- Inbunden (Hardback)
- Antal sidor
- 2015 ed.
- Springer Verlag, Japan
- Ihori, Toshihiro (ed.), Terai, Kimiko (ed.)
- 11 Tables, black and white; 16 Illustrations, color; 26 Illustrations, black and white; XIII, 195 p.
- 234 x 156 x 13 mm
- Antal komponenter
- 1 Hardback
- 477 g
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Twilight of Democracy
The Political Economy of Fiscal Consolidation in Japan929Skickas inom 7-10 vardagar.
Fri frakt inom Sverige för privatpersoner.This book investigates the reasons for persistent public deficits and delayed fiscal reform in Japan, placing a special emphasis on political economy aspects. Japan is confronted with the need to pursue fiscal discipline for fiscal consolidation and implement structural reforms for reorganizing fiscal expenditures. Focusing on particular policy fields including social security, female labor supply, public works, and intergovernmental transfer schemes, the book clarifies economic and political elements that have hindered effective steps toward these two goals. Facing population aging and a business downturn, the Japanese government was urged to increase social security expenditures and the budget for Keynesian stimulus policies. As elucidated in the book, the institutional design has worked to over-represent the demands of elderly generations and local interest groups and to expand these expenditures. Rigorous theoretical and numerical analyses reported throughout the book consequently provide readers with insights into incentive designs and institutional reforms necessary for fiscal consolidation, also presenting points of view for public policy and public debate.
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Editors Toshihiro Ihori is a professor of economics at The University of Tokyo. He has a B.A. and an M.A. from The University of Tokyo and a Ph.D. in economics from Johns Hopkins University. His major field of research is public economics. Details are at the web site of the Graduate School of Economics, Faculty of Economics, The University of Tokyo. Kimiko Terai is a professor of economics at Keio University. She has a B.A. in education from Tokushima University and an M.A. and a Ph.D. in economics from The University of Tokyo. Her major field of research is public economics. Details are at her website.
Part I. Comprehensive Views of the Political Economy of Japan.- 1 Fiscal Consolidation in the Political Economy of Japan (Toshihiro Ihori; Comment, Keigo Kameda).- 2 The Political Economy of Social Security Funding: Why Social VAT Reform? (Hideki Konishi; Comment, Naomi Miyazato).- Part II. Fiscal Problems in Japan.- 3. Female Labor Supply, Social Security, and Fiscal Consolidation (Ryuta Ray Kato and Masumi Kawade; Comment, Masatoshi Jinno).- 4 Fiscal Consolidation and Local Public Finances in Japan: Incentive Problems Associated with Intergovernmental Transfers and Their Political Roles (Nobuo Akai; Comment, Takeshi Miyazaki).- 5 Public Policy and Economic Growth in the Integrating Japanese Economy (Hiroki Kondo; Comment,Takashi Fukushima).- Part III. Institutional Reforms Necessary for Fiscal Consolidation.- 6 Tax Policy under the "Generational Election System"(Takero Doi, Comment, Haruo Kondoh).- 7 Budgets under Delegation (Kimiko Terai and Amihai Glazer; Comment, Keisuke Hattori).