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- Shi, Li / Sicular, Terry
- 151 tables
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Inequality and Public Policy in China
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Review of the hardback: 'Although rapid widening income inequality in China is widely recognized as one of the country's foremost policy challenges, analysis of income distribution trends has been severely hampered by data weaknesses. This volume is a major step forward in providing policy-makers and analysts with the necessary reliable data on long-term trends in key indicators of income distribution from across China, including some particularly welcome new data from domestic migrants living in urban areas. That data provides the basis for a set of papers by an outstanding group of Chinese and foreign scholars, in which the linkages between recent trends and public policy - both the ways in which policy has influenced those trends, and the implications of these trends for current policy - are rigorously and imaginatively analyzed.' Bill Bikales, UNDP, China
Review of the hardback: 'This volume has been eagerly awaited by the entire community of economists and sociologists researching China, since it reports on the third phase of the China Household Income Project, the most important, as well as the longest-running, household research program in China. This superb volume fully delivers on the promise, providing the clearest and most detailed view of the dramatic changes in income distribution occurring in China into the current millennium. The results directly challenge key aspects of the popular wisdom about growing inequality in China. Moreover, the volume goes well beyond simply describing patterns of change, and for the first time shows and analyzes the impact on Chinese households of specific government policies on health care, social security, wage policy and taxation. Essential reading.' Barry Naughton, University of California, San Diego
Review of the hardback: 'Great books have three basic ingredients. They are based on high quality data, strong analysis and an understanding of the analyst of the issues. This edited volume, Inequality and Public Policy in China, is rare indeed because it has them all - in abundance. The editors, Gustafsson, Shi and Sicular, should be congratulated on producing a piece of scholarship that not only provides the reader with a realistic and balanced view of income inequality, but also on putting China's case into perspective and beginning to explain the structural and policy bases for one the most important issues facing the nation's development today.' Scott Rozelle, Stanford University
Review of the hardback: 'China in the reform era has experienced not only extraordinary economic growth, but also dramatic increases in inequality. Rising income inequality and what to do about it has become a pressing concern for China's leaders. The present volume, which presents analyses by leading experts using the best available data on China's income distribution, represents a benchmark for judging these issues.' Martin Whyte, Harvard University
'... a rare fusion of rigorous empirical anal...
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Bjrn A. Gustafsson is Professor at the Department of Social Work, Gteborg University, Sweden. His research covers empirical studies on poverty, social assistance, the distribution of economic well-being and the welfare state, as well as the economics of immigration. He has published published widely in scholarly journals and been commissioned by many public authorities to write special reports or contribute to special reports. Professor Gustafsson coedited Changing Patterns in the Distribution of Economic Welfare, An International Perspective with Peter Gottschalk and Edward Palmer (Cambridge University Press, 1997) and Poverty and Low Income in the Nordic Countries with Peder J. Pedersen (2000). Li Shi is Professor of Economics in the School of Economics and Business at Beijing Normal University. He is one of China's leading scholars on inequality and poverty. His past positions include Director of the Center of Economic Transition and Development Studies at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. Professor Li's publications include several edited volumes, including China's Retreat from Equality (2001, with R. Zhao and C. Riskin), and Unemployment, Inequality and Poverty in Urban China (2006, with H. Sato). He has also served as a consultant to international donor organizations and has been a key contributor to China's Human Development Report. Terry Sicular is Associate Professor in the Department of Economics at the University of Western Ontario. She has also held posts at Stanford and Harvard Universities, and is a leading researcher on the Chinese economy. Her research has covered topics such as China's market reforms, rural labor and employment, capital flight, and inequality. She has published widely in scholarly journals, and served as a consultant to international donor organizations. Recent and forthccoming publications include The Urban-Rural Income Gap and Inequality in China, The Review of Income and Wealth (forthcoming, with X. Yue, B. Gustafsson, and S. Li), and Why Do Revolutions Succeed? The Role of Rational Choice in the Chinese Communist Revolution, Homo Oeconomicus (2004). Professor Sicular also edited Food Price Policy in Asia: A Comparative Study (1989).
List of Tables and figures; Contributors; Acknowledgements; 1. Inequality and public policy in China: issues and trends Bjrn Gustafsson, Li Shi, and Terry Sicular; 2. Income inequality and spatial differences in China, 1988, 1995, and 2002 Bjrn Gustafsson, Li Shi, Terry Sicular, and Yue Ximing; 3. Growth and distribution of household income in China between 1995 and 2002 Azizur Rahman Khan and Carl Riskin; 4. Explaining incomes and inequality in China Yue Ximing, Terry Sicular, Li Shi, and Bjrn Gustafsson; 5. The distribution of wealth in China Zhao Renwei and Ding Sai; 6. Growth, inequality, and poverty: a comparative study of China's experience in the periods before and after the Asian crisis Azizur Rahman Khan; 7. What has economic transition meant for the well-being of the elderly in China? Edward Palmer and Deng Quheng; 8. Inequality in financing China's health care Wei Zhong and Bjrn Gustafsson; 9. China's emerging urban wage structure, 1995-2002 John Knight and Lina Song; 10. Unemployment, earlier retirement and changes in the gender income gap in urban China, 1995-2002 Li Shi and Bjrn Gustafsson; 11. What determines living arrangements of the elderly in urban China? Meng Xin and Luo Chuliang; 12. The impact of village-specific factors on household income in rural China Hiroshi Sato; 13. The redistributive impact of taxation in rural China, 1995-2002: an evaluation of rural taxation reform at the turn of the century Hiroshi Sato, Li Shi, and Yue Ximing; Appendix: the 1995 and 2002 household surveys: sampling methods and data description Li Shi, Luo Chuliang, Wei Zhong, and Yue Ximing; Index.