these changes on our societies and our lives, and explored what the future might hold. The presentations drew upon global change science from an exceptionally wide range of disciplines and approaches. Issues of societal importance - the food system, air quality, the carbon cycle, and water resources - were highlighted from both policy and science perspectives. Many of the talks presented the exciting scientific advances of the past decade of international research on global change. Several challenged the scientific community in the future. What are the visionary and creative new approaches needed for studying a complex planetary system in which human activities are in- mately interwoven with natural processes? This volume aims to capture the timeliness and excitement of the science p- sented in Amsterdam. The plenary speakers were given a daunting task: to reproduce their presentations in a way that delivers their scientific messages accurately and in sufficient detail but at the same time reaches a very broad audience well beyond their own disciplines. Furthermore, they were required to do this in just a few pages.
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Praise for Will Steffen's, Challenges of a Changing Earth American Meteorological Society "This book presents a state-of-the-science overview of global change and its consequences for human societies. It highlights four areas of critical importance: food, water resources, air quality, and the carbon cycle. From both science and policy prespectives; discusses the new scientific approaches needed to study the Earth system in the future; and summarizes recent advances in understanding in global change science."

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I Opening.- 1 Opening Address.- 2 Challenges of a Changing Earth.- References.- II Achievements and Challenges: Part IIa Food, Land, Water, and Oceans.- 3 Toward Integrated Land-Change Science: Advances in 1.5 Decades of Sustained International Research on Land-Use and Land-Cover Change.- 3.1Trends.- 3.2 Causes.- 3.3 Model-Methods.- 3.4 Summary and Observations.- References.- 4 Climate Variability and Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics: Implications for Sustainability.- 4.1 Introduction.- 4.2 Climate Effects on Marine Ecosystems.- 4.3 Implications for Sustainability.- References.- 5 Food in the 21st Century: Global Climate of Disparities.- 5.1 Food in the 21st Century: Global Climate of Disparities.- 5.2 The Critical Role of Knowledge.- 5.3 Environment and Sustainable Development.- 5.4 Global Environmental Change.- 5.5 Global Agro-Ecological Assessment.- 5.6 Global AEZ Findings.- 5.7 Global Warming and Climate Change.- 5.8 Impact of Climate Change on Worldwide Cereal Production.- 5.9 Food Security and Climate Change.- 5.10 Climate Change Impact: Fairness and Equity?.- 5.11 Concluding Remark.- References.- 6 Equity Dimensions of Dam-Based Water Resources Development: Winners and Losers.- 6.1 Introduction.- 6.2 Why is Equity Relevant in River Basin Development Contexts? An Illustration from the Senegal River.- 6.3 Role of Dams in Water Resources Allocation.- 6.4 Addressing Equity Dimensions of Dam-Based Water Resources Development.- 6.4.1 The Concept of Equity.- 6.4.2 Ideas for Improving the Equity Performance of Dam Projects.- 6.5 Conclusions.- References.- IIb Out of Breath: Air Quality in the 21st Century.- 7 Atmospheric Chemistry in the "Anthropocene".- 8 Fires, Haze and Acid Rain: The Social and Political Framework of Air Pollution in ASEAN and Asia.- 8.0 Introduction: Air Pollution and Asia in Context.- 8.1 Part 1: The Problem in Perspective.- 8.1.1 The Haze: Summary of a Recurring Disaster.- 8.1.2 Northeast Asian Acid Rain: The Smog of GrowthY35.- 8.2 Part 2: International Principles and Practice.- 8.2.1 International Law and Practice in Other Regions.- 8.2.2 The ASEAN Way and Environmental Cooperation.- 8.2.3 Cooperation in Northeast Asia.- 8.3 Part 3: Assessing and Improving Regional Cooperation on the Environment.- 8.3.1 Assessment and Prospects for Improvement.- 8.3.2 How to Improve ASEAN?.- 8.3.3 Northeast Asian Cooperation.- 8.4 Conclusion: Strengthening the Social and Political Frameworks.- General References.- Specific References.- IIc Managing Planetary Metabolism? The Global Carbon Cycle.- 9 Carbon and the Science-Policy Nexus: The Kyoto Challenge.- 9.1 The Global Carbon Cycle.- 9.2 Human Perturbation of the Carbon Cycle.- 9.3 The Terrestrial Sink.- 9.4 Location of the Terrestrial Sink.- 9.5 Variability of the Terrestrial Sink.- 9.6 Origin of the Terrestrial Sink.- 9.7 The Future of the Terrestrial Carbon Cycle.- References.- 10 Industry Response to the CO2 Challenge.- 10.1 Introduction.- 10.2 The Energy Context.- 10.3 The Industry Response.- 10.3.1 Reducing GHG Emissions.- 10.3.2 Future Innovations.- 10.3.3 Renewable Energy.- 10.3.4 Transport Fuels.- 10.4 Relations between Business and the Scientific Community.- 10.5 Summary of the Key Points.- IId Summary: Global Change and the Challenge for the Future.- 11 Global Change and the Challenge for the Future.- III Advances in Understanding: Part IIIa Global Biogeochemistry: Understanding the Metabolic System of the Planet.- 12 Ocean Biogeochemistry: A Sea of Change.- 12.1 Introduction.- 12.2 The Oceanic Carbon Cycle.- 12.3 Ocean Time-Series Programmes.- 12.4 Summary.- References.- 13 The Past, Present and Future of Carbon on Land.- 13.1 What Controls the Behaviour of Biospheric Carbon?.- 13.2 The Carbon Cycle is Constrained by Other Elemental Cycles.- 13.3 The Nitrogen-Carbon Link.- 13.4 Do Land Ecosystems Retain Nitrogen Deposited From the Air?.- 13.5 The Phosphorus-Nitrogen Link.- 13.6 The Carbon Cycle During the Past 420 Thousand Years.- References.- 14 Can New