Civilians and Military Supply in Early Modern Finland (häftad)
Format
Häftad (Paperback / softback)
Språk
Engelska
Antal sidor
314
Utgivningsdatum
2021-06-22
Förlag
Helsinki University Press
Medarbetare
Granqvist, Juha-Matti
Illustrationer
Black & white illustrations
Dimensioner
229 x 152 x 18 mm
Vikt
463 g
Antal komponenter
1
Komponenter
402:B&W 6 x 9 in or 229 x 152 mm Perfect Bound on Creme w/Matte Lam
ISBN
9789523690387
Civilians and Military Supply in Early Modern Finland (häftad)

Civilians and Military Supply in Early Modern Finland

Häftad,  Engelska, 2021-06-22
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During the early modern centuries, gunpowder and artillery revolutionized warfare, and armies grew rapidly. To sustain their new military machines, the European rulers turned increasingly to their civilian subjects, making all levels of civil society serve the needs of the military.

This volume examines civil-military interaction in the multinational Swedish Realm in 1550-1800, with a focus on its eastern part, present-day Finland, which was an important supply region and battlefield bordered by Russia. Sweden was one of the frontrunners of the Military Revolution in the 16th and 17th centuries. The crown was eager to adapt European models, but its attempts to outsource military supply to civilians in a realm lacking people, capital, and resources were not always successful.

This book aims at explaining how the army utilized civilians - burghers, peasants, entrepreneurs - to provision itself, and how the civil population managed to benefit from the cooperation. The chapters of the book illustrate the different ways in which Finnish civilians took part in supplying war efforts, e.g. how the army made deals with businessmen to finance its military campaigns and how town and country people were obliged to lodge and feed soldiers.

The European armies' dependence on civilian maintenance has received growing scholarly attention in recent years, and Civilians and Military Supply in Early Modern Finland brings a Nordic perspective to the debate.
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Övrig information

Petri Talvitie, PhD, is currently Academy Research Fellow at the Department of Economic and Social History at the University of Helsinki. His research interests include agrarian history, state formation, and the history of property rights in pre-industrial Scandinavia. Talvitie wrote his thesis (2013) on enclosure in 18th-century Finland, and his recent publications include a monograph on the sales of crown farms in Finland and Sweden (Finnish Literature Society, 2020). Juha-Matti Granqvist, PhD, has worked as a postdoctoral researcher at University of Helsinki. His research has focused on burghers and their economic, political and social role in early modern Finnish and Swedish society. His doctoral dissertation (2016) discussed the late 18th-century Helsinki burgher community, and he has recently co-authored History of Helsinki, volume 3 (1721-1808), published by City of Helsinki History Committee.

Innehållsförteckning

chapter 1: introduction: military maintenance in early modern europe - the northern exposure

Petri Talvitie and Juha-Matti Granqvist


Part I: Financing the Wars


chapter 2: officers as creditors during the ingrian war (1609-1617)

Jaakko Bjrklund


chapter 3: the burghers of nyen as creditors and suppliers in the great northern war (1700-1714)

Kasper Kepsu


chapter 4: the sales of crown farms and state finances 1580-1808

Petri Talvitie


Part II: Military Supplies and the Countryside


chapter 5: manufacturing saltpetre in finland in the late 16th and early 17th centuries

Mirkka Lappalainen


chapter 6: the supply challenges of the swedish army during the russo-swedish war of 1741-1743

Sampsa Hatakka


chapter 7: maintenance of armies and its impact on rural everyday life: local experiences 1550-1750

Anu Lahtinen


Part III: Cities and the Provisioning of Armies


chapter 8: army maintenance shaping the local burgher community in 18th-century helsinki

Juha-Matti Granqvist


chapter 9: billeted soldiers and local civilians in 1750s helsinki

Sofia Gustafsson


epilogue

Petri Talvitie and Juha-Matti Granqvist